Guide Location: USA » Saint Louis
Guide Type: Self-guided city tour
# of Attractions: 8
Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.3 km
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Agent-88
Saint Louis, being located on the Mississippi River is one of America's favorite tourist destinations. It features fascinating European style structures. The city is, in fact, famous for its architecture. Take this walking tour to explore the most amazing architecture that Saint Louis has to offer.
Tour Stops and Attractions
1) Gateway ArchThe Gateway Arch, is an arch that is the centerpiece of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in St. Louis. It was built as a monument to the westward expansion of the United States. At 630 feet, it is the tallest man-made monument in the United States. The arch is located at the site of St. Louis' foundation, on the west bank of the Mississippi River.
The Gateway Arch was designed by Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen and German-American structural engineer Hannskarl Bandel in 1947. Construction began on February 12, 1963, and ended on October 28, 1965, costing US$13 million at the time. The monument opened to the public on June 10, 1967. The arch typifies "the pioneer spirit of the men and women who won the West, and those of a latter day to strive on other frontiers." The arch has become the iconic image of St. Louis, appearing in many parts of city culture. Both the width and height of the arch are 630 feet.
Each wall consists of a stainless steel skin covering a sandwich of two carbon-steel walls with reinforced concrete in the middle from ground level to 300 feet, with carbon steel to the peak. The arch is hollow to accommodate a unique tram system that takes visitors to an observation deck at the top. Twenty feet of the foundation is in bedrock. The arch is resistant to earthquakes and is designed to sway up to 9 inches in either direction while withstanding winds up to 150 miles per hour. The structure weighs 42,878 short tons.
"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Image Courtesy of Flickr and rpkelly22
Sight description based on wikipedia
2) Old CourthouseThe Old Courthouse was a combination federal and state courthouse in St. Louis, Missouri that was Missouri's tallest habitable building from 1864 to 1894 and now is part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. It was designed by the firm of Lavielle and Morton, which also designed the early buildings at Jefferson Barracks as well as the Old Cathedral. In 1839 ground was broken on a courthouse designed by Henry Singleton with four wings including an east wing that comprised the original courthouse and a three-story cupola dome at the center.
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3) One Metropolitan SquareOne Metropolitan Square, also called Met Square, is an impressive skyscraper in Saint Louis. It was built in 1989. The structure stands 181 meters tall, featuring 42 floors and green roofs, and it is still the tallest office building in the city. It was designed by architects Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabaum.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and DaronDierkes
4) Wainwright BuildingThe Wainwright Building is a 10-story red-brick landmark office building at 709 Chestnut Street in downtown St. Louis, Missouri. Built in 1890-91 and designed by Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan, it was among the first skyscrapers in the world. It was named for local financier Ellis Wainwright. The ornamentation for the building is adopted from Notre-Dame de Reims in France. It is described as "a highly influential prototype of the modern office building" by the National Register of Historic Places.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Jack Boucher
Sight description based on wikipedia
5) Thomas F. Eagleton CourthouseThomas F. Eagleton Courthouse is a modern skyscraper in Saint Louis, built in 2000. The structure has a height of 170 meters and 29 storeys. It is the vastest single courthouse in the U.S. with a surface of nearly 90,000 square meters. The building design pursues a classical tripartite scheme. It was designed by architects Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabaum.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Matthew Black
6) St. Louis City HallSaint Louis City Hall is a large stone building erected between 1890 and 1904. It follows the design model of the City Hall in Paris. The inscription "City Hall" can be found above doors at almost all its entrances. The main feature of the building's interior is an impressive white marble rotunda.
Image Courtesy of Flickr and Matthew Black
7) St. Louis Public LibrarySaint Louis Public Library (The Central Library) is one of the most significant buildings from the early twentieth century in the city. It was designed by architect Cass Gilbert in 1912. The structure houses a vast collection of books in various fields of study. The Library regularly hosts organized events such as authors' readings, live music concerts and others.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Garfield226
8) Saint Louis Union StationSaint Louis Union Station was built in 1894 and is a great Romanesque-style structure. Once it was a busy train terminal. It was renovated as one of the most popular attractions of Saint Louis. Under one roof you can find restaurants, a hotel, shops, a lake and other interesting forms of entertainments.
Image Courtesy of Flickr and My Blue Van
Out of the Ordinary Trips in Missouri