Home City Search Saint Louis Famous Architecture Walking Tour in Saint Louis
Famous Architecture Walking Tour in Saint Louis, Saint Louis
Famous Architecture Walking Tour in Saint Louis
Guide Location: USA » Saint Louis
Guide Type: Self-guided city tour
# of Attractions: 8
Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.5 km
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Agent-88
Author: doris
This self-guided walking tour is included in the iOS app "City Maps and Walks (470+ Cities)" in iTunes and the Android app "Saint Louis Map and Walks" in Google Play.
Saint Louis, being located on the Mississippi River is one of America's favorite tourist destinations. It features fascinating European style structures. The city is, in fact, famous for its architecture. Take this walking tour to explore the most amazing architecture that Saint Louis has to offer.
Tour Stops and Attractions
Gateway Arch
1) Gateway Arch
The Gateway Arch, is an arch that is the centerpiece of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in St. Louis. It was built as a monument to the westward expansion of the United States. At 630 feet, it is the tallest man-made monument in the United States. The arch is located at the site of St. Louis' foundation, on the west bank of the Mississippi River.

The Gateway Arch was designed by Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen and German-American structural engineer Hannskarl Bandel in 1947. Construction began on February 12, 1963, and ended on October 28, 1965, costing US$13 million at the time. The monument opened to the public on June 10, 1967. The arch typifies "the pioneer spirit of the men and women who won the West, and those of a latter day to strive on other frontiers." The arch has become the iconic image of St. Louis, appearing in many parts of city culture. Both the width and height of the arch are 630 feet.

Each wall consists of a stainless steel skin covering a sandwich of two carbon-steel walls with reinforced concrete in the middle from ground level to 300 feet, with carbon steel to the peak. The arch is hollow to accommodate a unique tram system that takes visitors to an observation deck at the top. Twenty feet of the foundation is in bedrock. The arch is resistant to earthquakes and is designed to sway up to 9 inches in either direction while withstanding winds up to 150 miles per hour. The structure weighs 42,878 short tons.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Image Courtesy of Flickr and rpkelly22
Sight description based on wikipedia
Old Courthouse
2) Old Courthouse
The Old St. Louis County Courthouse was built as a combination federal and state courthouse in St. Louis. Missouri's tallest habitable building from 1864 to 1894, it is now part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial and operated by the National Park Service for historical exhibits and events.

Land for the courthouse was donated in 1816 by Judge John Baptiste Charles Lucas and St. Louis founder René Auguste Chouteau. The Federal style courthouse was completed in 1828. It was designed by the firm of Lavielle and Morton, which also designed the early buildings at Jefferson Barracks as well as the Old Cathedral.In 1839 ground was broken on a courthouse designed by Henry Singleton, with four wings, including an east wing that comprised the original courthouse and a three-story cupola dome at the center. In 1851 Robert S. Mitchell began a redesign, in which the original courthouse portion on the east wing was torn down and replaced by a new east wing. In 1861 William Rumbold replaced a cupola with an Italian Renaissance cast iron Dome modeled on St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City.

The courthouse building was the tallest building in Missouri and St. Louis until 1896 when Union Station was built. When St. Louis County, Missouri and the city split in 1877, the courthouse became city property. The courthouse formally became part of the new monument area in 1940. Replaced in 1941, the roof was renovated in 1955, 1985, and 2010. The courthouse remained the largest structure in the monument until the Gateway Arch was built in 1965.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Daderot
Sight description based on wikipedia
One Metropolitan Square
3) One Metropolitan Square
One Metropolitan Square, also called Met Square, is an impressive skyscraper in Saint Louis. It was built in 1989. The structure stands 181 meters tall, featuring 42 floors and green roofs, and it is still the tallest office building in the city. It was designed by architects Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabaum.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and DaronDierkes
Wainwright Building
4) Wainwright Building
The Wainwright Building is a 10-story red-brick landmark office building at 709 Chestnut Street in downtown St. Louis, Missouri. Built in 1890-91 and designed by Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan, it was among the first skyscrapers in the world. It was named for local financier Ellis Wainwright. The ornamentation for the building is adopted from Notre-Dame de Reims in France. It is described as "a highly influential prototype of the modern office building" by the National Register of Historic Places. In May 2013 it was listed by a PBS program as one of "10 Buildings That Changed America" because it was "the first skyscraper that truly looked the part" with Sullivan being dubbed the "Father of Skyscrapers."
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Jack Boucher
Sight description based on wikipedia
Thomas F. Eagleton Courthouse
5) Thomas F. Eagleton Courthouse
Thomas F. Eagleton Courthouse is a modern skyscraper in Saint Louis, built in 2000. The structure has a height of 170 meters and 29 storeys. It is the fifth tallest habitable building in Missouri. It is the vastest single courthouse in the U.S. with a surface of nearly 90,000 square meters. The building design pursues a classical tripartite scheme. It was designed by architects Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabaum.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Matthew Black
St. Louis City Hall
6) St. Louis City Hall
Saint Louis City Hall is a large stone building erected between 1890 and 1904; it was designed by Harvey Ellis in the Renaissance Revival style. It follows the design model of the City Hall in Paris. The inscription "City Hall" can be found above doors at almost all its entrances. The main feature of the building's interior is an impressive white marble rotunda.
Image Courtesy of Flickr and Matthew Black
St. Louis Public Library
7) St. Louis Public Library
The library was founded as a members-only private library in 1865 with a collection of 1,500 books. It was opened to the public in 1874 and reestablished as a publicly supported free lending library in 1893-94, by which time the collection included 90,000 books. In 1901, Andrew Carnegie made a large donation which was used for expansion, including building the current central library. By 1938 the collection included 900,000 items, and by 2014, 4,600,000 items. Nowadays the central Saint Louis Public Library is one of the most significant buildings from the early twentieth century in the city. It was designed by architect Cass Gilbert in 1912. The structure houses a vast collection of books in various fields of study. The Library regularly hosts organized events such as authors' readings, live music concerts and others.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Garfield226
Sight description based on wikipedia
Saint Louis Union Station
8) Saint Louis Union Station
St. Louis Union Station, a National Historic Landmark, was a passenger train terminal in St. Louis, Missouri. Once the world's largest and busiest train station; In the 1940s, it handled 100,000 passengers a day. As airliners became the preferred mode of long-distance travel and railroad passenger services declined in the 1950s and 1960s, the massive station became obsolete and too expensive to maintain for its original purpose. It was converted in the early 1980s into a hotel, shopping center, and entertainment complex. Today, it serves only local rail transit passengers. At its height, the station combined the St. Louis passenger services of 22 railroads, the most of any single terminal in the world.
Image Courtesy of Flickr and My Blue Van
Sight description based on wikipedia
Attractions Map
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