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Maastricht Landmarks Tour, Maastricht
Maastricht Landmarks Tour
Guide Location: Netherlands » Maastricht
Guide Type: Self-guided city tour
# of Attractions: 8
Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.4 km
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Demeester
Author: ellen
This self-guided walking tour is included in the iOS app "City Maps and Walks (470+ Cities)" in iTunes and the Android app "Maastricht Map and Walks" in Google Play.
Maastricht has many secrets, legends and myths. The old fortified city was the site of many battles. Parts of the city's 13th-century fortifications remain today. In addition to the walls, you can see old gates and bastions, forts and casements, the oldest bridge in the country, as well as beautiful parks and squares with notable sculptures and monuments. Take this tour to discover Maastricht's important historic landmarks!
Tour Stops and Attractions
Sint Servaasbrug
1) Sint Servaasbrug
Sint Servaasbrug is an arched stone footbridge across the Meuse River in Maastricht. It is named after Saint Servatius, the first bishop of Maastricht, and (despite being largely rebuilt after World War II) it has been called the oldest bridge in the Netherlands. The Sint Servaasbrug connects pedestrian traffic from the Binnenstad district of Maastricht on the west bank of the Meuse to the Wyck district on the east bank.

The bridge is made of limestone, and in its current configuration it is 160 metres (525 ft) long and 9 metres (30 ft) wide. Its seven arches each span approximately 12 metres (39 ft), and are supported by seven piers. A separate steel draw bridge with a span of 54.5 metres (178 ft 10 in) connects the east end of the bridge to the east bank of the river.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Saturn V
Sight description based on wikipedia
De Hoeg Brögk (High Bridge)
2) De Hoeg Brögk (High Bridge)
De Hoeg Brögk (Hoge Brug) is a bicycle and pedestrian bridge over the River Maas. It opened in 2003 to connect the Old City of Maastrciht and the Ceramique district. The bridge was designed by architect René Greisch. This steel arch bridge is 261 m long, 7.20 m wide and 10 m tall. The bridge starts at City Park on the left bank of the River Maas and ends at Square 1992 on the right bank.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Hermann Luyken
Pater Vinktoren
3) Pater Vinktoren
Pater Vinktoren, or Father Vinck Tower, is located next to Helpoort. It is part of the Second City Walls and is the point of connection with the First City Walls. The tower was built to defend the Jeker gateway and its construction was finished between 1370 and 1380. In 1880 Pater Vinktoren was almost completely destroyed, but it was fully restored in 1906 by architect W. Sprenger, It was then named after Father Servatius Vinck, a Franciscan priest who was executed in 1638. The tower has two floors. The first floor gives way to the parapet and the second can be accessed from the staircase built on the city side.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Otter
4) Helpoort
Helpoort, or Hell's Gate, is the oldest city gate in the country. It got its name due to the fact that prisoners were kept in its tower. Construction of the gate, commissioned by Henry I, began in 1229; it is a part of the First City Walls and served as the southeastern entrance to the city. When the Second City Walls were constructed in the 15th century, the gate was no longer needed as an entrance to the city. Over the years, it served as a residence, storage space and workshop. Today the gate houses a museum dedicated to the history of Maastricht's fortifications. You can visit daily from 1:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Vijverln
De Vijf Koppen (The Five Heads Bastion)
5) De Vijf Koppen (The Five Heads Bastion)
Maastricht is considered the oldest fortified city in the Netherlands. The city's first defensive walls were constructed in the 13th century. If you enter City Park you can see the white stone fortification that was part of the Third City Wall (Derde Omwalling). It was built in 1516, at the time of the Dutch War of Independence from Spain, and includes two bastions with a gateway between them. The bastion is known as The Five Heads. The story goes that in 1638, when the bastion was called The Three Pigeons, five convicted traitors, one of whom was Pater Vinck, were beheaded and their heads were mounted at the bastion for all to see.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Mark Ahsmann
6) Kazematten
Kazematten is a system of underground tunnels and mining galleries located in the western part of the city. They were used to defend the city from enemies. Kazematten were built between the 16th and 19th centuries and total 14 km in length. The vaulted corridors and walls are built of marlstone. The newest part of the tunnel was built in the 20th century during the Cold War to serve as a shelter in case of a nuclear attack on Maastricht. At the time of WWII, the tunnels could accommodate up to 30,000 people. Kazematten are located in Waldeckpark.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Otter
7) Aldenhofpark
Aldenhofpark is one of the most famous parks in the city. It was founded in 1918 and designed by Pierre Lieven Rosseels. The park is a former bear pit. When you cross the River Jeker you will notice a bronze sculpture of bear sitting on a bench. The other notable monument is De troostmachine (The Consolations Machine), a piece by Michel Huisman, which was completed in 2001. The sculpture consists of a young woman caressing the head of a dead giraffe. The park is also famous for the statue of the legendary D’Artagnan who died in 1673 in Maastricht. “One for all, all for one” is written on the pedestal. The eyes of the Musketeer, who is drawing his sword, speak of firmness. The statue is a tribute to a noble man's courage, as he remained true to his king and comrades.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Mark Ahsmann
Fort Sint Pieter
8) Fort Sint Pieter
Fort Sint Pieter is a city fort constructed from 1701 to 1702 to defend Maastricht from attacks. It is located south of the city on the Sint-Pietersberg Hill that towers 171 m above the sea. Construction of the fort was commissioned by the military governor Daniel Wolff, and it was built in the form of a pentagon. In 1717 it welcomed Tsar Peter the Great of Russia. In 1794 the fort was attacked by the French army. The fort served as an important city defense until it was removed in 1867. The last renovation of the fort took place in 2008. Today there is a tavern located here.
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Pierre Vossen
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