Guide Location: Turkey » Istanbul
Guide Type: Self-guided city tour
# of Attractions: 8
Tour Duration: 3 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.7 km
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Eloquence
Istanbul, known as Constantinople in the Middle Ages, was the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire for over a millennium. Although conquered by the Ottomans in 15th century, the city still preserves many signs of its imperial Roman past that reflect the might and splendor of this long vanished empire.
Tour Stops and Attractions
1) Theodosian Wall of ConstantinopleThe Theodosian Wall, stood firm for over 11 centuries and was breached by enemy assault only once, and that marked the end of the Byzantine Empire. The medieval fortification is comprised of an outer wall, a moat, an inner wall, and over 78 battle...
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Dick Osseman
2) Gate of CharisiusGate of Charisius is also known as Adrianople gate as it led into the city. It was exactly through this gate that the first Sultan of the Ottoman empire entered the city of Constantinople, in triumph. The gate is located at the highest of the seven hills and is the second most important gate after the Golden Gate. This is also the place from where the defense of the city was mounted by the last Byzantine...
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Johann H. Addicks
3) Chora ChurchThe Chora Church is better known as the Church of Holy Savior in Chora, and it is one of the most relevant surviving examples of an original Byzantine church. It contains the second largest number of surviving Byzantine Mosaics, after the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul today.
The Chora Church is located to the south of the Golden Horn, in the district of Fatih, in the neighborhood of Edirnekpi. The original church was built outside the walls of Constantinople, during the fourth century. The church...
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Andreas Wahra
4) Palace of the PorphyrogenitusThe Palace of the Porphyrogenitus is also called the Tekfur Sarayı which translates to "Palace of the Sovereign" from the Turkish language. This is a thirteenth century Byzantine Palace located in the North West part of Istanbul. This palace is actually an annex of the great palace complex of Blachernae, and today, it is one of the only intact examples of Byzantine architecture in the world.
Constructed during the twelfth or the thirteenth century, the palace was built as a part...
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5) Church of St. Mary of BlachernaeThe church of St. Mary of Blachernae is an Eastern Orthodox Church, located in the Fatih district in the neighborhood of Ayvansaray. It is just a short walk from the Golden Horn, and the complex consisting of the church itself and a garden, is protected by a high wall. The church was built in 1867 and dedicated to St. Mary of Blachernae, whose shrine was erected here in the fifth century by Empress Aelia Pulcheria and her husband Emperor Marcian. The shrine was destroyed in 1434, and until its...
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and A. Fabbretti
6) Ecumenical Patriarchate of ConstantinopleThe Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople is also known as the Rum Ortodoks Patrikhanesi, which translates to the "Roman Orthodox Patriarchate" from the Turkish language. This is part of the wider Orthodox Church and headed by Bartholomew I the current Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. This is also one of the 14 autocephalous churches that are within the communion of Orthodox Christianity. Its location at the former capital of the Byzantine Empire, now Istanbul, makes it...
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Adam Carr
7) The Church of the Holy ApostlesThe Church of the Holy Apostles present in Istanbul was at one time, one of the most important churches in Christendom. Even though the church no longer survives, its site is worth a visit for its great historical significance.
The church was originally built by Constantine the Great and later, it was also rebuilt by Emperor Justinian I. It was the burial place of great Byzantine Emperors and also the Patriarchs of Constantinople from the fourth century to the eleventh century. The relics of...
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8) Valens AqueductThe Valens Aqueduct is called Bozdoğan Kemeri, in the Turkish language, which means "Aqueduct of the grey falcon". This is a Roman aqueduct which provided most of the water of the capital of the Eastern Roman empire, Constantinople, and now Istanbul. The aqueduct was completed by Roman Emperor Valens in the fourth century AD and it was restored several times by Ottoman Sultans.
The aqueduct is located in the district of Fatih, and is present between the hills that are occupied by...
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and CrniBombarder!!!.
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