Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, Rome

Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, Rome

The Vatican Apostolic Library (Latin: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana), more commonly called simply the Vatican Library, is the library of the Holy See, currently located in Vatican City. It is one of the oldest libraries in the world and contains one of the most significant collections of historical texts. Formally established in 1475, though in fact much older, it has 75,000 codices from throughout history. From July 2007, the library had been temporarily closed to the public for rebuilding, and reopened in September 2010.

Pope Nicholas V established the library in the Vatican in 1448 by combining some 350 Greek, Latin and Hebrew codices inherited from his predecessors with his own collection and extensive acquisitions, among them manuscripts from the imperial Library of Constantinople. When its first librarian, Bartolomeo Platina, produced a listing in 1481, the library held over 3,500 items, making it by far the largest in the Western world. Around 1587, Pope Sixtus V commissioned the architect Domenico Fontana to construct a new building for the library; it is still in use today. Books were displayed on benches to which they were chained.

Today, the library holds some 75,000 manuscripts and over 1.1 million printed books, which include some 8,500 incunabula. The Vatican Secret Archives were separated from the library at the beginning of the 17th century; they contain another 150,000 items. Among the most famous holdings of the library is the Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209, the oldest known nearly complete manuscript of the Bible. The Secret History of Procopius was discovered in the library and published in 1623. The Vatican Library is a research library for history, law, philosophy, science and theology, open to anyone who can document their qualifications and research needs. Photocopies for private study of pages from books published between 1801 and 1990 can be requested in person or by mail.
Sight description based on wikipedia

This sight is featured in a self-guided walking tour of Rome, Italy within the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" which can be downloaded from iTunes App Store or Google Play. Please download the app to your mobile phone or tablet for travel directions for visiting this sight. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana on Map

Sight Name: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana
Sight Location: Rome, Italy
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) containing this sight: Vatican Walking Tour  

Walking Tours in Rome, Italy

Create Your Own Walk in Rome

Create Your Own Walk in Rome

Creating your own self-guided walk in Rome is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Vatican Walking Tour

Vatican Walking Tour

Vatican City is a landlocked sovereign city-state consisting of an enclave within the city of Rome, it is the smallest recognized independent state in the world. The Vatican is one of the most sacred places in Christendom, it attests to a great history and a formidable spiritual venture. Although only 44 hectares in overall surface, the Vatican features several worthwhile places to see, such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.5 km
Classical Sites Walking Tour

Classical Sites Walking Tour

Rome's glory didn't end with the fall of the Roman empire, it continued as a melting point of culture and creativity for centuries. Today, the city is a fabulous architectural patchwork, a living masterpiece, and a true tribute to its history. This tour is the perfect introduction to Rome's famous classical sites.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.4 km
Souvenir Shopping Tour

Souvenir Shopping Tour

It would be a pity to leave Rome without having explored its specialty shops and bringing home something truly original. We've compiled a list of gifts and souvenirs, which are unique to Rome, that a visitor might like to purchase to reflect their visit.

Tour Duration: 3 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 6.5 km
Monti and Celio Walking Tour

Monti and Celio Walking Tour

Take this tour to explore the Monti and Celio rioni (districts). Celio is the 19th rione of Rome, its coat of arms features an elephant headdress with golden tusks on a silver background, in memory of an African bust that was found in via Capo d'Africa. Monti is actually the first rione, its name literally means "mountains". Monti's coat of arms consists of three green mountains on a silver background, since the rione originally encompassed the Esquiline and the Viminal Hills, and parts of the Quirinal and the Caelian Hills.

Tour Duration: 3 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.9 km
Colosseum to Pantheon Walking Tour

Colosseum to Pantheon Walking Tour

The say, “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” and that undoubtedly implies appreciating the enormous historical and architectural richness of the city, often – and rightly so – referred to as “eternal”. Stretching from Colosseum to Pantheon, this 3km-walk invites you to explore the most notable attractions of the Italian capital, including the Arch of Constantine, Palatine Hill, Roman Forum, Capitoline Hill and more.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.1 km
Pinciano Cultural Walk

Pinciano Cultural Walk

Pinciano is the 3rd rione (district) of Rome, it is located in the north of the city, close to the Aurelian walls. Pinciano is home to the Pincio Gardens, an impressive park within the city of Rome. Take this tour to explore the Pinciano rioni and visit such famous sites as the Galleria Borghese, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, National Etruscan Museum, and Bioparco.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.8 km

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