Fortezza Medicea, Siena

Fortezza Medicea, Siena (must see)

The Fortezza Medicea, or Medici Fortress, is located near the San Prospero District of Siena, next to the Stadio Artemio Franchi. It is also known as the Fort of Santa Barbara. The Medici Fortress was commissioned by Cosimo di Medici after the conquest of the city by the Florentines. It was built on the site of an earlier fort built by the king of Spain, Charles V, after the Spanish army conquered Siena in 1548. In 1552, the Sienese revolted against the Spanish and razed the fort to the ground. Cosimo I built the fortress on the site, to prevent a further revolt by the Sienese, in 1560.

At first, the Medici Fortress had an L shape. After the Medici family completely established their power over Siena, their military engineer, Baldassarre Lanci, rebuilt the fort and gave it a square shape. On each of the four corners is an imposing brick built rampart, and on three of these the Medici coat of arms stands above the head of a lion. On the fourth, south facing corner, however, there is only the head of a lion. The fortress was demilitarized only at the end of the eighteenth century, at which point it became part of the city’s public life. In 1937, following a major restoration, the fortress was transformed into its present condition as a public park. It houses an Enoteca (a commercial center focused on the local wine industry) and frequently hosts art exhibitions. It is also used for festivals and concerts and is home to the Siena Jazz foundation. The fortress is a substantial structure, with internal dimensions of approximately 180 by 125 meters and external dimensions of about 270 by 200 meters. If the outer wall is included, the structure has an external perimeter of approximately 1,500 meters.
Sight description based on wikipedia

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Fortezza Medicea on Map

Sight Name: Fortezza Medicea
Sight Location: Siena, Italy (See walking tours in Siena)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Siena, Italy

Create Your Own Walk in Siena

Create Your Own Walk in Siena

Creating your own self-guided walk in Siena is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Siena Introduction Walking Tour

Siena Introduction Walking Tour

The historic city of Siena in Italy's Tuscany, founded by ancient Etruscans, is laden with monuments. Among them are numerous medieval sculptures, some dating back as far as the 13th century, an unfinished Gothic cathedral by Niccolo Pisano and Donatello, and others. To find out more about the riches of Siena, follow this orientation walk and explore the city's top attractions.

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.6 Km or 2.9 Miles
Museum Tour of Siena

Museum Tour of Siena

Siena is famous for its museums, which preserve a great number of cultural masterpieces. The museums of Siena showcase paintings, sculptures and frescoes that date back to ancient times. You can also get aсquainted with other objects related to the cultural and historical development of the city. If you want to feel the spirit of Siena, visit the notable museums included on this tour.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.6 Km or 1 Miles
Siena Sightseeing Tour

Siena Sightseeing Tour

Siena is a beautiful medieval city situated in the center of the Toscana region. As a city with a rich history, it has a lot of cultural and historical attractions to offer visitors. The following tour will lead you to the most famous sights of Siena.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.0 Km or 1.9 Miles
Siena's Historical Buildings Tour

Siena's Historical Buildings Tour

Siena is the city of ancient architecture. You can observe architectural styles from different periods of history in Siena's imperious castles, palaces and other historic buildings. Be sure to visit Siena's most important historic structures that are found on this tour.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.6 Km or 1 Miles
Top Religious Buildings

Top Religious Buildings

Churches in Siena have both historical and cultural value, as almost every one of them is decorated with Renaissance art. Some of the masterpieces date back to the 13th century. A walking tour of Siena's places of worship is the best way to learn about the cultural and spiritual center of the city. Take this tour to visit some of Siena's most famous churches.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.5 Km or 2.2 Miles