Ljubljanski grad, Ljubljana

Ljubljanski grad, Ljubljana (must see)

Ljubljanski grad is a medieval castle in Ljubljana. It is located on Castle Hill overlooking the old town.

According to archeological surveys, the area of the present castle has been settled continuously since 1200 BC, when the first settlements and later fortifications were built. The hill summit probably became a Roman army stronghold after fortifications were built in Illyrian and Celtic times.

The oldest mention of Ljubljana Castle is inscribed on a parchment sheet Nomina defunctorum (names of the dead), which is kept by the Udine Cathedral Archive. It dates from 1112 till 1125. It mentions the nobleman Rudolf of Tarcento, a laywer of the Patriarchate of Aquileia, who had bestowed a canon with 20 farmsteads beside the castle of Ljubljana (castrum Leibach) to the Patriarchate. In 1144 Ljubljana Castle was mentioned as a property and the seat of the Carinthian dukes of the House of Spanheim. In 1335 it became property of the House of Habsburg. In the 15th century it was almost completely demolished and rebuilt with a complete wall and towers at the entrance, where a drawbridge was placed. A chapel was also built at that time. In the 16th and 17th centuries, other objects were gradually built.

The castle's purpose was to defend the empire against Ottoman invasion as well as peasant revolt. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the castle became an arsenal and a military hospital. It was damaged during the Napoleonic period and, once back in the Austrian Empire, became a prison, which it remained until 1905, resuming that function during World War II. The castle's Outlook Tower dates to 1848; this was inhabited by a guard whose duty it was to fire cannons warning the city in case of fire or announcing important visitors or events.

Because it was not a home of a ruler or another important noble person and because a fortification in the area was no longer required, the castle started to lose its importance. The maintenance costs were too high so the castle began to crumble. In the 19th century, the castle was redesigned partially as a prison and partially as a military stronghold, making it less popular among the citizens. Several famous people were jailed in the castle, including the Italian revolutionary Silvio Pellico, the Hungarian Prime Minister Lajos Batthyany and the Slovene author Ivan Cankar.

In 1905, the castle was bought by Municipality of Ljubljana, on the explicit wish of the mayor, Ivan Hribar, who planned to establish a city museum in it. The plan was however not carried out. Instead, the city decided to settle poor families into it. The residents stayed there until the mid-1960s, when preparations for renovation of the castle began.

At the end of the 1960s, the long and extensive renovation works started. The whole renovation took more than 35 years. In the 1990s, the use of the castle as a place for weddings and cultural events began. The Ljubljana Castle funicular, a funicular railway to the top of Castle Hill, was built in 2006 and brought to service on 28 December 2006. The hill also features a 1974 monument by the sculptor Stojan Batič dedicated to the Slovene peasant revolts (especially to the Slovene peasant revolt of 1515 and the Croatian and Slovenian peasant revolt of 1573). It is also a tourist attraction.
Sight description based on wikipedia

This sight is featured in a self-guided walking tour in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" which can be downloaded on iTunes App Store or Google Play. Please download the app to your mobile phone or tablet for travel directions for visiting this sight. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline so no data plan is needed.

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Sight Map

Sight Name: Ljubljanski grad
Sight Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) containing this sight: City Orientation Walk  

Walking Tours in Ljubljana, Slovenia

Create Your Own Walk in Ljubljana

Create Your Own Walk in Ljubljana

Creating your own self-guided walk in Ljubljana is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Famous Museum Walk in Ljubljana

Famous Museum Walk in Ljubljana

One of the best ways to discover the rich heritage of Slovenia is to pay a visit to the local museums. However, if you've had enough of history, you can always escape to a more unusual place, like the Museum of Brewery, for example. Sounds interesting? Then take this tour and have fun in Ljubljana's museums.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.5 km
Made in Slovenia Shopping Tour

Made in Slovenia Shopping Tour

A walk through numerous small shops in Ljubljana, selling authentic Slovenian products, will have you will find everything, from folk instruments to the finest lace in Slovenia. Even if you are short on budget, a trip to these shops will surely enrich your knowledge of Slovenia and Ljubljana. Do not hesitate to take this tour and experience Ljubljana's shopping first-hand.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.0 km
Cultural Walk

Cultural Walk

Ljubljana is the cultural center of Slovenia, therefore you will most certainly find here a cultural venue to your liking. Discover Ljubljana's cultural scene by visiting the museums and galleries listed on this tour.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.0 km
Religious Sights in Ljubljana

Religious Sights in Ljubljana

Ljubljana is a great religious center. It has Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist and Evangelical churches, the most remarkable of which being the Franciscan Church situated in the center of the city. Take this tour to discover the holy sights of Ljubljana.

Tour Duration: 3 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.2 km
Landmarks Walking Tour

Landmarks Walking Tour

Pretty much like any other European capital, Ljubljana has extraordinary heritage. Over the years, the city has accumulated an extensive collection of monuments, both architectural and historic - buildings, squares, bridges. Take this tour to see some of Ljubljana's most prominent landmarks.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.2 km
Shopping Experience in Ljubljana

Shopping Experience in Ljubljana

Have you ever wondered what shopping in Ljubljana is really like? Well, now you have the chance to find out. Narrow streets packed with small shops, squares hosting covered markets - this is Ljubljana. Our tour will take you to some of the most famous shops and markets in the city. Feel free to explore any other shop along the way too.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.5 km