Italy, Rome Guide (B): Exploring the Imperial Ruins of Rome’s Palatine Hill

Exploring the Imperial Ruins of Rome’s Palatine Hill
If you love archaeology and history, then a visit to Palatine Hill is a must if you’re ever in Rome. It’s just a short walk from the Roman Colosseum and the Roman Forum, and you can easily spend half a day here exploring the ruins of a bygone era.

Pre-historic Occupation and the Myth of Romulus and Remus

Archaeological excavations show that people inhabited Palatine Hill as early as the 10th Century BC. It’s also considered to be the birthplace of the Italian capital. The story goes back to the myth of Romulus and Remus. Born of a vestal virgin and the god Mars, Palatine Hill was the location of the Lupercal cave, where the she-wolf Lupa found them and kept them alive.

The twins grew up and eventually set out to build their own city. Remus wanted to build on Aventine Hill, while Romulus wanted to build on Palatine Hill. They fought, and Romulus, or his supporters, killed Remus. Romulus went on to found the city of Rome, and reigned as its first king.

Upper class citizens built their palaces here, not only for the prestige, but for the incredible views. In fact, the word palace comes from the proper name of Palatine Hill.

A view of the Roman Forum from Palatine Hill. S. Francesca Romana bell tower is in the background.

The Home of the Emperors

One man in particular, named Gaius Octavius Thurinus, was born on Palatine Hill in 63 BC. When he became the first Emperor of the Roman Empire in 27 BC and changed his name to Augustus, he built his ...... (follow the instructions below for accessing the rest of this article).
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Sights Map

Guide Name: Exploring the Imperial Ruins of Rome’s Palatine Hill
Guide Location: Italy » Rome
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Article (B))
Sight(s) featured in this guide: Palatine Hill   Domus Aurea   Stadium of Domitian   Flavian Palace   The Farnese Gardens  
Author: Darlene Fisher
Read it on author's website:

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