Baku Places of Worship Tour, Baku (Self Guided)

While Azerbaijan is a predominantly Islamic country, there are also a number of Catholic and Orthodox churches in Baku, as well as Jewish synagogues. The city is most famous for its old mosques, which go all the way back to the 11th Century and are Baku’s top attraction for many visitors. Take our Places of Worship tour to see all the most prominent sacred sites in the city.
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Baku Places of Worship Tour Map

Guide Name: Baku Places of Worship Tour
Guide Location: Azerbaijan » Baku (See other walking tours in Baku)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 8
Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.4 km
Author: ellen
Teze Pir Mosque

1) Teze Pir Mosque (must see)

Taza Pir Mosque (also Tazapir, Teze Pir, Teze-Pir, Tezepir) is a mosque in Baku, Azerbaijan. It was finished in 1914 and built in honour of the philanthropist.

Construction of the mosque was started in 1905 by architect Ziver bey Ahmadbeyov under the patronage of Nabat Khanum Ashurbayova. After the death of the patron, the construction was suspended. Soon, however, it resumed with the support of her son and was completed in 1914.

Only 3 years after opening the mosque was closed in connection with the October Revolution in 1917. Over the years the mosque functioned as a cinema and a barn, and since 1943 to present day - as a mosque. Akhund of the mosque is the Grand Mufti of the Caucasus Allahshukur Pashazadeh.

Interior of the mosque has an area of 1400 square meters and decorated with ornaments of painting schools of Azerbaijan plus with samples from eastern ornaments. The height of the dome and a half meters. The mihrab and dome of the mosque made of marble, while decorative elements of the mosque, the tops of minarets and labels are made of gold.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
Archangel Michael Church

2) Archangel Michael Church (must see)

The Russian Orthodox Church of Archangel Michael is the oldest church in Baku. Constructed in the 19th Century by marine officials, it was originally named the Naval Church. It even had a prayer hall in the shape of a boat deck. Today the church stands as a fantastic example of Russian Orthodox architecture, with its original gilded decorations still in place as well as many wonderful religious artworks along its walls.
Qasim Bey Mosque

3) Qasim Bey Mosque

While most of Baku’s mosques were built in medieval or pre-medieval times, others were erected at the turn of the 19th Century, including the Qasim Bey Mosque. Financed by a private citizen, this large mosque boasts a beautiful blue dome among many interesting architectural features. It’s one of the most frequented mosques in the city, especially among young Muslims.
St. Gregory the Illuminator's Church

4) St. Gregory the Illuminator's Church (must see)

St. Gregory the Illuminator's Church is a former Armenian Apostolic church in downtown Baku. It was built in 1887 and survived through the radical atheist age of Sovietization, and the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh.

Unlike many places of worship that were subject to demolition throughout the Soviet Union in the 1920s and the 1930s, St. Gregory the Illuminator's Church was the only Armenian church that was not demolished. In 1990, during the exodus and deportation of the entire Armenian population from Azerbaijan, the church was closed down and damaged, and is no longer open to the public.

From 1990 until 2002, its future status remained undetermined. In 2002, the church building underwent renovation and the final decision was made, that its cease of existence as a church is permanent, and the building was taken over by the Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan to be used as one of its libraries. According to the Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan which now owns the building, the former Armenian Church is not intended to be a place of worship again and the cross was removed from the dome of the church. The repair works were carried out for this purpose. And the library of the former church consisting of 5,000 books and manuscripts which has been preserved, was transformed into the archive department of the Department of Administration Affairs of the Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
Lezgi Mosque

5) Lezgi Mosque

The Lezgi Mosque is one of the oldest mosques – indeed, building of any kind – in the city. Located in Baku’s Old Town district, it stands today as a religious, historical and cultural landmark of Azerbaijan. It is thought to have been built by Najaf Ashour, son of Ibrahim, in around 1169. Then known as Ashour’s mosque, it got its current name in 1920. Today a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site, it regularly draws worshippers from all over the city.
Mosque Juma (Cuma)

6) Mosque Juma (Cuma) (must see)

The Mosque Juma, or Friday Mosque, is a late 19th Century building erected by a local wealthy man. It sits on a site that is thought to have been the location of an ancient temple of fire worshippers. The current mosque stands out both for its cone-shaped dome and colorful ornamented tiles. The minaret which adjoins the mosque has been in place since 1437, and today represents an excellent example of traditional Azerbaijan architecture.
Muhammad Mosque

7) Muhammad Mosque

Muhammad Mosque in Baku (Siniggala Mosque) – was built in the XI century in Icheri Sheher, Baku. The mosque is also known as Siniggala, for the name of its minaret – Siniggala (“damaged tower”). The mosque acquired its second name in 1723, when military squadron of Russian army, consisting of 15 warships and led by Admiral Matyushkin approached the city from seaside and demanded its surrender. Russian warships began to bomb the city after refusal. One of the shells hit in the minaret of Muhammad Mosque and damaged it. At that time blew stormy wind and took the Russian ships away to the sea. Population of the city interpreted it as a divine scourge sent to the occupants. From that time till the middle of the XIX century minaret of the mosque wasn’t reconstructed and was the symbol of persistence and courage of defendants of the tower.

It is the first building in Azerbaijan, which is related to Islam and dated for its architectural ligature.

According to Arabic inscription which was saved in front of doorway of northern wall of the mosque, it was built by ustad-rais Muhammad the son of Abu Bakr in 471 of Hijra. It means that the architect was not only a master-ustad, but also a rais-head of artificers’ corporation.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
Shirvanshahs Palace Mosque

8) Shirvanshahs Palace Mosque (must see)

The Palace of the Shirvanshahs is a massive complex from the Middle Ages that includes a palace, mosque, mausoleum and gates. The Palace Mosque (from the 1430s) is situated in the lower court of the complex. It has two chapels for prayer for men and women, as well as a tall minaret. There is an inscription on the minaret which reads, "The greatest Soltan Khalilullah I ordered to build this minaret. May Allah exalt the days of his governing and reign. The year of 845" (1441-1442).

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia

Walking Tours in Baku, Azerbaijan

Create Your Own Walk in Baku

Create Your Own Walk in Baku

Creating your own self-guided walk in Baku is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Baku Monuments Tour

Baku Monuments Tour

The city of Baku is famous for its beautiful architecture, but the Azerbaijani capital is also home to numerous remarkable statues and monuments. Created over the course of the last century, these monuments adorn parks and squares throughout the city. They are dedicated to national figures such as poets, writers, dramatists, philosophers and politicians. Take our tour to see the best monuments and...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 7.1 km
Baku Museums Tour

Baku Museums Tour

As the cultural center of Azerbaijan, Baku home to a number of state history and art museums that preserve the country’s national culture and identity. The city also has a number of museums you won’t find anywhere else, such as the Miniature Book Museum and the Carpet Museum. Take our tour to learn about the fascinating history and achievements of Azerbaijan and see some unique exhibits.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.5 km
City Orientation Walk

City Orientation Walk

The city of Baku in Azerbaijan attracts thousands of visitors from all over the world each year to see its unique historical and architectural monuments. The Azerbaijani capital is home to dozens of interesting memorials and statues, picturesque squares and dancing musical fountains. Take this walk to see the most alluring attractions in Baku.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 km
Baku Kids Tour

Baku Kids Tour

Baku is a very friendly city which welcomes families as well as adult travelers. In fact, there are lots of fun places for children to visit here, such as entertainment centers, musical fountains and candy stores. The highlight of the city for most kids is a visit to the Baku Aqua Park. Take our tour to discover the best family-oriented sites in the city.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.7 km
Baku Daily Life Tour

Baku Daily Life Tour

Modern Baku is a city of great contrasts – rich in culture and history, it has managed to combine old Islamic traditions with contemporary lifestyles. Visitors can get a real sense of this atmosphere by taking our Daily Life Tour of Baku’s splendid cafes, parks, cinemas and theatres, where locals live their daily lives.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.6 km
Baku Architecture Tour

Baku Architecture Tour

The city of Baku is an architectural marvel that delights with its historic buildings, grand mansions and cultural diversity. The Old City, for example, is full of fantastic old mosques and palaces that are listed as heritage monuments by UNESCO. The city is especially beautiful at night when it is wonderfully illuminated. Take our tour to see the most impressive architectural sights in Baku.

Tour Duration: 3 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 6.5 km

Tips for Exploring City on Foot at Your Own Pace

Whether you are in Baku for a quick stopover or have a few days to see the city in more detail, exploring it on foot, at your own pace, is definitely the way to go. Here are some tips for you to save money, see the best Baku has to offer, take good care of your feet while walking, and keep your mobile device – your ultimate "work horse" on this trip - well fed and safe.

Taking Care of Your Feet

To ensure ultimate satisfaction from a day of walking around the city as big as Baku, it is imperative to take good care of your feet so as to avoid unpleasant things like blisters, cold or overheated soles, itchy, irritated or otherwise damaged (cracked) skin, etc. Luckily, these days there is no shortage of remedies to address (and, ideally, to prevent) these and other potential problems with feet. Among them: Compression Socks, Rechargeable Battery-Powered Thermo Socks for Cold Weather, Foot Repair Cream, Deodorant Powder, Shoes UV Sterilizer, and many more that you may wish to find a place in your travel kit for.

Travel Gadgets for Your Mobile Device

Your mobile phone or tablet will be your work horse on a self-guided walk. They offer tour map, guide you from one attraction to another, and provide informative background for the sights you wish to visit. Therefore it is absolutely essential to plan against unexpected power outages in the wrong place at the wrong time, much as to ensure the safety of your device.

For these and other contingencies, here's the list of useful appliances: Portable Charger/External Battery Pack, Worldwide Travel Charger Adapter, Power Converter for International Travel Adapter, and Mobile Device Leash.