City Orientation Walk (Self Guided), Melaka

Melaka Town, the capital city of Melaka, the third smallest state in Malaysia, is a listed UNESCO World Heritage Site, renowned for its rich colonial past carefully preserved in the town center architecture. Among the most notable buildings are 16th century Portuguese-built St. Paul’s Church, 18th century Dutch-era Christ Church and the neighboring Stadthuys, the old town hall currently housing a museum of Malaccan history and ethnography. To explore these and other top attractions of Melaka, follow this orientation walk.
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City Orientation Walk Map

Guide Name: City Orientation Walk
Guide Location: Malaysia » Melaka (See other walking tours in Melaka)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 14
Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.3 Km or 1.4 Miles
Author: emma
1
Dutch Square

1) Dutch Square

The Dutch Square was constructed between 1660 and 1700, the terracotta buildings showcase colonial Dutch style: the clock tower, the state house, the church all colored a memorable dusty red, with louvered windows and thick iron doors.
2
Red Clock Tower

2) Red Clock Tower

Melaka's prominent Red Clock Tower is probably one of the city's most famous sights. It is located on Dutch Square in Melaka's Stadhuys, or central, district. It was built during the English colonial period. The clock tower was painted red so it would blend with its surroundings on Dutch Square.
3
Queen Victoria's Fountain

3) Queen Victoria's Fountain (must see)

Queen Victoria's Fountain is a prominent city landmark and is one of the few existing structures left in Melaka from the period of British colonization. This beautiful fountain was created in 1901 as a monument to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee.
4
Christ Church

4) Christ Church (must see)

Christ Church is the oldest functioning Protestant church in Malaysia and is within the jurisdiction of the Lower Central Archdeaconry of the Anglican Diocese of West Malaysia. In 1741 the Dutch burgher community decided to build a new church to replace the aging Bovenkerk. The foundation stone was laid by the Malacca born Captain of the Malacca Burghers, Abraham de Wind. The church was completed 12 years later in 1753 and replaced the Bovenkerk as the primary Dutch Reformed Church in Dutch Malacca.

With the signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, possession of Malacca was transferred to the British East India Company and in 1838, the church was re-consecrated with the rites of the Church of England by the Rt. Rev. Daniel Wilson, the Anglican Bishop of Calcutta and renamed Christ Church. The maintenance of the church was taken over by the Government of the Straits Settlements in 1858.

Originally painted white, the church and the neighboring Stadthuys building was painted red in 1911 and this distinctive color scheme has remained the hallmark of Malacca's Dutch-era buildings since.

The church is built in Dutch Colonial architecture style and is laid out in a simple rectangle of 82 feet by 42 feet. The ceiling rises to 40 feet and is spanned by wooden beams, each carved from a single tree. The original Dutch windows were reduced and ornamented after the British takeover of Malacca and the porch and vestry were built only in the mid-19th century.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
5
St. Paul's Church

5) St. Paul's Church

St. Paul's Church was originally built in 1521. It is located at the summit of St. Paul's Hill and is today part of the Malacca Museum Complex. The original structure of the church was a simple chapel built in 1521, dedicated to the Virgin Mary and known as the Nossa Senhora da Annunciada (Our Lady of Grace). The chapel was built by a Portuguese fidalgo or nobleman, Duarte Coelho.

The chapel was deeded to the Society of Jesus in 1548 by the Bishop of Goa, João Afonso de Albuquerque, with the title deeds received by St. Francis Xavier. The chapel was then further enlarged in 1556 with the addition of a second floor, and a belfry tower was added in 1590. With the conquest of Malacca by the Dutch in 1641, the church was reconsecrated for Dutch Reformed use as St. Paul's Church also known as the Bovernkerk or High Church. When the British occupied Malacca in 1824, the church was used as a powder magazine and was allowed to deteriorate further.

In 1924, the old Portuguese burial vault in the chancel of the church was partially uncovered. Further excavation was done in 1930 by the president of the newly formed Malacca Historical Society, Major C. E. Bone. In 1952, a statue of St. Francis Xavier was erected in front of the ruins of the church in commemoration of the 400th anniversary of his sojourn in Malacca.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
6
Malacca Sultanate Palace

6) Malacca Sultanate Palace (must see)

The Melaka Sultanate Palace is a beautiful imitation of the palace that stood during the period of the Melaka Sultanate. Built at the foot of St. Paul's Hill in 1984, this architectural landmark is now home to the Melaka Cultural Museum, which focuses on the history of the region.
7
A Famosa

7) A Famosa (must see)

A Famosa is among the oldest surviving European architectural remains in Asia. The Porta de Santiago, a small gate house, is the only remaining part of the fortress still standing. The fortress once consisted of long ramparts and four major towers. One was a four-story keep, while the others held an ammunition storage room, the residence of the captain, and an officers' quarters.

The fort changed hands in 1641 when the Dutch drove the Portuguese out of Malacca. The Dutch renovated the gate in 1670, which explains the logo "ANNO 1670" inscribed on the gate's arch.

The fortress changed hands again in the early 19th century when the Dutch handed it over to the British to prevent it from falling into the hands of Napoleon's expansionist France. The English were wary of maintaining the fortification and ordered its destruction in 1806. The fort was almost totally demolished but for the timely intervention of Sir Stamford Raffles, the founder of Singapore, who happened to visit Malacca in 1810. Because of his passion for history, this small gate was spared from destruction.

In late November 2006, a structure part of the fort, believed to be the Middelsburgh Bastion was accidentally uncovered during the construction of 110 meter revolving tower in Malacca Town. Malacca Museums Corporation suspects the structure was built by the Dutch during the Dutch occupation of Malacca from 1641 to 1824.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
8
Bastion House

8) Bastion House

Bastion House is located on Jalan Kota next to A Famosa. It is a historical building that was constructed in 1910 by the British company Dunlop. The building was named Bastion House because it is located very close to the bastions of Fortaleza de Malaca, or the Melaka Fort.
9
Melaka Water Wheel

9) Melaka Water Wheel (must see)

The Melaka Water Wheel is located beside the Melaka River near the tourist information center. Although it is just a replica and no longer functions, the wheel serves as a reminder of the city’s wealthy past, when it was used to fuel Melaka’s booming port trade.
10
Cheng Ho Cultural Museum

10) Cheng Ho Cultural Museum (must see)

This cultural venue is dedicated to the prominent Admiral Cheng Ho and has a variety of exhibits related to the life and times of the famous Admiral. Located on Lorong Hang Jebat in the historic part of the city, this museum will transport you back to the 15th century.
11
Kampong Kling Mosque

11) Kampong Kling Mosque (must see)

Kampung Kling Mosque, or Masjid Kampung Kling, is an old mosque situated at Jalan Tukang Emas. The original structure built by Indian Muslim traders in 1748 was a wooden building and in 1872, it was rebuilt in brick.

The architectural design of the mosque is a cross between Sumatran, Chinese, Hindu, and the Melaka Malay. The minaret, ablution pool and entrance arch were built at the same time with the main building. The mosque also has a blend of English and Portuguese glazed tiles, Corinthian columns with symmetrical arches in the main prayer hall, a Victorian chandelier, a wooden pulpit with Hindu and Chinese-style carvings, and Moorish cast iron lamp-posts in the place of ablution for pre-prayer cleansing. The Department of Museums and Antiquities completed conservation works on the mosque in the 1990's.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
12
Cheng Hoon Teng Temple

12) Cheng Hoon Teng Temple (must see)

The Cheng Hoon Teng temple, or "Temple of Green Cloud", is a Taoist temple situated close to Jalan Tukang Emas, and is the oldest functioning one in Malaysia. Featuring a magnificent main gate along Jalan Tokong, the Cheng Hoon Teng temple consists of a complex of several prayer halls, with a large main prayer hall dedicated to the goddess of mercy, Kuan Yin. One of the features of Cheng Hoon Teng temple is the seven-metre red flag-pole facing the left wing of the main prayer hall, which houses the remains of two of the three Kapitans who contributed to the construction of the temple. Across the road is a traditional opera theatre, which forms a part of the Cheng Hoon Teng temple complex.

The building conforms to the principles of feng shui and covers an area of 4,600 m2. Built in 1645 by Kapitan Lee Wei King with building materials imported from China, Cheng Hoon Teng served as the main place of worship for the local Hoklo (Hokkien) community. The main hall was built by Kapitan Chan Ki Lock in 1704 and was rebuilt in 1801 by Kapitan China Chua Su Cheong, who contributed to the aesthetic structural additions of the building. In 1962, then abbot Seck Kim Seng ordained Houn Jiyu-Kennett, a Zen nun from England and the future founder of the Order of Buddhist Contemplatives, at this temple. In 2003, Cheng Hoon Teng was awarded a UNESCO award for outstanding architectural restoration.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
13
Jalan Hang Jebat (Jonker Street)

13) Jalan Hang Jebat (Jonker Street) (must see)

Jonker Street is also known as Jonker Walk or Jalan Hang Jebat (in the Malay language). It is a pleasant street in Chinatown, which is home to a vast array of stores. Here you will find unique antique items, wood-carved statues, household products, clothing, accessories and souvenirs.
14
Chinatown

14) Chinatown

The oldest Chinatown in Malaysia is Malacca Chinatown and it is one of the few Chinatowns in the world located within a UNSECO World Heritage site.

Walking Tours in Melaka, Malaysia

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