City Orientation Walk, Ulan Bator (Self Guided)

Ulan Bator is Mongolia’s cultural, political, economic and social center. The downtown part of the city abounds in prominent attractions: government buildings, famous landmarks, quality museums and more. Follow this orientation walk to discover the most interesting sights of Ulan Bator.
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City Orientation Walk Map

Guide Name: City Orientation Walk
Guide Location: Mongolia » Ulan Bator (See other walking tours in Ulan Bator)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 15
Tour Duration: 3 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.4 km
Author: leticia
1
Sükhbaatar Square

1) Sükhbaatar Square (must see)

Sükhbaatar Square is the central square in Ulan Bator. It is named after and features a statue of Damdin Sükhbaatar, leader of Mongolia's 1921 revolution. It is located in front of the Saaral Ordon. Major buildings on the square include the Government Palace (built in 1951), the Golomt Bank, the Central Post Office, the Culture Palace and, until 2005, the Sükhbaatar mausoleum. Besides the Sükhbaatar monument in the middle of the square, one can find several other statues, including Genghis Khan and two of his generals in front of the Government House and the Jamsrangiin Sambuu monument in the northwestern corner.
Sight description based on wikipedia
2
Mongolian National Modern Art Gallery

2) Mongolian National Modern Art Gallery (must see)

The Mongolian National Modern Art Gallery (MNMAG) features a wide and remarkable collection of modern and uniquely Mongolian paintings and sculptures. You will enjoy a variety artwork, ranging from impressionistic to nationalistic, interesting Soviet romantic paintings and other wonderful works.
3
The National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet of Mongolia

3) The National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet of Mongolia

The National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet of Mongolia (colloquially called Ulaanbaatar Opera House) opened on 15 May 1963 and made its opening ceremony on 18 May 1963 with Tchaikovsky’s Eugene Onegin.

The repertoire includes classical and national ballet (Swan Lake, The Nutcracker) and opera (Madama Butterfly, La bohème).

The beginnings of a contemporary professional theatre in Mongolia were laid down with the establishment of a National Central Theatre in 1931, which was an extension of the Folk Stadium which was inaugurated in 1927.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
4
Choijin Lama Museum

4) Choijin Lama Museum (must see)

The Choijin Lama Museum is a Mongolian architectural masterpiece of the 19th century. It features precious exhibits of Buddhist art as well as the works of Zanabazar, a prominent 17th century spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism and great artisan. You will find beautiful colorful masks for Tsam dance ceremonies, wonderful bronze figures of gods, striking silk tankas and many other interesting objects.
5
Yünsiyebü Byambyn Rinchen Monument

5) Yünsiyebü Byambyn Rinchen Monument

In front of the National Library of Mongolia in Ulan Bator is the monument to Yünsiyebü Byambyn Rinchen, one of the founders of modern Mongolian literature, a prominent translator and diverse scientist.
6
Marshal Yumzhagiyn Tsedenbal Monument

6) Marshal Yumzhagiyn Tsedenbal Monument

This monument commemorates Yumzhagiyn Tsedenbal, politician, first secretary of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party, chairman of the People’s Republic of Mongolia, and marshal, who governed Mongolia for 40 years. The monument is located in front of the Theatre for Dramatic Arts.
7
Mongolian Artists' Exhibition Hall

7) Mongolian Artists' Exhibition Hall

Located on the corner of Peace Avenue and Chingisiin Örgön Chölöö, the Mongolian Artists' Exhibition Hall offers an interesting view of Mongolian art. Its collection of contemporary art features dramatic pictures, amazing carvings, beautiful tapestries and sculptures.
8
Parliament Building

8) Parliament Building

A very large, wonderfully decorated and very colorful building. It is located on the north side of Sükhbaatar Square, along with a lot of other important buildings in the city. The edifice is an excellent example of a great tandem between the ancient and modern architecture.
9
Genghis Khan Monument

9) Genghis Khan Monument (must see)

In front of the Mongolian Government Palace, in the prominent Sükhbaatar Square, is the statue of Genghis Khan, the national hero, founder, Khan (ruler) and Khagan (emperor) of the prosperous Mongol Empire.
10
National Museum of Mongolia

10) National Museum of Mongolia (must see)

National Museum of Mongolia (formerly the National Museum of Mongolian History) is one of the national museums of Mongolia. The National Museum of Mongolia is a cultural, scientific, and educational organization, which is responsible for the collection, care and interpretation of the objects.

The first museum in Mongolia, which was called the Mongolian National Museum (now the Mongolian Natural History Museum), was established in 1924 and became the basis for other museums, including the National Museum of Mongolian History.

The modern National Museum of Mongolian History was established after the merger of historical, archeological and ethnographical departments of the State Central Museum and the Museum of the Revolution in 1991. It is now located in the facility built for the Museum of the Revolution, which was founded in 1971. The National Museum of Mongolia is currently recognized as one of the leading museums in Mongolia. A significant responsibility for preserving Mongolian cultural heritage therefore lies with the museum. It is also responsible for developing museological guide-lines for museums in the nation.

Opening hours: Summer: 10am - 6pm
Opening hours winter: 10am - 5pm
"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
11
Zanabazar Museum of Fine Art

11) Zanabazar Museum of Fine Art (must see)

The Zanabazar Museum of Fine Art, established in 1966, houses a great collection of excellent works by famous sculptor and artist Zanabazar. The museum also features exceptional works by other well-known Mongolian artists of the 19th and 20th centuries, including wood and stone appliqués and sculptures, an outstanding collection of paintings, carvings, old religious exhibits and much more.

Hours: 9am-5.30pm
12
Geser Sum Monastery

12) Geser Sum Monastery (must see)

Geser Sum Monastery, also known as West Geser Sum, was built between 1919 and 1920 by Guve Zakhar, a practitioner of the Blue religion (Chinese Taoist Buddhism). Located in the central district of Ulan Bator, on the south side of the hill with Dasgan Ovoo, this cultural and historic monument now houses a Buddhist school.
13
Tasgany Ovoo

13) Tasgany Ovoo

Tasgany Ovoo is located 300 meters behind the fine Geser Sum and is certainly worth a visit. This ovoo is a sacred pyramid-shaped collection of stones. On the top of the hill you will notice a 12 meter-high Buddhist monument, the famous Zaany Tolgoi, or Elephant's Head.
14
Gandan Monastery

14) Gandan Monastery (must see)

The Gandantegchinlen Monastery (short name: Gandan), a Tibetan monastery in the Mongolian capital of Ulan Bator, has been restored and revitalized since 1990. It was established in 1835 by the Fifth Jebtsundamba, Mongolia's highest reincarnated lama at the time. The name translates as "Great Place of Complete Joy." It currently has over 150 monks in residence. It features a 26.5 meter-high statue of Migjid Janraisig, a Buddhist bodhisattva also known as Avalokitesvara. This monastery became the principal center of Buddhist learning in Mongolia.
Sight description based on wikipedia
15
Peace Avenue

15) Peace Avenue

Peace Avenue is the main shopping street in the city. Is the place to haggle over cheap clothes, toys, swords or Soviet propaganda pins.
Sight description based on wikipedia

Walking Tours in Ulan Bator, Mongolia

Create Your Own Walk in Ulan Bator

Create Your Own Walk in Ulan Bator

Creating your own self-guided walk in Ulan Bator is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Ulan Bator Shopping Tour

Ulan Bator Shopping Tour

Ulan Bator has plenty of excellent places to shop. You can find a wide selection of traditional Mongolian and Kazakh handicrafts and souvenirs. You can also find a wide assortment of beautiful cashmere products and other popular Mongolian items. Check out the best places to shop in Ulan Bator in the next self-guided tour.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.2 km
City Center Monuments

City Center Monuments

Ulan Bator has a rich and mysterious history. It is home to many historic landmarks and prominent monuments. Among them are the celebrated Genghis Khan Monument, Lenin Monument, Beatles Monument and many others. Take the following tour to visit the famous monuments of Ulan Bator city Center !

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.4 km
Ulan Bator Cultural Walking Tour

Ulan Bator Cultural Walking Tour

Ulan Bator is an interesting travel destination with a unique culture and history. Its outstanding cultural venues, museums and monument will help you discover Mongolia's rich history. Take the following tour to learn about Mongolia's fascinating culture!

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.8 km
City Center Museums

City Center Museums

Ulan Bator does not have many museums, but the ones it does have are definitely worth visiting. Its outstanding Choijin Lama Museum, Victims of Political Persecution Memorial Museum and Museum of Mongolian Costumes welcome visitors to explore Mongolia’s rich history and culture. Take the following tour to visit the museums located in Ulan Bator city Center, all within a pleasant walking...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.7 km

Tips for Exploring City on Foot at Your Own Pace

Whether you are in Ulan Bator for a quick stopover or have a few days to see the city in more detail, exploring it on foot, at your own pace, is definitely the way to go. Here are some tips for you to save money, see the best Ulan Bator has to offer, take good care of your feet while walking, and keep your mobile device – your ultimate "work horse" on this trip - well fed and safe.

Taking Care of Your Feet


To ensure ultimate satisfaction from a day of walking around the city as big as Ulan Bator, it is imperative to take good care of your feet so as to avoid unpleasant things like blisters, cold or overheated soles, itchy, irritated or otherwise damaged (cracked) skin, etc. Luckily, these days there is no shortage of remedies to address (and, ideally, to prevent) these and other potential problems with feet. Among them: Compression Socks, Rechargeable Battery-Powered Thermo Socks for Cold Weather, Foot Repair Cream, Deodorant Powder, Shoes UV Sterilizer, and many more that you may wish to find a place in your travel kit for.

Travel Gadgets for Your Mobile Device


Your mobile phone or tablet will be your work horse on a self-guided walk. They offer tour map, guide you from one attraction to another, and provide informative background for the sights you wish to visit. Therefore it is absolutely essential to plan against unexpected power outages in the wrong place at the wrong time, much as to ensure the safety of your device.

For these and other contingencies, here's the list of useful appliances: Portable Charger/External Battery Pack, Worldwide Travel Charger Adapter, Power Converter for International Travel Adapter, and Mobile Device Leash.