Historic Sights of Carcassonne (Self Guided), Carcassonne

The rich history of Carcassonne has left marks on the appearance of the city. Important vestiges of the fortified walls which had the role to protect the town from invasions are kept until now, as well as valuable buildings and gardens that can all be discovered in this self-guided tour.
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Historic Sights of Carcassonne Map

Guide Name: Historic Sights of Carcassonne
Guide Location: France » Carcassonne (See other walking tours in Carcassonne)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 8
Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.1 Km or 1.3 Miles
Author: Linda
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Ancien Hôpital Général
  • Dôme de l’Ancien Hôpital
  • Bastion de Montmorency
  • Porte Monumentale des Jacobins
  • Bastion du Calvaire
  • Bastion Saint-Martial
  • Jardin André Chénier
  • Pont Marengo
1
Ancien Hôpital Général

1) Ancien Hôpital Général

The Ancient General Hospital was the first health centre of the city of Carcassonne established in 1648. It became the main hospital, which continued to have the same role, when in 1686 Louis XIV demanded the creation of such an establishment in all the cities of the kingdom. In the second half of the eighteenth century, the present facade was built with its monumental gate and the statue of St. Vincent de Paul. After the Revolution it became Hospice, and nowadays the building is the residence centre of the Old Bridge.
2
Dôme de l’Ancien Hôpital

2) Dôme de l’Ancien Hôpital

In 1728, Castanier, the heir of William IV, allowed the construction of a veritable Hotel-Dieu, completed twenty years later. The common rooms on the first floor are arranged in the shape of a Greek cross and in its centre is situated the chapel, allowing the bedridden patients to attend the mass. In 1977, when the hospital was destroyed, all that remained untouched were the dome covered with glazed tiles and the door situated on Georges Brassens Street.
3
Bastion de Montmorency

3) Bastion de Montmorency

In the southern part of the lower city, opposite the Old Bridge, is located the stronghold of Montmorency, developed during the Wars of Religion. It was established in 1540 and houses a small arboretum. But in order to reach the Bastion you need to enter the courtyard of the Clinique du Bastion.
4
Porte Monumentale des Jacobins

4) Porte Monumentale des Jacobins

Porte monumentale des Jacobins, built between 1355 and 1359, is the last vestige of the four doors, and it served as the entrance through the walls of fortifications that surrounded the lower city; it is of great interest and historic value. The gate was rebuilt in 1779 on its original site and took on the appearance that we see nowadays.
5
Bastion du Calvaire

5) Bastion du Calvaire

Bastion du Calvaire or Tour Grosse, is an historic element of the walls of the Lower City erected in 1560. For a long time windmills were situated on this bastion for this cause, and were also called Tour des Moulins. These mills, erected in 1599, had the burden of providing the city with loaves of bread to feed poor people.
6
Bastion Saint-Martial

6) Bastion Saint-Martial

Le Bastion Saint-Martial, a valuable vestige of the city's wall, represents a big mass of circular stone, partly covered with ivy, standing in the middle of the noisy and bustling Boulevard, overlooking the Jardin des Plantes. In 1878 it was decided to build a secular school for boys near the Bastion, known as Ecole du Bastion, and considered an important part of the complex.
7
Jardin André Chénier

7) Jardin André Chénier

Near the Canal du Midi is situated the Jardin André Chénier, which offers to pedestrians beautiful alleys planted with various species of trees and plants. In the middle of the trees emerges a marble column dedicated to Louis XVIII, established here in 1830, the period of time when the settlement of the garden began. You can also see the monument erected in honour of Omer Sarraut, mayor of the city in 1887.
8
Pont Marengo

8) Pont Marengo

The Pont Marengo (Marengo bridge) crosses the Canal du Midi and links Carcassonne to the local railway station. The lock is very busy and a favourite tourist attraction as the canal boats work their way along the canal. The plaque on the bridge dates the work to 1800 or as it also says year 8, measuring time in the new republic. The bridge is named after the Battle of Marengo at which Napoleon defeated the Austrians in 1800. A little way down from the bridge the railway line crosses the canal and here there is a small plaque and garden commemorating the maquisards who were executed here by the Nazis.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia

Walking Tours in Carcassonne, France

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