Historical Landmarks of Trier (Self Guided), Trier

Trier is a beautiful city located on the banks of the Moselle River. It is a city with a lot of ancient and modern landmarks and beautiful structures that display not only the development of Trier, but also the development of Europe. Take this walk and follow the history of the city of Trier from ancient times to the present through its most interesting landmarks.
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Historical Landmarks of Trier Map

Guide Name: Historical Landmarks of Trier
Guide Location: Germany » Trier (See other walking tours in Trier)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 9
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.2 Km or 3.2 Miles
Author: alice
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Amphitheater
  • Imperial Roman Baths (Kaiserthermen)
  • Viehmarkt Roman Baths
  • St. George's Fountain (Georgsbrunnen)
  • Black Gate (Porta Nigra)
  • The Old Crane (Alter Krahnen)
  • The Duty Crane
  • Römerbrücke
  • Barbarathermen

1) Amphitheater (must see)

Amphitheater or ruins of the old Roman amphitheater is a place worth seeing. It is huge and can seat about 25 000 people. The Amphitheater was built in the 1st century and was constantly in use. In the earlier centuries it was used as an arena for gladiator fights and other public presentations. During the 5th century, the sight became a place of refuge for locals from the Germanic invaders. Later the Amphitheater was used as a quarry. Today the Amphitheater is used for festivals and open air concerts.
Imperial Roman Baths (Kaiserthermen)

2) Imperial Roman Baths (Kaiserthermen) (must see)

Imperial Roman Baths (Kaiserthermen) are just ruins now. Still, the ruins show how big and impressive the complex was. The Trier Imperial Roman Baths were once one of the biggest in the world. The Baths from Trier were built upon the orders of Constantine I. The Baths consisted of hot and cold water; there were also sports grounds. They had subterranean passageways. Today the baths are open for visitors to explore.
Viehmarkt Roman Baths

3) Viehmarkt Roman Baths

Viehmarkt Roman Baths is a very interesting sight. It shows a part of the Roman baths complex and the remains of other Medieval structures, including a Capuchin monastery. Viehmarktplatz, where the baths were located, also used to be a cattle market. On the sight, excavations were done and now it is open for visitation. The sight shows a part of the history and development of Trier city. After some serious archaeological excavations, the site was enclosed in a glass cube, so as to better preserve it.
St. George's Fountain (Georgsbrunnen)

4) St. George's Fountain (Georgsbrunnen)

St. George's Fountain is one of the most beautiful fountains in the country. It was built in 1750-1751, by the famous architect John Seiz, the same architect that built the Electoral Palace. The fountain was built in the beautiful Rococo style. It represents the four seasons and on top it is the statue of St. George. The fountain is located at the Kornmarkt.
Black Gate (Porta Nigra)

5) Black Gate (Porta Nigra) (must see)

The Porta Nigra (Latin for black gate) is a large Roman city gate in Trier. It is today the largest Roman city gate north of the Alps and has been designated a World Heritage Site.

The name Porta Nigra originated in the Middle Ages due to the darkened color of its stone, the original Roman name has not been preserved. Locals commonly refer to the Porta Nigra simply as Porta.

The modern appearance of the Porta Nigra goes back almost unchanged to the reconstruction ordered by Napoleon. At the south side of the Porta Nigra, remains of Roman columns line the last 100 m of the street leading to the gate. Positioned where they had stood in Roman times, they give a slight impression of the aspect of the original Roman street that was lined with colonnades.

The gate is today closed for cars, but stands right next to one of the main streets of Trier.

The Porta Nigra, including the upper floors, is open to visitors. In summer, guided tours are also offered by an actor dressed up as and portraying a centurion (a Roman army officer) in full armour.
Sight description based on wikipedia
The Old Crane (Alter Krahnen)

6) The Old Crane (Alter Krahnen) (must see)

The Old Crane or the Alte Krahnen is the oldest standing crane in Trier. It is located on the riverfront of the Moselle River. It was built in 1413 and was used to lift and transport cargo to and from boats. It has two tread-wheels, a double-arm and a rotating conic roof. During the Middle ages it was used a lot and now it stands as a monument of the economic and industrial growth in Germany.
The Duty Crane

7) The Duty Crane

The Duty Crane or the Jüngerer Moselkran is a cargo crane, located on the right bank of the Moselle River, near the then-customs office. It was built in 1774 by John Seiz. It has a rotating roof with two balancing arms. In 1984 it was newly renovated because of some damages. Since the Middle Ages, it represents an important construction in the shipping industry and is a monument of technical progress.

8) Römerbrücke (must see)

Römerbrücke or the Roman Bridge was built in 152 A.D. and it is the oldest bridge in the country. It is still functioning. The majority of the pillars are from the ancient times. Only the arches and the roadway are from the 18th century. Over the centuries, it survived many wars, including WWII. It is an amazing architectural monument and it is a UNESCO World Roman monument.

9) Barbarathermen (must see)

Barbarathermen was one of the biggest and most luxurious baths within the Roman Empire in the 2nd century. The complex was huge, rich and in addition to baths, it had an open pool and sports areas. The baths were functional until the 5th century. During the Middle Ages the spot was used as a quarry. Later, the standing walls of the baths were used to build a Jesuit college. Now the ruins are open for visitation and they still show the magnificence of the ancient sight.

Walking Tours in Trier, Germany

Create Your Own Walk in Trier

Create Your Own Walk in Trier

Creating your own self-guided walk in Trier is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Trier Shopping Walk

Trier Shopping Walk

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Top Religious Sites

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Trier has a long history of Christianity. It is the birth place of Saint Ambrose and the resting place of Saint Paulinus. The Trier Bishops were some of the most powerful men during the Middle ages. This city has a number of fascinating religious structures. Take the walking tour to see some of the most amazing religious buildings not only in Trier, but in Germany as well.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.6 Km or 1.6 Miles
Trier's Architectural Jewels Tour

Trier's Architectural Jewels Tour

Trier is a settlement that has a history dating back to ancient times. It is very famous for being the capital of a Roman province during the Roman Empire. The long history of the city made Trier one of the most beautiful cities in Germany from an architectural point of view. Trier has numerous beautiful architectural buildings that feature various architectural styles and eras. Take the guided...  view more

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Trier Museums Walk

Trier Museums Walk

Trier is the oldest city in Germany. Before the Christian Era, it was the capital city of the local Roman province. An old history, rich in events, gave way to the creation of a number of extremely interesting museums. Take this walk in order to see some of them.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 Km or 1.7 Miles
Trier Introduction Walking Tour

Trier Introduction Walking Tour

Set in the southwest of Germany amid the Moselle wine region, the city of Trier has been in place since the Roman times, attesting to which are a number of well-kept Roman structures, including the Black Gate (Porta Nigra), the ruins of Roman baths, and Römerbrücke - a stone bridge over the Moselle River. Among Trier’s other notable sights is undoubtedly St. Peter's Cathedral (aka Trier...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.4 Km or 3.4 Miles