Mainz Architecture, Mainz (Self Guided)

Mainz architecture is very impressive due to its originality and variety of styles. Inside the city, several buildings date back to the 12th century and medieval times. Despite the devastating effects of World War II, these buildings have also survived and are cherished today by many.
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Mainz Architecture Map

Guide Name: Mainz Architecture
Guide Location: Germany » Mainz (See other walking tours in Mainz)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 9
Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.9 km
Author: ellen
House of Parliament (Deutschhaus)

1) House of Parliament (Deutschhaus)

The Deutschhaus is the seat of the Rhineland-Palatinate Landtag in Mainz. The baroque palace was built from 1729-1740 for Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg, Prince-elector and Archbishop of Mainz 1729-1732. The building was constructed in a style influenced by French Baroque architecture. It consists of a main building and two pavilions around a central court. One of the pavilions contained a chapel with frescoes by Christoph Thomas Scheffler. During World War II, the building was heavily damaged. Reconstruction was completed in 1951. The new building has been used as plenary building of the Landtag ever since.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
Jüngerer Dalberger Hof

2) Jüngerer Dalberger Hof

The Jüngerer Dalberger Hof was completed in 1718. It was built by lords of Dalberg to replace the no longer befitting Elder Dalberger Hof. The building was constructed in Rhine Franconian Baroque style. During the Second World War it was damaged and later reconstructed. The palace features beautiful architectural elements in its façade with a Dalberger emblem on the portal. The emblem is framed by a magnificent cartouche, two flower garlands on the both sides and two little cherubs sitting and holding them.
St. Emmeran Church

3) St. Emmeran Church

The Catholic parish of Saint Emmeran was founded in the 8th century. Significant modifications in the infrastructure were made in the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries. The main tower, constructed in the end of the 12th century, has survived. During the Baroque period (1700-1701) the original diamond roof and an additional bell chamber with a lantern were added. The tower has four floors. Today, the church houses the Italian parish of St. Emmeran.
Mainz Cathedral

4) Mainz Cathedral (must see)

Mainz Cathedral or St. Martin's Cathedral is located near the historical center and pedestrianized market square of the city. This 1000 year-old Roman Catholic cathedral is the site of the Episcopal see of the Bishop of Mainz. Mainz Cathedral is predominantly Romanesque in style, but later exterior additions over many centuries have resulted in the appearance of various architectural influences seen today. The first post-Romanesque addition to the cathedral was the western rood screen. This was done in the Gothic style at the time of the western renovations. Following this example, the intersect area was heavily renovated in the next few centuries in the Gothic style. The interior of the cathedral houses tombs and funerary monuments of former powerful Electoral-prince-archbishops, or Kurfürst-Erzbischöfe, of the diocese and contains religious works of art spanning a millennium. The cathedral also has a central courtyard and statues of Saint Boniface and The Madonna on its grounds.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
State Theatre (Mainz Staatstheater)

5) State Theatre (Mainz Staatstheater)

As previously mentioned, Mainz's theatrical life has a very long and prosperous history, clearly evident at The State Theatre. The theatre has received international recognition and offers a wide range of programs, including opera, orchestra, drama and ballet performances which equal approximately 500 performances a year.

6) Kirschgarten

Kirschgarten is one of the most picturesque corners in old town Mainz, as several half-timbered houses are placed on parallel lines. In 1976-1979 Kirschgarten was renovated extensively. Zum Aschaffenberg, located in the Kirschgarten, is the oldest half-timbered house of the city and dates back to 1500. There is also a famous fountain, called the Virgin Mary.
St. Stephen's Church

7) St. Stephen's Church (must see)

The Collegiate Church of St. Stephan is a Gothic hall collegiate church, which was originally built in 990 at the order of Archbishop Willigis. The church was founded on top of the highest hill in the town. The current church building dates from the late medieval era; construction of the main area of the church began in about 1267 and was completed in 1340. The successional building kept the guidelines of the floor plan of the original building and with it the design as a double quire church.

St. Stephan is the oldest Gothic hall church in the Upper Rhinedistrict, and is (besides Mainz Cathedral) the most important church in the city of Mainz. Only a few changes have been made to the church since the 14th century. The cloister, for instance, was added between 1462 and 1499 to the southern side of the church, and the outer face of the church was updated during the Baroque period.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
Court of Ostein (Osteiner Hof)

8) Court of Ostein (Osteiner Hof)

The Osteiner Hof is one of several Baroque-era palatial mansions along Schillerplatz square in the city of Mainz. The mansion, along the southern edge of the square, was built in 1747-1752. Characteristic features for this building are the three round protrusions (risalits) at the front entrance and on the two corners. The building is lavishly decorated; for instance, the windows are framed by rococo-style cartouches symbolising the elements of air, earth and water. The classical gods Diana and Mars are shown on the cartouches framing the balcony doors.

In 1798 mansion became the seat of a newly-created département of France, Mont-Tonnerre. The Osteiner Hof plays an important part in the local carnival traditions. Every year, on 11 November at 11 past 11, the start of the carnival season is proclaimed from the balcony of the mansion.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
Central Station (Hauptbahnhof)

9) Central Station (Hauptbahnhof)

The current station was built as a central station from 1882 to 1884 as part of the expansion of the city after the Franco-Prussian War. The Mainz architect Philipp Johann Berdellé (1838-1903) created the station's entrance building in bright Flonheim sandstone in Italian neo-Renaissance with baroque and neoclassical elements. A jutting central section is framed by two lower side wings with arcades, which end in risalits. The building was opened ceremoniously on October 15, 1884. Berdellé set the emphasis of the graphic decorations on the entrances of the central building. Allegorical representations refer to the function of the building. On both sides of the entrance reliefs display putti at play, to indicate the way for arrivals and departures.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia

Walking Tours in Mainz, Germany

Create Your Own Walk in Mainz

Create Your Own Walk in Mainz

Creating your own self-guided walk in Mainz is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Mainz Museums

Mainz Museums

While Mainz is not a very large city, the area is still home to several fantastic museums. Here you may explore Germany's numerous historical, cultural and natural collections - carefully displayed in one of the many museums such as Kupferberg, Fastnachtsmuseum, Museum of Natural History and Landesmuseum.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.7 km
Mainz Art Galleries

Mainz Art Galleries

Art is prospering in Mainz and thus the city is becoming a witness to a very large boom in art galleries. Today, Mainz features a number of highly recognized galleries and art centers, most of which really specialize in contemporary art. While visiting Mainz’s galleries, you will be impressed with its figural and abstract art, pop art, classical modernism as well as contemporary sculpture.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.1 km
Mainz Religious Buildings

Mainz Religious Buildings

Mainz boasts a number of churches and parishes which are worth visiting. The city’s oldest churches are especially impressive due to their grand architecture as the exterior and interior of the churches are built in Baroque, Gothic, Rococo, Classical and Renaissance styles. Not only that, but splendid frescoes, old organs, beautiful glass windows and rich high altars only add to the pleasure.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.9 km
City Orientation Walk

City Orientation Walk

Mainz, one of the oldest German cities, located on the Rhine River, is famous for its distinctive deep red sandstone buildings, such as the Romanesque Mainz Cathedral, Baroque style Augustinerkirche, Mainz Staatstheater and others. Architecture and history buffs will also take interest in the local half-timbered houses and medieval market squares; some buildings spanning back as far as the Roman...  view more

Tour Duration: 4 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 6.0 km
Mainz Nightlife

Mainz Nightlife

At night, a new life wakes up in Mainz. The city is home to numerous night clubs, disco bars, pubs as well as dance clubs and they are always crowded. Mainz nightlife will satisfy everybody, from rock to funk, chaos to grunge, techno to hip hop. Thus, each venue is sure to impress thanks to the phenomenal design, ambiance, and large selection of drinks.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 km
Mainz Specialty Shops

Mainz Specialty Shops

Mainz specialty shops are must-visit when in the area and searching for the hottest as well as most unique spot in the city. Thankfully, Mainz provides a large number of these outlets and are well worth your time. Take some time out of your vacation to enjoy all that Mainz has to offer.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.2 km

Tips for Exploring City on Foot at Your Own Pace

Whether you are in Mainz for a quick stopover or have a few days to see the city in more detail, exploring it on foot, at your own pace, is definitely the way to go. Here are some tips for you to save money, see the best Mainz has to offer, take good care of your feet while walking, and keep your mobile device – your ultimate "work horse" on this trip - well fed and safe.

Taking Care of Your Feet

To ensure ultimate satisfaction from a day of walking around the city as big as Mainz, it is imperative to take good care of your feet so as to avoid unpleasant things like blisters, cold or overheated soles, itchy, irritated or otherwise damaged (cracked) skin, etc. Luckily, these days there is no shortage of remedies to address (and, ideally, to prevent) these and other potential problems with feet. Among them: Compression Socks, Rechargeable Battery-Powered Thermo Socks for Cold Weather, Foot Repair Cream, Deodorant Powder, Shoes UV Sterilizer, and many more that you may wish to find a place in your travel kit for.

Travel Gadgets for Your Mobile Device

Your mobile phone or tablet will be your work horse on a self-guided walk. They offer tour map, guide you from one attraction to another, and provide informative background for the sights you wish to visit. Therefore it is absolutely essential to plan against unexpected power outages in the wrong place at the wrong time, much as to ensure the safety of your device.

For these and other contingencies, here's the list of useful appliances: Portable Charger/External Battery Pack, Worldwide Travel Charger Adapter, Power Converter for International Travel Adapter, and Mobile Device Leash.