Port of Spain Historical Landmarks Tour (Self Guided), Port of Spain

Trinidad and Tobago's capital Port of Spain is a lovely city with interesting history, duly reflected in its diverse architectural heritage. The city, commonly referred to by locals as Mucura, has several charming and perpetually busy squares, beautiful green parks, intriguing old streets and a modern financial district. The following walking tour will guide to the city's most prominent landmarks.
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Port of Spain Historical Landmarks Tour Map

Guide Name: Port of Spain Historical Landmarks Tour
Guide Location: Trinidad and Tobago » Port of Spain (See other walking tours in Port of Spain)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 10
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.5 Km or 1.6 Miles
Author: sabrina
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Columbus Square
  • Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception
  • Nicholas Tower
  • Old Fire Station
  • Red House
  • Holy Trinity Cathedral
  • Greyriar's Church
  • Old Public Library
  • Hall of Justice
  • Lapeyrouse Cemetery
Columbus Square

1) Columbus Square

Just a short walk from the magnificent Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception is Columbus Square, built at the end of the 19th century in honor of Christopher Columbus who, back in the late 1490s, discovered Trinidad on his famous journey across the Atlantic. The statue, a present from a wealthy local merchant, crowns the square to mark the historical importance of this great voyage.
Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception

2) Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception (must see)

Standing on the eastern side of Independent Square is the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, one of the oldest and most prominent Catholic buildings in the city. Its construction began in March 1816, led by Sir Ralph Woodford who, at that time, was serving as a civilian Governor. The Cathedral is a popular tourist attraction renowned for its fine Gothic style features, such as two stunning towers on both sides of the façade, notable large clock above the entrance and a cross on the roof top. The Cathedral was partially damaged by earthquake in 1825, but was successfully restored afterwards. The Cathedral is also known to have been keeping the remains of Catholic archbishops in an old crypt situated beneath.
Nicholas Tower

3) Nicholas Tower

The Nicholas Tower stands in a historic district of Port of Spain which a hundred years ago saw a new generation of beautiful buildings erected with the help of new technologies rendering the buildings more secure. Abercromby Street where the Nicholas Tower is located was named after the first Briton served as a Governor of Trinidad. The historic building still features the 19th century street signs.
Old Fire Station

4) Old Fire Station

The Old Fire Station is another attraction and important city’s landmark situated in the south-western corner of Woodford Square. Built at the end of the 19th century, the Station was reconstructed in 2000 with a special care to preserve its beautiful old style while introducing some modern features. From 1989 until 1999, the station housed the Trinidad Theater Workshop. Nowadays, it serves as a National Library Complex and continues to be a historic jewel of Port of Spain.
Red House

5) Red House (must see)

The Red House, home to Trinidad and Tobago’s Parliament and Senate, is a splendid complex of buildings located near Woodford Square. Featuring Greek Revival style, the complex is made of two main blocks which are connected with an arched arcade passage. The Red House's construction dates back to 1844. The building was named "Red" after it was painted red when Trinidad prepared for the celebration of the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria. In 1903 the Red House burnt down. Its reconstruction took four years to complete, upon which the House was reopened to the public again.
Holy Trinity Cathedral

6) Holy Trinity Cathedral (must see)

The Holy Trinity Cathedral is one of the oldest and most prominent city’s landmarks, situated on the southern side of Woodford Square. Its foundation stone was set on Trinity Sunday in 1816 and the cathedral itself was consecrated on Trinity Sunday in May of 1823. The striking clock tower and the eye-catching façade, combining Georgian and Gothic architectural styles, make the Holy Trinity Cathedral a popular attraction. Back in 1908 it was partially destroyed by fire but then successfully restored with the help from British Government.
Greyriar's Church

7) Greyriar's Church

Greyriar's Church is the first Presbyterian church to be built in Port of Spain. It was founded in the middle of the 19th century after the reforms and petitions made by Governor Woodford, and was intended to serve British settlers, most of whom were Presbyterian Scots. With the arched windows and sharp towers, Greyriar's unpretentious, yet stunning, look resembles that of a typical 13th century British church.
Old Public Library

8) Old Public Library

The first national library of Trinidad was founded in 1851. At the beginning of the 20th century it was moved to the magnificent building on Knox Street and became known as The Old Public Library. The cozy and quiet reading lounge of the library is situated on the ground floor. The colorful arched balconies provide easy access to all the rooms and furnish the building with a typical splendor of South American colonial architecture.
Hall of Justice

9) Hall of Justice

To the east of the Red House is the Hall of Justice, attracting both tourists and locals by its unique architectural solution. The building was specially designed to fit in nicely with the surrounding structures. At the end of the 20th century the Hall of Justice became home to the Court of Appeal, the Civil and Criminal Divisions of the High Court, and the Tax Appeal Board. The building's surreal look has long assured it a place among the city’s most prominent landmarks.
Lapeyrouse Cemetery

10) Lapeyrouse Cemetery

Situated in the Woodbrook neighborhood, Lapeyrouse Cemetery is a large burial ground. It is one of the oldest public cemeteries in Port of Spain. The main entrance to the cemetery--the awesome arch, erected in 1869--is located on Philip Street. The foundation of the cemetery dates back to 1813. Today, Lapeyrouse Cemetery is one of the city’s must-see landmarks, featuring plenty of historic Victorian and modern crypts, as well as a number of interesting statues.

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