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Religious Walking Tour in Pecs, Part II (Self Guided), Pecs

The city of Pecs had become an important Christian centre by the fourth century, and the episcopate of Pecs was established in 1009. Pecs has always been a multicultural city because of its history which remembers the Ottoman occupation and early Christian influence. Take this tour to explore more exquisite religious buildings in Pecs!
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Religious Walking Tour in Pecs, Part II Map

Guide Name: Religious Walking Tour in Pecs, Part II
Guide Location: Hungary » Pecs (See other walking tours in Pecs)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 8
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.7 Km or 2.9 Miles
Author: hollyg
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Pauline Church
  • All Saints Church
  • Havihegy Chapel
  • St. Augustine Church
  • Lyceum Church and Monastery
  • The Mosque of Pasha Qasim
  • Synagogue
  • Calvinist Church
Pauline Church

1) Pauline Church

The Pauline Church was built in 1937 and is one of Hungary's architectural masterpieces. The building was designed by Károly Weichinger. Visitors will be surprised by the wonderful Zsolnay ceramics statue of the Virgin Mary that stands before the Church, and of course by the colorful sculpture by Victor Vasarely facing the building. The altar of the church is made from bronze and depicts a scene in which Prince St. Emerich is kneeling in front of the Virgin Mary. The Pauline order was established in 1252 and in the thirteenth century hermits from the caverns and woods were collected together by Bishop Bartholomew and organized the monastery. At the end of the 1930s a hermit house of the Pauline monks was built near the Church.
All Saints Church

2) All Saints Church (must see)

The Romanesque-style All Saints Church is one of the oldest churches in Pécs. It was built in the twelfth century and underwent several Gothic and Baroque modifications. This was the only church in Pecs that remained Christian in times of Turkish rule. The Catholics, Reformed and Unitarians used it as a gathering place. Religious debate was held here in 1588 by the Reformed and Unitarian parish ministers; the debate is known as Pécsi disputa. The church returned to the Catholics in 1664. The south part of the cemetery that is placed near the church contains tombs from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries but the north one holds Baroque gravestones.
Havihegy Chapel

3) Havihegy Chapel

The Havihegy Chapel was built in memorial of the plague of 1690. The citizens of Pécs brought all the materials up the high hill, where the Chapel was to be constructed. The building was designed in Baroque style and was expanded in 1710. But fire incinerated the church interior in 1780. The small chapel with the wagon-roof has a cramped loft for its organ that is near the entrance, but the exterior complements the landscape. The main altar is made from marble and the altar-piece depicts the Virgin Mary, and the two side-altars show us St. Sebastian and St. Florian.
St. Augustine Church

4) St. Augustine Church

The Augustine Church is a medieval church transformed to a mosque during Turkish rule. In 1702, when the Augustine order took it, the friars reconstructed the building. The church was furnished with the arched sanctuary, the vaulted chapel, the organ loft and the tower, but the vestry room was built later in 1935. You can find the beautiful eighteenth-century chancel of Viennese master Martin Fischer; the work is named "Sorrowful Virgin." The other elements of decoration were made in the twentieth century. For example, the frescos in the centre are created by Ernő Gebauer in 1941 and the paintings are the works of Emil Gádor. In spite of the long Christian history of the church three Turkish windows remain on the south facade.
Lyceum Church and Monastery

5) Lyceum Church and Monastery

The construction of the Lyceum Church and Monastery dates back to the years of 1741 to 1756 when it was erected by the Paulite friars using the stones of a Turkish mosque. The building was abandoned after the Paulite order suppression in 1786. All the furnishings were shared among the churches. In 1832 Bishop Ignác Szepessy founded a school (Lyceum) in the monastery building and reopened the church, to provide religious education and services for the students. When the Elizabeth University of Pozsony (now Bratislava) moved to Pécs, the church was renamed the University Church. In the 1930s the interior of the building was repainted and the modern frescos are the work of Ernő Gebauer, the painter from Pecs. The former Paulite monastery Baroque building was abutted to the church and turned into the secondary school (Széchenyi Gimnázium), but the church itself was restored back to the Paulite order in 1997.
The Mosque of Pasha Qasim

6) The Mosque of Pasha Qasim (must see)

The Mosque of Pasha Qasim is one of the symbols of the city, located in the city centre, on the main square. Today, it functions as a catholic church. The building, hundred steps both its length and its width, was built by Pasha Qasim the Victorious between 1543 and 1546. The minaret of the mosque was brought down by the Jesuits in 1766. Standing at the highest point of Pécs's Széchenyi square, the mosque of pasha Qasim is the greatest example of Turkish architecture in Hungary. It was probably built in the second half of the 16th century. In the 1660s Evliya Çelebi, the famous Turkish traveller wrote of the overwhelming majesty of its view. The mosque was built upon the ruins of Saint Bertalan church by using its rocks - transforming it to the mosque of the city.

A number of changes had been made on the building between the 18th and the 20th centuries. Its minaret was ultimately taken down but had been previously enlarged. Only the main square part remained of the original structure: the octagon drum, covered by a dome. There are arc windows in two rows on the façade of its south-eastern, south western and north-eastern part; 3-3 and 4-4 pieces. Inside the church, in the remaining plaster parts the Turkish decoration and inscriptions of the Qur'an are clearly visible. The Turkish pulpit and the women's balcony were destroyed and the mihrab is not the original either.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia

7) Synagogue (must see)

The Synagogue of Pecs was built in July 1869 according to the design made by Frigyes Feszl Károly Gerster and Lipót Kauser, who played an essential part in Hungarian architecture of the nineteenth century. The Jewish community of Pecs is not numerous, but very unified; they use the Synagogue regularly on weekdays. Jewish religious laws do not agree with metaphorical motifs which is why the main facade of the building of Synagogue is divided into three parts. According to Biblical inscriptions people of any religion may visit the Jewish service. Visitors can see the "stone tablets of Moses" on the top of the façade. The synagogue sanctuary ceiling is covered with painted stars. The sanctuary itself is divided from the nave by the bronze railings and is directed toward Jerusalem.
Calvinist Church

8) Calvinist Church

The Calvinist Church was constructed in 1907. The unique design was created by Imre Schlauch. The oak pulpit is a copy of the stage of the Budapest Kálvin Square Church. The organ and the original furniture with the ornaments of the Holy Trinity were made by Pecs citizen József Angster with his son and a joiner Ferenc Keil. The furniture of the Congregation House was built in 1927 by citizens Győző Szatyor and Emil Vata. The decoration of the walls are presented with the brick lining around the windows. The style of the building holds Gothic and Romanesque elements of architecture amd reflects mainstream twentieth-century architecture.

Walking Tours in Pecs, Hungary

Create Your Own Walk in Pecs

Create Your Own Walk in Pecs

Creating your own self-guided walk in Pecs is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Museums Self-Guided Walking Tour in Pecs, Part I

Museums Self-Guided Walking Tour in Pecs, Part I

The city of Pecs is the cultural and artistic centre of the Baranya county. Pecs was given the name of European Capital of Culture in 2010. The city has a very rich cultural heritage that is reflected in particular in its great museums! Unique exhibitions, original artifacts, historical findings, even ancient ruins: you can discover all of these visiting the unforgettable museums of Pecs!

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.9 Km or 1.8 Miles
Architectural Self-Guided Walking Tour of Pecs

Architectural Self-Guided Walking Tour of Pecs

The city of Pecs is rich in history, art and culture. This is due to the fact that the city's territory has been the site of intersection of different civilizations through the centuries. Magnificent palaces, original constructions of administrative buildings and other wonderful masterpieces by famous architects will amaze you when you discover the beauty of the architecture of Pecs!

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.7 Km or 1.1 Miles
Pecs Introduction Walk

Pecs Introduction Walk

The city of Pecs has been the point of intersection of many eras, religions and political views. Since its time as the capital of the Valeria province of the Roman Empire, the city has maintained its historic cultural heritage. Take this orientation walk to visit the most popular and prominent sights of the city.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.0 Km or 1.9 Miles
Museums Self-Guided Walking Tour in Pecs, Part II

Museums Self-Guided Walking Tour in Pecs, Part II

The city of Pecs is well-known in Europe for its rich artistic and cultural life. The remarkable museums and galleries of this Hungarian city include exhibitions by world famous Pecs citizens such as Janus Pannonius or Victor Vasarely, as well as exhibits on ethnography, natural sciences, modern Hungarian art and many others. Seize the opportunity to enjoy an unforgettable museum tour in Pecs!

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 0.8 Km or 0.5 Miles
Religious Walking Tour in Pecs, Part I

Religious Walking Tour in Pecs, Part I

Pecs is one of the largest cities in Hungary. It was founded in the second century by Romans and now it is the heart of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pecs. The city experienced 150 years of Ottoman occupation. The Turkish religious heritage is represented by magnificent mosques. Visitors can notice the importance of religion in Pecs's history when admiring wonderful churches and chapels....  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.2 Km or 2 Miles