Salzburg Introduction Walk (Self Guided), Salzburg

The Austrian city of Salzburg straddles the Salzach River near the German border in the Eastern Alps. It went down in history primarily as the hometown of great composer Mozart, whose birthplace is now a museum and the main local attraction. Other than that, Salzburg is also famous for its medieval and baroque architecture, as well as for the abundance of “platzes” (squares) that make up much of this orientation walk. If you wish to find your way around Salzburg with ease, follow this walk and learn more about its history along the way.
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Salzburg Introduction Walk Map

Guide Name: Salzburg Introduction Walk
Guide Location: Austria » Salzburg (See other walking tours in Salzburg)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 19
Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.1 Km or 2.5 Miles
Author: julian
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Mozartplatz
  • Mozartsteg
  • Steingasse
  • Linzer Gasse
  • St. Sebastian Church and Cemetery
  • Mozart Residence
  • Mirabell Palace and Gardens
  • Getreidegasse
  • Mozart's Birthplace
  • Sigmund Haffner Gasse
  • Alter Markt (Old Market Square)
  • Franciscan Church
  • St. Peter's Church and Cemetery
  • Domplatz
  • Salzburg Cathedral (Dom)
  • Residenzplatz
  • Salzburg Museum
  • Kapitelplatz
  • Hohensalzburg Fortress
1
Mozartplatz

1) Mozartplatz (must see)

Mozartplatz is the square in Salzburg dedicated to its most famous son, the composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It is one of the most visited locations in the city today.

Mozartplatz is located in the center of the old town near the New Residence of the Archbishops of Salzburg. It is dominated by a statue of Mozart created by sculptor Ludwig von Schwanthaler. The present Mozartplatz was known as Michaelsplatz before the monument was unveiled. A baroque fountain with the statue of St. Michael on its central pillar facing St. Michael’s Church was replaced by the Mozart monument. The monument was constructed at a time when the city was economically depressed because of the Napoleonic Wars. King Ludwig I of Bavaria, a great admirer of Mozart’s works donated the funds to erect the monument. The monument to Mozart in Mozartplatz was unveiled in 1842 in the presence of his two sons.

Mozartplatz today is a place where visitors to Salzburg get their photographs taken. Next to the marble base of the statue is a Roman mosaic found by workers while erecting the monument. Several souvenir stores, coffee shops, a tourist office, and an information office are located around the square.

Why You Should Visit:
Great place to visit after dark and often there are musicians playing near the statue.
2
Mozartsteg

2) Mozartsteg

The Mozartsteg is a filigree art nouveau iron bridge over the Salzach River connecting the Rudolfskai and Giselakai areas of Salzburg. The pedestrian bridge gained international fame after being featured in the 1965 Hollywood film, The Sound of Music.

The Mozartsteg was built in 1903 by a private group called the Mozartstegverein. The bridge was the result of the efforts by a wealthy owner of a cafe, Georg Krimml who lobbied and donated the funds for its construction. His object was to increase customer traffic to his café, the Café Corso. It was inaugurated by the Governor of the Duchy of Salzburg and the then Mayor of the city.

The Mozartstegverein group owned the bridge until 1920 and charged a toll. The small toll house ceased to function in 1921. It still exists and is now a store that sells crafts and jewelry. It was purchased by the City of Salzburg in 1921 and converted into a bridge for pedestrians and cyclists. In the movie, the Sound of Music it was the footbridge over which the Von Trapp children skip. Today, the picturesque Mozartsteg is a spot for photographs by tourists and part of the tours that take visitors around locations where the Sound of Music was filmed.

***The Sound of Music Movie***
A definite must-visit on The Sound of Music tour of Salzburg, Mozartsteg (or Mozard Bridge) is an art deco footbridge opened in 1903 linking the Old Town and Stone Lane (Steingasse), and named after Salzburg’s legendary resident, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

In the film, it is across this bridge and along the grassy riverbank nearby that Maria and the kids cheerfully skip while pointing at the sights during the instrumental ending of the song “My Favorite Things”.
3
Steingasse

3) Steingasse (must see)

One of the oldest roads in Salzburg, the Steingasse is a small alley that lies between Kapuzinerberg and the Salzach River. It is flanked by medieval houses and has retained its medieval atmosphere until today.

Steingasse dates back to the time when Salzburg was the Roman city of Juvavum. In the middle ages, it became an important trade route and was the main entry point for salt consignments from the Hallein Township. Travelers passed the Steingasse on their way to Italy in the medieval era. The narrow Steintor Gate built in 1280 was the point of entry for travelers and traders.

Residents of Steingasse included potters, dyers and tanners who required water for their work because of its proximity to the Salzach River. No:9 Steingasse was the house where Josef Mohr, the composer of the Christmas Carol, ‘Silent Night’ was born. There is a small private museum in the building dedicated to the composer. Another notable building is the St. Johann am Imberg Church that was Mozart’s favorite place of worship. At one end of Steingasse is a small marble fountain called the Engelwirtsbrunnen which was installed in 1660 in front of the Engelwirt Inn was placed in its present location in 1890. Today, there are many bars, quaint shops, bookstores and galleries in the well preserved medieval buildings that line the street.

Why You Should Visit:
If you look for silence and some nice little bars & restaurants, this is the place.
4
Linzer Gasse

4) Linzer Gasse

Linzergasse is a busy street in Salzburg flanked by medieval buildings. It is called Linzergasse because it was once the main road from Salzburg to Linz in Austria.

Linzergasse was an important road in Juvavum, the Roman city that later became Salzburg. In the Middle Ages, travelers and tradesman going to Linz passed through the Linzertor Gate that stood at the end of the street until 1894. The houses that flank Linzergasse date back to the 14th or 15th centuries and were always occupied by small craftsmen and their families.

There are many important buildings in Linzergasse. At No:1 is the St. Andrews Church that was built in 1898. No: 3 was the home of the scientist Paracelsus who lived here from 1540 to 1541. He was buried in the cemetery of the nearby St. Sebastian’s Church. House No: 7 was an old pharmacy where the poet George Trakl worked in 1887. House No: 9 is an old brewery and a scion of the family who owned it, Richard Mayr became a famous opera singer. One can climb the steps to the Kapuziner Abbey for breathtaking views. House No: 43 was a medieval bath house. The street ends with the St. Sebastian Church. The cemetery of the church also contains the graves of Mozart’s father Leopold and his wife Constanze.
5
St. Sebastian Church and Cemetery

5) St. Sebastian Church and Cemetery (must see)

The St. Sebastian’s Church is a 16th-century Catholic church in Salzburg. The attached cemetery is the final resting place of many well-known merchants and scholars.

The St. Sebastian Church was built by the Austrian architect and stuccoist, Kassian Singer between 1749 and 1753. It had a baroque architectural style with some Rococo elements. The original church had beautiful ceiling frescoes and an altar painting by artist, Paul Troger. A fire destroyed the altar and frescoes in 1818. The church was later restored and a statue of St. Sebastian made by Konrad Asper between 1614 and 1620 was installed in the façade. Mass is celebrated entirely in Latin even today.

Prince- Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau planned the cemetery to replace an older graveyard in 1600. The design was inspired by the Italian Campo Santo or sacred field. It had a central square surrounded by arcades. At the centre of the square is a brightly tiled mannerist mausoleum built for Archbishop Wolf Dietrich. His remains are interred in the mausoleum. At the entrance of the cemetery is the mausoleum of the scientist and scholar from Salzburg, Paracelsus. It is also the final resting place of Mozart’s father Leopold and his widow, Constanze.

Tip:
Don't miss the amazing catacombs set high in the rocks!

Opening Hours:
Daily: 9am-6pm
6
Mozart Residence

6) Mozart Residence (must see)

Mozart’s Residence from the age of 17 was the spacious Tanzmeisterhaus. The Mozart Foundation purchased the building in 1989 and converted it into a museum dedicated to the life and music of the great composer and his relationship with the city of Salzburg.

The Tanzmeisterhaus which later became Mozart’s residence was initially a dancing hall. Two buildings built around 1617 were joined to make the present building in 1685. From 1711, Lorenz Speckner ran a dancing school here. The aristocracy was trained in dancing and other accomplishments for life in court. Speckner died in 1767 and his cousin Maria Anna Raab closed the dancing school and hall and converted the building into apartments for rent. She leased the hall for events and wedding parties. Mozart’s father found their home in Hagenauerhaus too small for his growing family and moved to Tanzmeisterhaus in 1773. It was here that Mozart composed many of his finest works. The building was damaged during World War II. It was restored and converted into a museum by the Mozart Foundation and opened to the public in 1996.

The museum at Mozart’s residence consists of exhibits relating to the great composer. Mozart family memorabilia including their library, letters written by Mozart’s father and portraits are displayed. Visitors can get a guided phone tour from the reception and hear music relating to each object on display. In the last room, a video show about Mozart is screened in German and English.

Tip:
This museum has one of the best audio guides, so make sure you get it.

Daily: 9am-5:30pm (Sep-Jun); 8:30-7pm (Jul-Aug)
Last admission 30 mins before closing
7
Mirabell Palace and Gardens

7) Mirabell Palace and Gardens (must see)

The Mirabell Palace and Gardens are located north of the Salzach River. It was used by the Prince Archbishops to entertain guests and now houses government offices including the office of the Mayor of Salzburg.

The palace was constructed and the extensive gardens were laid in 1606 as the residence of the mistress of Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, Salome Alt. At the time it was called the Altenau Palace. His successor renamed it as the Mirabel Palace. Successive Archbishops improved and added to the structure and the gardens. It was damaged by a fire in 1818 and most parts were burned except the marble staircase and marble hall. After the reign of the Archbishops came to an end, it became the residents of the royal family of Austria.

The Mirabel palace today is not open to the public. The marble hall that was once the concert hall and ballroom of the Archbishops is regarded as one of the most beautiful wedding halls in the world. Today it is the venue for meetings, award ceremonies, and concerts. The Mirabell gardens consist of a hedge garden, a dwarf garden with sculptures of dwarfs made of locally quarried Untersberg marble. The famous Pegasus fountain was the setting for the song Do Re Mi in the 1965 Hollywood film, 'The Sound of Music'.

***The Sound of Music Movie***
Perhaps the best place to start The Sound of Music tour of Salzburg is the open grounds of the Mirabell Palace Gardens, the location where the Do Re Mi song was filmed for the movie. The Palace was completed in 1606 (rebuilt in 1693) as the home for Prince-Archbishop Wolf Dietrich Raitenau’s mistress, and its gorgeous gardens appeared later, in 1715-30. In addition to its Sound of Music fame, the Palace is also where Mozart used to play private concerts as a child.

Entering the gardens from the south, you will recognize the two pairs of impressive Greek statues of fencing warriors whose playful poses the Von Trapp children mimicked in the film. Wandering further in, you will also remember the central spouting Pegasus Fountain (opposite the Palace & guarded by lion statues) around which they danced. From here you can turn around and check out the fantastic views of the High Salzburg Fortress (Hohensalzburg) towering over the city, and then follow the steps that the kids hopped up like musical notes in the dramatic finale of the song.

Near the fountain there's a small footbridge leading to the Dwarf Gnome Park (Zwergerlgarten) housing the total of 28 gnome statues carved out of the local Unterberg Marble. As you leave the dwarf garden to exit the Palace grounds, make sure to visit the long pergola vine tunnel and the hedge maze through which Maria and the Trapp children ran while singing the song.

Why You Should Visit:
The palace, which is also the venue for many classical concerts (need pre-booking) makes a nice backdrop to the marvelous gardens.
Standing next to the palace and gazing towards the garden, you get a spectacular view of the Hohensalzburg Fortress as well.
8
Getreidegasse

8) Getreidegasse (must see)

Getreidegasse is the most important shopping street in Salzburg, as well as being the city's oldest. Most of the high-end boutiques and tourist shops are located here.

The street existed from the time of the Romans when the city was called Juvavum. It was the main road that connected Salzburg to Bavaria. The narrow street has tall medieval baroque houses belonging to the rich merchants of the city. It was in one of these houses that Mozart was born. The family of Salome Alt, the mistress of Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau also lived here. It was called Trabegasse until the 19th century.

Today, the street is lined with shops with wrought iron signboards. There are many store-lined sidestreets that lead to other parts of Salzburg. The upper floors of the buildings are still used as homes or lodgings by merchants and students. Shops in the Getreidegasse sell branded products like Louis Vuitton luggage and Polo shirts. There are smaller stores selling Mozart mementos and Sound of Music memorabilia. Quaint cafes and restaurants are found here. Mozart’s birthplace is the most visited building in the street and the other notable structure is the old City Hall which was once the residence of the Keutzl family.

Why You Should Visit:
Incredibly picturesque little street, with good shops, no cars, and a lot of people watching to do.

Tip:
If planning some shopping for gifts, take a look in a couple of stores because they often carry similar products for different prices.
Small alleys lead off the main street – do wander down these as lots of smaller shops and nice cafés can be found.
9
Mozart's Birthplace

9) Mozart's Birthplace (must see)

Hagenauer House in Getreidegasse is the building where the most famous son of Salzburg, composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born. Maintained as a museum dedicated to his memory, it is the most famous among the city's tourist attractions.

The Mozart family lived on the 3rd floor of Hagenauer House for 26 years. The composer was born here in 1756. It consists of a kitchen, a small room, a bedroom and a study. The museum dedicated to Mozart was installed here in 1880 by the Mozarteum Foundation. It was enlarged by the donation of musical instruments and other objects by his widow and two sons.

The museum at Mozart’s birthplace consists of documents, musical instruments and portraits of the great composer. An important portrait is an unfinished oil painting of Mozart at the Piano by his brother in law, Joseph Lange. Other notable exhibits are the violin he used in his childhood, his concert violin, his clavichord and a harpsichord. There are also many letters relating to the great composer on display. The museum was renovated by the Viennese architect, Prof. Elsa Prochazka to conform to modern standards and to protect the exhibits from damage. Temporary themed Mozart-related exhibitions are held by the museum.

Tip:
If you've got a Salzburg Card you need not join the long ticket queue.
If planning to go to the Mozart Residence (a 5-minute walk away) as well, there is a special reduced-price ticket for both museums.

Opening Hours:
Daily: 9am-5:30pm (Sep-Jun); 8:30-7pm (Jul-Aug)
Last admission 30 mins before closing
10
Sigmund Haffner Gasse

10) Sigmund Haffner Gasse

The Sigmund Haffner Gasse is one of the oldest streets in Salzburg. The buildings flanking the street were once homes of wealthy merchants and the 700 year old Elefant Hotel is located here.

The Sigmund Haffner Gasse is a wide street that connects two other important streets, the Getreidegasse and the Franziskanergasse. The Old City Hall marks the lower end of the street and the Franciscan Church is at the upper end. The street was laid in 1140 when the Franciscan Church was made a parish church. Before 1620, the street marked the end of the merchants residences and the St. Peter’s Convent. It is named after Sigmund Haffner, a wealthy merchant and benefactor in Salzburg who was its mayor between 1768 and 1772.

Important buildings on Sigmund Haffner Gasse are the Elafant Hotel which was established as an inn by the keeper of an elephant gifted to Archduke Maximilian of Austria and his bride by the King of Portugal. Houses that formerly belonged to wealthy merchants include the Haffnerhaus, the Lamberhaus, the Gusettihaus, the Ritzerhaus, Dachsbergerhof and the Cheuzleins House. The Langenhof was established by Archbishop Max Gandolf von Kuenburg for his family and the Kapellhaus was used as a residence of the chapel choirboys.
11
Alter Markt (Old Market Square)

11) Alter Markt (Old Market Square) (must see)

The small and cozy square called Alter Markt is one of Salzburg’s most important locations. It is the site of weekly markets from the 13th century and was also used for events and celebrations.

The Alter Markt was the third market established in Salzburg in the 13th century; as such, it’s the oldest weekly market in the city. Besides serving as a marketplace, the square was used for celebrations like the Whitsun festival and dances, the Sword Dance by the Durrnberg Miners and the annual barefoot dance by the bakers. It was also the site of the lent market until 1889. The name of the square was changed to Ludwig Victor Square between 1873 and 1927 when Archduke Ludwig Victor the youngest brother of Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria took up residence in Salzburg.

The Alter Markt remains a shopping area until today. The St. Florian Fountain is located in the center with the statue of St. Florian von Lorch at the top of its column. The square is flanked by a row of baroque burgher houses, the old market house, the old court pharmacy, the oldest coffee house in Salzburg, the café Tomaselli and the smallest house in the city at No 10 A, Alter Markt.

Why You Should Visit:
It's a fun way to get rid of a few Euros.

Tip:
Skip the restaurant and have something from one of the many vendors.
You can try delicious local as well as all other types of (inexpensive) food here.
12
Franciscan Church

12) Franciscan Church (must see)

The Franciscan church is one of the oldest churches in Salzburg and served as a parish church as early as 774. It remains the most popular place of worship for the people of Salzburg until today.

The Franciscan Church was first established as a small church dedicated to the Virgin Mary. It was renovated by Bishop Virgil and in 1139 it became the main Parish Church of Salzburg. In 1167, the original building was burned along with five others in the city and only the nave survived. It was rebuilt in the 13th century and taken over by the Franciscan order.

The main gate was built in 1700 and has a carved hand in the position of taking an oath. The interiors have a gothic style with the main altar designed by architect, Fischer von Erbach in 1700. The choirs have many side chapels with distinct gothic styles. The paintings by artist Johann Michael Rottmayer depict the life of St. Francis and the statues of the angels are by sculptor, Ottavio Mosto. The church is connected to the Franciscan Abbey by an arched bridge over the road. The Romanesque side gate depicts Christ between St. Peter and St. Rupert. Visitors flock to listen to the sound of the church bells including the Marien bell that tolls at 3pm, the time of the death of Christ and the Armeseelen bell.

Why You Should Visit:
One of the oldest churches in Salzburg, and of course it is free to go inside.
A nice place to see the architecture of the region in its elegant simplicity.
If you are lucky you can attend an organ concert or listen to the organist practice.

Tip:
Make sure you head up towards the altar as the ceilings rise to double the height of the area where the pews are.

Opening Hours:
Daily: 6:30am-7:30pm
13
St. Peter's Church and Cemetery

13) St. Peter's Church and Cemetery (must see)

Editor's note: St. Peter’s Church will be closed for renovations from 25.9.2018 until provisionally 22.9.2019. The catacombs, cemetery, and bakery remain open, however.

St. Peter's Church forms part of the oldest functioning monastery in Austria. It also houses the oldest library and the oldest restaurant in the country. The cemetery has the last remains of several well-known citizens and a maze of catacombs built into a rock face.

St. Peter's Church was founded in 700 AD by the Franconian monk, St. Rupert and has continually functioned as the place of worship of a monastery since it was established. The monks were expelled during WWII but returned after the end of the war. The present church was built between 1125 and 1143 and has undergone several additions and restorations since. The main organ dates back to 1444 and there is an ornate gothic cross-ribbed vault in the atrium. The onion-domed tower was built in 1756 and the interior of the church has several magnificent rococo altars.

St. Peter's Cemetery is the last resting place of well-known citizens of Salzburg including the architect Santino Solari who designed the cathedral, Mozart’s sister Nannerl, an accomplished musician in her own right and Joseph Haydn’s brother Michael. The cemetery is surrounded by wrought iron fences and there are early Christian catacombs built into the surrounding rock face. A steep stone stairway leads to the catacombs. They are filled with early altars, faded murals and inscriptions.

***The Sound of Music Movie***
Toward the end of The Sound of Music film, the Von Trapps hide from the Nazis that wield flashlights behind the tombs in the cemetery of the Nonnburg Convent in Salzburg. The real Nonnburg cemetery, however, is extremely small and modest, so the filmmakers instead decided to use the picturesque cemetery of Saint Peter’s Church (Petersfriedhof) for the inspiration to build a Hollywood set where the actual filming took place. Ringing the edges of the flower-filled cemetery are the large crypts for the local wealthy families enclosed within the elegant wrought iron gates which are expertly reproduced in the movie.

While the real-life Von Trapps never hid in a cemetery, the scene and the confrontation with Rolf adds a great deal of drama to the plot, which is somewhat different from the original Broadway play produced in 1959.

Why You Should Visit:
Everything is free to visit except for the catacombs which cost not very much at all.

Opening Hours:
[Catacombs] Catacombs: Daily: 10am-12:30pm / 1-6pm (May-Sep); 10am-12:30pm / 1-5pm (Oct-Apr)
Last admission 15 min. before closing. Closed: Jan 1, Dec 24-26, Dec 31
[St. Peter Cemetery] Daily: 6:30am-7pm (Summer); 6:30am-5:30pm (Winter)
[Bakery of St. Peter] Mon-Fri: 7am-5:30pm; Sat: 7am-1pm
14
Domplatz

14) Domplatz (must see)

The Domplatz or Cathedral Square is flanked by the Salzburg Cathedral and other buildings belonging to the church. It is used today as a venue for performances and as the site of the annual Christmas market.

The Cathedral Square was commissioned by Archbishop Wolf Dietrich in Salzburg’s Old Town. The arches that connect the square to the Residence Square and Chapter Square were built by Giovanni Antonio Dario. The main attraction is the statue of the Virgin Mary. The cast iron and marble statue were created by brothers Wolfgang and Johann Baptist Hagenauer. The statue is made from the local Untersberg marble and stands on a mountain of clouds and a globe. It is surrounded by allegoric figures of angels, the devil, truth and the Church.

The Jadermann play is staged annually in the Domplatz during the Salzburg festival. The annual Christmas market has taken place here annually for the last 500 years. It opens in the last week of November and closes on Boxing Day. Temporary traditional wooden huts are erected and visitors can buy trinkets, rural crafts and typical Austrian food & drinks like hot mulled wine and roasted chestnuts.

Tip:
Don't miss the 'turmblasen' which is a traditional feature of Christmas Eve, with brass instruments playing chorale music from the city tower or the steeple of the church.
15
Salzburg Cathedral (Dom)

15) Salzburg Cathedral (Dom) (must see)

The Salzburg Cathedral is the most significant church in Salzburg. It is a magnificent Baroque structure built in the 17th century.

The site of the Salzburg cathedral once had a Celtic settlement and a portion of the ruins of the Roman City of Juvavum. The first cathedral was built by St. Virgil and improvements were made by St. Rupert between 767 and 774. It served as a place of worship for over 60 years before it was burned in a lighting storm in 842. Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenhau decided to build a new cathedral in 1612 but the project was delayed by the conflicts with Bavaria. His successor, Prince- Archbishop Markus Sittikus commissioned the architect, Santino Solari to design and build the present Baroque church in 1614. The cathedral was consecrated in 1628. In 1944, a World War II bomb damaged the building and it was restored to its former glory in 1959.

Excavations under the present cathedral have unearthed mosaics and artifacts from the Roman city of Juvavum. Notable features in the present structure are a 14th-century gothic baptismal font from the earlier cathedral where Mozart was baptized, a majestic main organ with sculptures of angels playing instruments and statues of St. Rupert and St. Virgil. The cathedral also has magnificent portals created by the sculptors, Schneider-Manzel, Matare and Manzu.

Why You Should Visit:
Absolutely massive, incredibly ornate, free (although they ask for a donation), and very welcoming towards all kinds of people including tourists.

Tip:
Take a downward trip to the crypt – there is as much underground as above.
Worth attending a Sunday mass at 10am, as you get a full orchestra and chorus.

Opening Hours:
Mon-Sat: 8am-7pm; Sun: 1-7pm (May-Sep); Mon-Sat: 8am-6pm; Sun: 1-6pm (Mar, Apr, Oct, Dec); Mon-Sat: 8am-5pm; Sun: 1-5pm (Jan, Feb, Nov)
16
Residenzplatz

16) Residenzplatz (must see)

The Residenzplatz is a large square located in Salzburg’s Old Town. It is flanked by the old and new residences of the archbishops and the Salzburg Cathedral.

During the initial construction of the square, the surrounding Medieval homes and the cemetery above the ancient Roman Forum all had to be leveled. The Forum, dating back to Salzburg’s early days as the Roman settlement of Juvavum (15BC-488AD), was partially excavated in 2008 revealing artifacts and walls from the time of Emperor Septimius Severus (193-211).

Archbishop Wolf Deitrich von Raitenau commissioned the building of the Residenzplatz in front of the old residence of the Archbishops. Over fifty-five medieval burgher houses and an ancient cemetery were demolished to make way for the square. The design was based on the style of Baroque Italian piazzas and was built according to the plans of Italian architect, Vincenzo Scamozzi. Besides the residences and the cathedral, the square is also flanked by a row of burger houses that now house shops and a café.

The most beautiful part of Residenzplatz is the ornate fountain called the Residenzbrunnen. It is the largest Baroque fountain in Central Europe. It was commissioned by Archbishop Prince Archbishop Guidobald von Thun and created by Tomasso di Garona between 1656 and 1661. The base of the fountain has three sea horses around a central rock. The rock is covered with figures of marine plants and animals. The statues of four men carrying a bowl stand on the rock and the figures of three dolphins rise from the bowl carrying another bowl where there is a figure of the Greek sea God Triton holding the shell of a snail. The burgher houses around the square have uniquely ornamented facades and Residenzplatz is the venue for an open air cinema that takes place annually in July and August.

***The Sound of Music Movie***
Set on the site of a former ancient Roman Forum, the large Residenzplatz square is the location where Maria belts out “I Have Confidence in Me” in The Sound of Music movie while crossing the square by bus on her way to the Trapp villa, after leaving the convent. The focal point of this square — and one of the main filming sets – is the massive central 45-foot-tall Horse Fountain (Residenzbrunnen) in which Maria playfully splashes the spouting horses. Completed in 1661, the upper section of this fountain is the replica of an iconic Bernini’s Triton Fountain in Rome, and is the largest Baroque fountain outside Italy.

Later in the film, Nazi soldiers march through the square against the backdrop of their flag draped over the entrance to the Old Residenz Palace on the west side. The dreary scene of the soldiers entering the town symbolizes German annexation of Austria, the so-called Anschluss, in March of 1938. Because of the disdain for the Nazi symbols in Salzburg, filming this scene took a lot of effort.

Why You Should Visit:
Has a very beautiful fountain from the 17th century in the middle (considered one of the most significant Baroque monuments in Europe), and a perfect view of the Salzburger Dom.

Tip:
Grab some lunch from bakeries/shops nearby and sit on one of the benches near the fountain, enjoying the view.
17
Salzburg Museum

17) Salzburg Museum (must see)

The New Residence of the Archbishops of Salzburg houses the Salzburg Museum. It is a repository of the history, art and culture of the city from the time when it was the Roman city of Juvavum to the modern day.

The New Residence on Mozart Square in Salzburg is a magnificent building where the Prince-Archbishops lived and entertained guests when they ruled the city. It took over a hundred years to build and four archbishops in succession embellished its appearance. The Salzburg Museum was housed in the New Residence from the year 2007.

The Salzburg Museum has four major sections with an array of exhibits. Its purpose is not only to inform visitors but also to entertain them. One section is devoted to the life and works of well-known men and women of Salzburg who made their contributions in the fields of art, science, architecture, literature, music, and photography. Another section is dedicated to the historical development of the city’s art and culture from the reign of the archbishops to the early 20th century. There are a medieval collection and objects unearthed by archeological excavations like a painted Roman wall and a Celtic jug. Temporary exhibitions are held in the Kunsthalle or the Art Hall. It is located in the inner courtyard of the New Residence and is a multipurpose hall with an illuminated ceiling.

Why You Should Visit:
If you're interested in seeing and hearing the history of Salzburg, then you must spend a few hours inside this museum.
There are several permanent exhibits here that walk you through it, but also some special exhibitions for only 1 or 2 months.

Tip:
Make sure you are given a combo ticket including the Panorama Museum; otherwise, you won't get through the turnstile in the Panorama Passage.

Opening Hours:
Tue-Sun: 9am-5pm
Thursday evening guided tour at 6pm (only reduced admission price), with changing themes (see events programme)
18
Kapitelplatz

18) Kapitelplatz (must see)

Kapitelplatz is a large square located next to Salzburg Cathedral. It is flanked by administrative, church and university buildings.

The square was established in 1600 by Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau who re-developed the entire area around the cathedral. The Archbishops and other important members of the clergy lived around Kapitelplatz until the abolition of the Archbishopric in 1803. The grand austere residences and offices of the clergy serve as reminders of the powerful archdiocese that once ruled Salzburg.

Like most other squares in Salzburg, Kapitelplatz has its share of important buildings and monuments. The Drompropstei was the administrative headquarters of the cathedral. The Erzbischöfliches Palais is the official residence of the Archbishop of Salzburg since the 19th century. It was built in 1690 by linking two former buildings. The Kardinal-Schwarzenberg-Haus was a former granary used for storing corn and grain. It is now a library and storehouse for the archives of the cathedral. The Dompfarramt is a medieval building that dates back to the 1500s and also houses administrative offices of the cathedral. The Kapitelplatz has a small horse pond and a fountain built in 1732. Locals come here to play chess on a giant chessboard and a modern sculpture of a man on a golden ball is a recent addition to the ancient square.

Why You Should Visit:
This square is notable for having a very beautiful view of the Hohensalzburg Fortress (perfect for taking pictures) and for the sculpture of the 'emotionless man' on the golden ball ('Sphaera').
There are, of course, vendor stalls in the square as well as a large chess game. The fountain and horse pond is spectacular. Fun place to walk around!
19
Hohensalzburg Fortress

19) Hohensalzburg Fortress (must see)

The Hohensalzburg Fortress is one of the largest medieval castles in Europe. It was built to protect the city and the ruling archbishops from enemy armies and insurgents.

Archbishop Gebhard von Helfenstein commissioned the construction of the Hohensalzburg Fortress in 1077 to protect Salzburg during a conflict between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII. At the time, the fortress was a simple wooden structure. Successive Archbishops expanded Hohensalzburg. Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach expanded the structure and gave it its present shape and grandeur. In 1525, a group of Protestant peasants attempted to depose Archbishop Prince-Archbishop Matthäus Lang but were unable to take the castle. Some of the bullet marks caused by the siege can be still seen in the pillars. Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau was imprisoned here. After the occupation by Napoleon’s army, it was used as barracks, a dungeon, and a storage depot. It became a tourist attraction after the installation of the Festungsbahn cable car in 1892.

The Hohensalzburg Fortress today remains one of Europe’s best-preserved castles. There is a small museum located inside exhibiting its history. Another notable feature is a large mechanical organ with 200 pipes called the Salzburg Bull placed in the Kraut Tower of the castle. The Golden Hall, the Golden Chamber and the bedchamber are richly adorned rooms in the interior of the fortress.

Why You Should Visit:
It is worth visiting this fortress for the view alone, but it is also a fascinating tour.
They do a great job telling the story of this fortress and its growth over the centuries.
The only downside is the crowds, but that shouldn't detract from the coolness of what you're looking at.

Tip:
Take advantage of online booking using the 'early bird' pricing. You scan tickets from your device to get access to the castle.
As usual, you exit through the gift shop, but the amber store has some nifty items (amber is apparently a thing in Salzburg).

Opening Hours:
Daily: 9am-7pm (May-Sep); 9:30am-5pm (Oct-Apr)

Walking Tours in Salzburg, Austria

Create Your Own Walk in Salzburg

Create Your Own Walk in Salzburg

Creating your own self-guided walk in Salzburg is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Children's Attractions in Salzburg

Children's Attractions in Salzburg

With its great history, culture and entertainment, Salzburg is a place both adults and children can enjoy. The city is home to countless places which will keep the kids happy, like fun for children museums, toy stores and a huge historic fortress. Take this walking tour and enjoy some of the many options Salzburg has to offer for the whole family.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.3 Km or 1.4 Miles
Old Town Museums & Galleries

Old Town Museums & Galleries

Salzburg has many fascinating modern art museums and galleries with beautiful paintings and prints. Their charming interiors and pleasant atmosphere make for an unforgettable experience. Take this walking tour and explore the museums and galleries in Salzburg's Old Town.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.1 Km or 0.7 Miles
Old Town Nightlife

Old Town Nightlife

Salzburg, known worldwide as the city of Mozart, offers its visitors a large spectrum of nightlife. The city is home to many clubs with a fantastic atmosphere. Get started with this walking tour of the Old Town to become acquainted with the wonderful nightlife available on your visit to Salzburg.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.2 Km or 0.7 Miles
Gift Shops, Old Town

Gift Shops, Old Town

Specialty shops make up an integral part of tourist life in Salzburg. We've compiled a list of gifts and souvenirs unique to Salzburg, that a visitor might like to purchase to reflect their visit. Located within the Old Town, the shops are all within a pleasant walk.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 0.7 Km or 0.4 Miles
History Museums Walking Tour in Salzburg

History Museums Walking Tour in Salzburg

The city of Salzburg is famous for its cultural and history museums. The collections of preserved documents, paintings, sculptures, and other items are unique. Visitors to Salzburg will find many fascinating interactive exhibits. Take this walking tour and become acquainted with Salzburg's history museums.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.0 Km or 1.2 Miles
Religious Walking Tour

Religious Walking Tour

Salzburg is listed as an UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to countless cultural, architectural, and religious landmarks. The city features numerous historic places of worship, from small churches and abbeys to the impressive Salzburg Cathedral. Take the following walking tour to discover Salzburg's holy places and their history.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.5 Km or 1.6 Miles