Tour of Potsdam's Sanssouci Park , Part 2 (Self Guided), Potsdam

The famous 290-hectare Sanssouci Park is home to some of the most significant structures built during the reign of Frederick the Great. All the historic buildings are surrounded by beautiful gardens and greenery. Take this tour to discover the most noteworthy landmarks situated at the west entrance of Sanssouci Park.
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Tour of Potsdam's Sanssouci Park , Part 2 Map

Guide Name: Tour of Potsdam's Sanssouci Park , Part 2
Guide Location: Germany » Potsdam (See other walking tours in Potsdam)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 11
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.4 Km or 2.7 Miles
Author: nataly
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • University of Potsdam
  • Communs
  • New Palace
  • Temple of Friendship
  • Antique Temple
  • Dragon House
  • Belvedere
  • Botanischer Garten Potsdam
  • Orangery Palace
  • Roman Baths
  • Charlottenhof Palace
University of Potsdam

1) University of Potsdam

The University of Potsdam is a German university, scattered across four campuses in Potsdam. The University of Potsdam was formed in 1991 by the amalgamation of Karl Liebknecht College of Education and Brandenburg State College. Some parts of the university are located in historic buildings that have been named as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. The University library and the Institute of History can be found at the New Palace in Sanssouci Park, and the Institute of Mathematics is located in the former stables at the park. The other campuses, Babelsberg and Golm, are also of historical interest. The oldest buildings of the Golm campus were built in the 1930s to house the Luftwaffe's intelligence department. After WWII the College of Law of the Ministry for State Security of the GDR moved in.
Sight description based on wikipedia

2) Communs (must see)

Opposite the palace’s westward-opening court of honor are the Communs, designed by Carl von Gontard and Jean Laurent Le Geay. Styled in the same manner as the palace itself, the two buildings housed the royal kitchens, utilities, gardeners’ shops, palace guards and servants. Between the two buildings stretches a curved colonnade, decorated with statuary and obelisks, which acted as a state entrance and as a screen to shield the view of the marshlands beyond. In 1896, Wilhelm II had an underground tunnel constructed to allow passage between the palace and the Communs, avoiding possibly inclement weather. The curved staircases, domes, pilasters and columns do not show the practical purpose of the buildings. Today, the buildings are used by the University of Potsdam and are undergoing restoration, although a lack of funding has pushed the date of completion back to 2016.
Sight description based on wikipedia
New Palace

3) New Palace (must see)

The New Palace, or Neues Palais, is a palace situated on the western side of the Sanssouci royal park. The building was begun in 1763, after the end of the Seven Years' War, under Frederick the Great and was completed in 1769. It is considered to be the last great Prussian baroque palace.

While Frederician Rococo was established at Sanssouci, Frederick the Great had the New Palace built in varying forms of baroque architecture and decoration, with some deviations. The King preferred rococo and baroque to the classicism that was already taking hold of Europe at the time as the preference of many monarchs. Architect Johann Gottfried Büring, with the aid of Heinrich Ludwig Manger, was assigned with the task of planning the New Palace and had already demonstrated success with the completion of the Chinese Teahouse and the Picture Gallery in the Sanssouci royal park.

After disagreements over the design of the palace, in 1764 the design of the palace was totally vested in the architect Carl von Gontard. The three-story façade had already begun to rise around unfinished interiors, as construction had steadily been underway. With 220 metre east and west façades, the centre portion of the palace was crowned with an enormous dome, at the top of which were placed the Three Graces supporting the Prussian royal crown. The dome is not only architectural, it provides an attic area under the supporting timbers which carry it.
Sight description based on wikipedia
Temple of Friendship

4) Temple of Friendship

The Temple of Friendship (German: Freundschaftstempel) is a small, round temple in the western part of Sanssouci Park. It was built by the Prussian king Frederick II in memory of his favorite sister, Markgravine Wilhelmine of Bayreuth, who died in 1758. The temple was built south of the park's main boulevard between 1768 and 1770 by architect Carl von Gontard, complementing the Temple of Antiquities, which lies due north of the boulevard on an axis with the Temple of Friendship. A notable precursor of the Temple of Friendship was the even smaller Temple of Apollo in the Amalthea Garden. The first work of architect Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, the Temple of Apollo was built in 1735 in the flower and vegetable garden created by Crown Prince Frederick (later Frederick II) in the town Neuruppin in Brandenburg, where he resided from 1732 to 1735 as the commander of a regiment stationed there.
Sight description based on wikipedia
Antique Temple

5) Antique Temple

The Antique Temple is a small, round temple in the western part of Sanssouci Park. Frederick the Great had the building constructed to house his collection of antique artifacts, coins and gems. Carl von Gontard created the building from 1768 to 1769 near the New Palace north of the Central Alley, as a complement to the Temple of Friendship situated south of the Alley. Since 1921 the Antique Temple has been used as a mausoleum for members of the House of Hohenzollern and is not open to the public. The Antique Temple was, like the Sanssouci Picture Gallery, envisioned from the beginning as a museum and at the time of Frederick the Great could be visited after notifying the castellan at the New Palace. In a square annex that could only be reached through opening a door from the round central hall, the Coin Chamber was created.
Sight description based on wikipedia
Dragon House

6) Dragon House

The Prussian King Frederick the Great ordered that the Dragon House be built on the southern slope of the Klausberg, which borders the northern edge of Sanssouci Park. It was created between 1770 and 1772 in the prevailing Chinoiserie taste of the time, designed to imitate a Chinese pagoda. Carl von Gontard was commissioned to build it. The Dragon House is named after the sixteen dragons on the corners of its concave roofs. The Dragon House at Sanssouci was built on an octagonal plan, with four floors to be used as living quarters for the wine-growers who worked on the neighboring Weinberg. To save the pagoda from its dilapidated state, it had to be restored in 1787. Over the years, an additional room, a laundry and three stables have been added to the original structure. The Dragon House has been used since 1934 in a gastronomical capacity.
Sight description based on wikipedia

7) Belvedere

In 1769, the year that the New Palace, located at the western end of the park, was finished, a new garden project was begun. On the southern slope of the Klausberg, fruit trees and grape vines were planted and many buildings received architectural face-lifts. Of these only the Belvedere and the Dragon House, built at the same time, were ever finished. In addition to its decorative purpose, the Belvedere also earned a reputation during Friedrick's lifetime for its grand views of Sanssouci Park and the surrounding countryside. In the last days of WWII, the Belvedere was almost completely destroyed. It burned down in April 1945 after being shelled by artillery, and for decades it only had makeshift support to keep it from collapsing completely. The Munich Messerschmitt Foundation decided in 1990 to finance the structure's rebuilding.
Sight description based on wikipedia
Botanischer Garten Potsdam

8) Botanischer Garten Potsdam (must see)

The Botanischer Garten Potsdam (8.5 hectares total, of which 5 hectares are public), also known as the Botanischer Garten der Universität Potsdam, is a botanical garden and arboretum maintained by the University of Potsdam. The garden was established in 1950 on two adjacent plots of land: part of Sanssouci Park and Paradise Garden (about 2.5 hectares). After WWII, Sanssouci Park was controlled by the Red Army and briefly formed a branch of the Moscow Botanical Garden of Academy of Sciences. In 1950 today's garden was created at the northern edge of Sanssouci with the Maulbeerallee dividing the garden into two distinct areas. To the north is Paradise Garden, now a teaching and display garden, and to the south is the institute building, greenhouses, and outdoor space. The garden's ten greenhouses (approximately 3,000 m² total area) contain about 4,600 tropical and subtropical species in a palm house, epiphyte house, orchid house, fern house, etc.
Sight description based on wikipedia
Orangery Palace

9) Orangery Palace (must see)

The Orangery Palace (German: Orangerieschloss) is also known as the New Orangery on the Klausberg, or just the Orangery. It was built by the Romantic on the Throne, Friedrick William IV, from 1851 to 1864. The building of the Orangery began with a plan for a high street or triumph street. The building, with its 300-meter-long front, was built in the style of the Italian Renaissance, after the image of the Villa Medici in Rome and the Uffizi in Florence. The middle building with its twin towers is the actual castle. This building is joined to the 103-meter-long and 16-meter-wide Plant Hall, with its almost ceiling-to-floor windows on the south side. In the western hall, the original floor duct heating system is still present and functioning. In front of the peristyle, Elizabeth, Friedrick William IV's wife, had a statue of the king erected after his death in 1861.
Sight description based on wikipedia
Roman Baths

10) Roman Baths (must see)

The Roman Baths (German: die Römischen Bäder), located in the northeast section of the park, reflect the Italiensehnsucht ("Sehnsucht/longing for Italy") of its creator Frederick William IV of Prussia. Various Roman and antiquated Italian styles were melded into the architectural ensemble created between 1829 and 1840. While still a crown prince, Friedrick William first had Charlottenhof (1826-1829) and then the adjunct Roman Baths built. Charged with managing the actual construction was Ludwig Persius, a student of Schinkel's. The garden house (Gärtnerhaus) (1829-30) and the house for its keepers (Gärtnergehilfenhaus) (1832) were both built in the Italian country house style (Landhausstil). These structures, together with the tea-pavilion (Teepavillon) (1830), form a complex of buildings, which are tied together by pergolas, arcades and sections of garden.
Sight description based on wikipedia
Charlottenhof Palace

11) Charlottenhof Palace (must see)

Charlottenhof Palace is located southwest of Sanssouci Palace in the park. It is most famous as the summer residence of Crown Prince Frederick William (later King Frederick William IV of Prussia). Today it is maintained by the Prussian Palaces and Gardens Foundation Berlin-Brandenburg. The park area with its various buildings can be traced back to the 18th century. After it had changed hands several times, King Frederick William III of Prussia bought the land that borders the southern part of Sanssouci Park and gave it to his son Frederick William and his wife Elisabeth Ludovika for Christmas in 1825. Officially the palace and park were named Charlottenhof in honor of Maria Charlotte von Gentzkow who had owned the property from 1790 to 1794. The interior design of the ten rooms is still largely intact. The furniture, for the most part designed by Schinkel himself, is remarkable for its simple and cultivated style.
Sight description based on wikipedia

Walking Tours in Potsdam, Germany

Create Your Own Walk in Potsdam

Create Your Own Walk in Potsdam

Creating your own self-guided walk in Potsdam is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Potsdam's Architectural Jewels

Potsdam's Architectural Jewels

Potsdam is considered one of the most beautiful cities in all of Germany. You can feel history in the air while you walk among the city's well preserved buildings. Most of the structures have been recently renovated and are ready to impress you with their grandeur and style. Take this tour to discover Potsdam's most architecturally stunning buildings.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.2 Km or 2.6 Miles
Cultural Venues

Cultural Venues

Potsdam is the capital of the Brandenburg Federal State of Germany and is a city with a rich cultural life. Explore the city's famous museums and art galleries, cinemas, concert halls and theaters, and enjoy an exhibition or performance by a German artist. Take this tour to discover the most interesting and notable cultural venues in Potsdam.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.2 Km or 1.4 Miles
Potsdam Introduction Walking Tour

Potsdam Introduction Walking Tour

Potsdam is practically an open-air museum. The number of monuments, sculptures and historic buildings on display is endless. Due to its important place in the history of Prussia, the city boasts a multitude of immortalized witnesses of that period in the form of statues, all very well preserved. Take this tour and discover Potsdam's most popular attractions.

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.3 Km or 3.3 Miles
Tour of Potsdam's Sanssouci Park, Part 1

Tour of Potsdam's Sanssouci Park, Part 1

Sanssouci Park is a unique Potsdam landmark that occupies 290 hectares in the center of the city. You will learn more about the history of Prussia during the reign of Frederick the Great by walking through this marvelous park than by reading a history book. Take this tour to discover the beautiful, historic landmarks found at the east entrance of Sanssouci Park.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.3 Km or 1.4 Miles
Tour of Potsdam's Neuer Garten

Tour of Potsdam's Neuer Garten

Neuer Garten (New Garden) was founded at the behest of Friedrich William II in 1787. It was "new" compared to the already established Sanssouci Park. This beautiful garden lies on more than 100 hectares of land and houses wonderful historic buildings. Take this tour to discover the famous architecture found in Potsdam's Neuer Garten.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 Km or 1.7 Miles
Top Religious Buildings

Top Religious Buildings

Potsdam is the capital of Brandenburg State in Germany. It one of the most beautiful cities in Europe and is the jewel of Germany. It is a city with a great history and world-renowned landmarks. Its churches and mosques are true architectural masterpieces. Take this tour to discover the most beautiful and distinctive places of worship in Potsdam.

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.7 Km or 3.5 Miles