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Turku's Historical Churches (Self Guided), Turku

The first capital city of Finland, Turku has always been an important religious centre of the country. 13th century Turku Cathedral is the city’s religious center piece and the seat of the Archbishop of Finland. Take this self-guided walking tour to visit Turku’s most celebrated places of worship.
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Turku's Historical Churches Map

Guide Name: Turku's Historical Churches
Guide Location: Finland » Turku (See other walking tours in Turku)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 8
Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.7 Km or 3.5 Miles
Author: sabrina
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Martin's Church
  • Archangel Michael's Church
  • Roman Catholic Church
  • Betel Church
  • Turku Orthodox Church
  • Turku Synagogue
  • Turku Cathedral
  • Saint Catherine's Church
1
Martin's Church

1) Martin's Church

Martin's Church in Turku, Finland is the main church of Martin's parish, founded in 1921. The church was consecrated on the 450th anniversary of the birth of Martin Luther, on November 12, 1933. The designers of the church were architects Totti Sora and Gunnar Wahlroos. The church represents architechtual functionalism. Martin's church is a long church with three aisles and very narrow side aisles. The church has a functional and singular practicality of its own. The barrel-vaulting of the roof is one of the most outstanding features of the church. The altar, the pulpit and the roof are notable features of architect Sora's work. On top of the pulpit, the architect has placed a crown. The same theme is featured as a decoration to the hymn list table. The architects have clearly thought of the church as a royal court chamber and for this reason, the basic construction is reminiscent of a basilica. The artist Aarre Aaltonen has made five decorative sculptures for the pulpit.
Sight description based on wikipedia
2
Archangel Michael's Church

2) Archangel Michael's Church (must see)

Michael's Church is a church situated in central Turku. It is named after Archangel Michael and was completed in 1905. Michael's church is a distinguished example of the neogothic style in architecture. It is a long church with three aisles, galleries and a multifaceted choir. In addition to the main entrance, there are also doors at each corner of the church. The sacristy is situated behind the choir. The main spire rises to a height of 77 meters from the foundation. It dominates the western skyline of the city of Turku and was designed by Professor Lars Sonck; it is one of the most popular wedding churches in Turku, capable of seating 1,800 people. When Sonck won the competition for the church in 1894, he was a 23-year old architectural student. Michael's Church is older than Michael's parish. The parish dates back to 1921.
Sight description based on wikipedia
3
Roman Catholic Church

3) Roman Catholic Church

Situated in the city centre, Turku Roman Catholic Church known as Saint Bridget is another attractive place of worship that was built in 1936 by the Hemming congregation, which was founded in 1922. Beautiful religious art works decorate the inside walls of the church. The church was badly destroyed during World War II, but successfully restored in 1966.
4
Betel Church

4) Betel Church

Betel Church is located in the VII District of Turku, Finland. It is a church of the Turku adventism parish. The jugend style church was completed in 1906 according to the plans of Frithiof Strandell. It was later renovated according to the plans of Erik Bryggman in 1927 and has a functional bell tower, among other things. The church is actually quite hidden from pedestrians. In recent years, there have been suggestions to open up a walkway from Yliopistonkatu to Puutarhakatu for pedestrians, thus allowing them to better admire the church. The Betel Church is listed among the most noted buildings of the cultural environment in Finland. In addition to regular services, the church has the vegetarian restaurant KASVIS-ravintola, which serves a lunch buffet. The restaurant uses organic and locally grown produce and also has vegan options.
Sight description based on wikipedia
5
Turku Orthodox Church

5) Turku Orthodox Church

Turku Orthodox Church or the church of Empress Alexandra Martyr is the main church of the Turku orthodox parish. The church was built in under plans drafted by architect Carl Ludvig Engel and was ordered by Nicholas I of Russia on 5 January 1838. Construction, which began in 1839, cost 67,886 rubles and was completed in 1845. The church was consecrated on 2 September 1845. The church was dedicated to Alexandra, the spouse of Diocletian who had publicly became Christianised and suffered a martyr’s death on 23 April 303. Making her the patron saint may have been because of Nicholas I’s own wife’s name Aleksandra Feodorovna.

Most of the icons of the iconostasis come from Valaam Monastery.

The Turku orthodox church cemetery and cemetery chapel are located in Vasaramäki and there are other parish sanctuaries Rauma and Salo.
Sight description based on wikipedia
6
Turku Synagogue

6) Turku Synagogue

Situated in the picturesque VII District, Turku Synagogue is the second synagogue to be built in Finland. The building was designed by architects Hindersson and Krook and served as a synagogue for Turku's Jewish community since 1912. The Turku Synagogue building boasts magnificent architectural features. The synagogue's daily service is held in an impressive environment decorated by beautiful canvases, statues, golden angels, stained glass and window arches that make this synagogue a popular tourist attraction.
7
Turku Cathedral

7) Turku Cathedral (must see)

Turku Cathedral is the Mother Church of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, and the country's national shrine. It is the central church of the Archdiocese of Turku and the seat of the Archbishop of Finland, Kari Mäkinen. It is also regarded as one of the major records of Finnish architectural history.

Considered to be the most important religious building in Finland, the cathedral has borne witness to many important events in the nation's history and has become one of the city's most recognizable symbols. The cathedral is situated in the heart of Turku next to the Old Great Square, by the river Aura. Its presence extends beyond the local precinct by having the sound of its bells chiming at noon broadcast on national radio. It is also central to Finland's annual Christmas celebrations.

The cathedral was originally built out of wood in the late 13th century, and was dedicated as the main cathedral of Finland in 1300, the seat of the bishop of Turku. It was considerably expanded in the 14th and 15th centuries, mainly using stone as the construction material. The cathedral was badly damaged during the Great Fire of Turku in 1827, and was rebuilt to a great extent afterwards.
Sight description based on wikipedia
8
Saint Catherine's Church

8) Saint Catherine's Church

Saint Catherine's Church is located in Nummi, a suburb of Turku, Finland, in the same district as Turku Student Village. It represents the old Medieval church building tradition. Although it was once completely destroyed and has undergone several renovations, it has preserved something of its original appearance and retains the basic plan of a Medieval Finnish church. The construction began in the 1340s, the sacristy being completed first and the church later. Bishop Hemming and Bishop Thomas of Växjö consecrated the church on January 22, 1351. The church was named after its patron saint Catherine of Alexandria in 1991. It was previously located in the region of Kaarina and was known as Kaarina Church. The first mention of Saint Catherine of Alexandria was in a signet with which vicar Jacob of Nummi confirmed the then Episcopal election. However, Nummi, which surrounded the church, became a part of Turku in 1939. Later the church changed its name to St Catherine's Church.
Sight description based on wikipedia

Walking Tours in Turku, Finland

Create Your Own Walk in Turku

Create Your Own Walk in Turku

Creating your own self-guided walk in Turku is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Turku's Architectural Jewels

Turku's Architectural Jewels

The oldest city in Finland, Turku has numerous, attractive old buildings that catch the eye and leave you with a great memory of your stay in this charming city. Each of the prominent landmark constructions of Turku tells its own story. Take the following walking tour to discover the architectural jewels of Turku.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.1 Km or 1.3 Miles
Museums and Art Galleries

Museums and Art Galleries

Turku is a charming city with a variety of attractive and unique art galleries and museums that offer an exciting cultural refreshment. Take this self-guided walking tour to discover the most attractive art venues in Turku such as famous Turun Taidemuseo, fascinating Wäinö Aaltonen Museum of Art and other modern private galleries.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.9 Km or 1.8 Miles
Turku Museums Walking Tour

Turku Museums Walking Tour

Turku’s foundation dates back to the end of the 13th century, making this important industrial and cultural seaport city the oldest in Finland. The city with the highest population in Finland until the end of the 19th century, Turku is also considered the city that has been in the heart of major historical events that influenced present-day Finland. Take this self-guided walking tour to discover...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.1 Km or 1.9 Miles
Turku Introduction Walk

Turku Introduction Walk

The city of Turku is a home to a number of lovely tourist attractions and landmarks fit to make anyone's visit to the city a pleasant holiday experience. This tour will take you to some of the most prominent sights of Turku.

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.0 Km or 3.1 Miles
Cultural Venues

Cultural Venues

Turku has a vibrant cultural life expressed in several theaters, cinemas, a number of exciting galleries and the city philharmonic orchestra. Turku’s popular annual events such as Medieval Market, Turku Music Festival and “Christmas Peace” transform the look of the city and offer a lot of entertainment. Take this self-guided walking tour to discover Turku’s most visited cultural venues.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.2 Km or 1.4 Miles