Lobnoye Mesto, Moscow

Lobnoye Mesto, Moscow

The 13-meter circular stone platform in front of Saint Basil's Cathedral on Red Square derives its name from the two Russian words: Lob ("forehead") and Mesto ("place"). The word “Lob” is also the archaic Russian for a steep river bank. The original platform, made of brick, was built in the 1530s. First mentioned in 1547 as the place of public address to the Muscovites made by Ivan the Terrible, it was used primarily for announcing Tsar's edicts and conducting religious ceremonies.

Despite a common misconception, the platform itself was never used for executions. Sometimes scaffolds were placed nearby, as was in case of the infamous Streletsky execution in 1698 when 100 Royal Guards were hung by Peter the Great for staging a revolt. But usually public beheadings or hangings were carried out at Vasilevsky Spusk behind St. Basil's.

Lobnoye Mesto was also the culmination point of the so-called "donkey walk" on Palm Sunday, during which the Tsar walked on foot, leading the Patriarch of Moscow seated on a donkey, from the city gates to Red Square. The procession ended at the Lobnoye Mesto decorated with a depiction of Calvary.

The nearby Monument to Minin and Pozharsky commemorates the events of 1612 during which Prince Pozharsky ascended the Lobnoye Mesto to pronounce Moscow's liberation from the Polish occupation. In 1786, architect Matvei Kazakov rebuilt the site in white stone adhering to its original location and proportions.

During the Soviet period, the Lobnoye Mesto became something of a Speaker's Corner for voicing protests. Among them was the opposition against the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. In a bid to ensure no unauthorized rallies, access to the Lobnoye Mesto was strictly prohibited and closely guarded by the police (then “militia”).
Sight description based on wikipedia

This sight is featured in a self-guided walking tour of Moscow, Russia within the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" which can be downloaded from iTunes App Store or Google Play. Please download the app to your mobile phone or tablet for travel directions for visiting this sight. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Lobnoye Mesto on Map

Sight Name: Lobnoye Mesto
Sight Location: Moscow, Russia
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Moscow, Russia

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Create Your Own Walk in Moscow

Creating your own self-guided walk in Moscow is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Communist Moscow Tour

Communist Moscow Tour

The arrival of Communist ideology left indelible imprint in the history of the 20th century, largely affecting the lives of people, arts and architecture. Having been at the heart of the Soviet empire for almost 70 years, Moscow is a great destination for everyone interested in the Soviet heritage, the traces of which are found all over the city.

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Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.1 Km or 1.3 Miles
Red Square Walking Tour

Red Square Walking Tour

There's hardly a place in Russia more popular than Moscow's Red Square. Situated in the center of the city, Red Square indeed represents in many ways the very heart of the Russian capital and the whole country. Built in the late 15th century, it has since been a focal point in Russia's social and political life, witnessing many historic events: executions, demonstrations, and...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.0 Km or 0.6 Miles
Moscow Introduction Walk

Moscow Introduction Walk

Moscow (Russian: Moskva) is the capital and the largest city in Russia. Cosmopolitan as such, it is the nation’s political, economic, cultural, scientific and religious center. The city's name is thought to have derived from that of the Moskva River upon which it stands.

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Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.2 Km or 2 Miles
Arbat Street Walking Tour

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The historic center of Moscow is primarily associated with the Arbat, one of the oldest surviving streets in the city, dating back to the early 15th century. The origin of the name “Arbat” is subject to numerous hypotheses referring to the Russian, Tatar, Persian and even Arabic words, meaning "bumpy" or "cart" road, "suburb" or "outskirts", etc.

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Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.3 Km or 0.8 Miles

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