National Monument, Amsterdam

National Monument, Amsterdam

Designed by the famous Dutch architect Jacobus Oud, the Dutch National Monument stands as a memorial to the Second World War. A national icon in Amsterdam, the obelisk is a place famous amongst both locals as well as tourists who visit the city.

Although the structure is popular amongst visitors, very few actually appreciate the underlying symbolism that is crafted on the pillar. Placed in a series of concentric circles, the obelisk is beautifully sculpted with figures of men, canines and birds. The front side of the monument has two male figures that represent the Dutch Resistance Movement while the left and right sides represent the intellectuals and the working class. The canines stand as a symbol of loyalty and suffering. The woman along with the child represents victory, peace and new beginnings, and the doves that ascend to the skies symbolize freedom and liberation.

The urns behind the obelisk hold the soil that was collected from the World War II cemeteries and execution grounds.

Every year, on the 4th of May, the ceremony of Remembrance of the Dead is held at the National monument. The obelisk stands as a representation of all the turmoil, suffering and lives that were lost and sacrificed during the Second World War.

Why You Should Visit:
One of the most important European symbols that recall the immense tragedy of the Second World War.

Tip:
A nice place to make a brief stop along the way to other exhibits within the area.

Want to visit this sight? Check out these Self-Guided Walking Tours in Amsterdam. Alternatively, you can download the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" from iTunes App Store or Google Play. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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National Monument on Map

Sight Name: National Monument
Sight Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands (See walking tours in Amsterdam)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Create Your Own Walk in Amsterdam

Create Your Own Walk in Amsterdam

Creating your own self-guided walk in Amsterdam is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
City Center Walking Tour

City Center Walking Tour

This self guided walking tour takes you to and around Dam Square (New Side) in the historic center of Amsterdam, whose notable buildings and frequent events make it one of the most popular and important locations in the city, much as the whole of the Netherlands. The walk starts from the Centraal Station and includes stops at the neoclassical Royal Palace, the 15th-century Gothic New Church, the...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.4 Km or 1.5 Miles
Southern Canal Belt Walking Tour

Southern Canal Belt Walking Tour

Grachtengordel (Dutch for the Canal District) is an international icon of urban planning and architecture in Amsterdam. Still very much intact after four centuries, the area is known for its small bridges, crossing the canals, and 17th-century homes. Forming a horseshoe around the Old City Centre, the Canal Ring comprises Herengracht, Keizersgracht and Prinsengracht canals, built during...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.3 Km or 2.1 Miles
Amsterdam Food Tour

Amsterdam Food Tour

Starting from the historic Dam Square area, passing through the posh Western Canal ring, and ending in the conveniently-located Jordaan neighborhood, this self-guided walk takes you through Amsterdam's interlocking canals, prettily lit bridges, and a maze of streets laden with some of the most diverse eateries and bars.

From top tastes such as raw herring to indulging in an infinite range...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 Km or 1.7 Miles
Red Light District Walking Tour

Red Light District Walking Tour

Red Light District is the medieval city center of Amsterdam, known for its canals and narrow alleys lined with old-school bars, exotic nightclubs and brothels surrounded by neon-lit red-lights. While legalized prostitution is the main attraction here, alongside sex shops, sex theaters, peep shows and coffee shops selling cannabis, the area also abounds in historically important sights well worth...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.1 Km or 1.3 Miles
Amsterdam Introduction Walking Tour

Amsterdam Introduction Walking Tour

The Netherlands’ capital Amsterdam is the largest and most populous city in the country. Famous for its unusual life rhythm manifested in the air of cannabis, coffee shops, the Red Light District and many other elements, the city keeps drawing annually over 5 million international visitors. Amsterdam's nightlife and festival activity are also well known throughout the world and largely...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.7 Km or 2.9 Miles
Jordaan Walking Tour

Jordaan Walking Tour

The Jordaan is a district of the city of Amsterdam. It was originally a working class neighborhood, but in recent years it has become quite upscale and home to many museums and art galleries, particularly those focused on modern art. The district is also dotted with specialty shops, markets and restaurants. This tour is a perfect opportunity to see the main attractions of the district of Jordaan.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.4 Km or 1.5 Miles

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