National Monument, Amsterdam

National Monument, Amsterdam (must see)

Designed by the famous Dutch architect Jacobus Oud, the Dutch National Monument stands as a memorial to the Second World War. A national icon in Amsterdam, the obelisk is a place famous amongst both locals as well as tourists who visit the city.

Although the structure is popular amongst visitors, very few actually appreciate the underlying symbolism that is crafted on the pillar. Placed in a series of concentric circles, the obelisk is beautifully sculpted with figures of men, canines and birds. The front side of the monument has two male figures that represent the Dutch Resistance Movement while the left and right sides represent the intellectuals and the working class. The canines stand as a symbol of loyalty and suffering. The woman along with the child represents victory, peace and new beginnings, and the doves that ascend to the skies symbolize freedom and liberation.

The urns behind the obelisk hold the soil that was collected from the World War II cemeteries and execution grounds.

Every year, on the 4th of May, the ceremony of Remembrance of the Dead is held at the National monument. The obelisk stands as a representation of all the turmoil, suffering and lives that were lost and sacrificed during the Second World War.

Why You Should Visit:
One of the most important European symbols that recall the immense tragedy of the Second World War.

Tip:
A nice place to make a brief stop along the way to other exhibits within the area.

This sight is featured in a self-guided walking tour of Amsterdam, Netherlands within the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" which can be downloaded from iTunes App Store or Google Play. Please download the app to your mobile phone or tablet for travel directions for visiting this sight. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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National Monument on Map

Sight Name: National Monument
Sight Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Create Your Own Walk in Amsterdam

Create Your Own Walk in Amsterdam

Creating your own self-guided walk in Amsterdam is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Western Canal Belt Walking Tour

Western Canal Belt Walking Tour

One of Amsterdam's most scenic parts, the Western Canal Belt is where the web of historic canals is most tranquil. Various attractions are found here, from tiny shops and cafes to churches, museums and galleries. Fine views and excellent shopping opportunities abound particularly in the "Nine Little Streets" that run between the canals. Take this self-guided walk to explore the best...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.6 Km or 1.6 Miles
Museum Quarter Walk

Museum Quarter Walk

The Museum Quarter (Museumkwartier) of Amsterdam gets its name from the major museums located in Museum Square therein, namely: the Rijksmuseum, the Stedelijk Museum and the Van Gogh Museum. In fact, it is the construction of the former that boosted the development of the whole neighborhood. Other than museums, the area is also home to the world-famous IAmsterdam letters, as well as exclusive...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 0.7 Km or 0.4 Miles
Churches Walking Tour

Churches Walking Tour

Amsterdam's numerous churches are an unique example of architectural diversity. Whether you are a keen church goer or simply interested in the architectural and historic aspects, Amsterdam will not disappoint. Take this self guided walk to visit the important religious sites in Amsterdam. The walk starts from the central station and visit eight religious sites in the city.

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.3 Km or 2.7 Miles
Red Light District Walking Tour

Red Light District Walking Tour

Red Light District is the medieval city center of Amsterdam, known for its canals and narrow alleys lined with old-school bars, exotic nightclubs and brothels surrounded by neon-lit red-lights. While legalized prostitution is the main attraction here, alongside sex shops, sex theaters, peep shows and coffee shops selling cannabis, the area also abounds in historically important sights well worth...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.2 Km or 1.4 Miles
Jordaan Walking Tour

Jordaan Walking Tour

The Jordaan is a district of the city of Amsterdam. It was originally a working class neighborhood, but in recent years it has become quite upscale and home to many museums and art galleries, particularly those focused on modern art. The district is also dotted with specialty shops, markets and restaurants. This tour is a perfect opportunity to see the main attractions of the district of Jordaan.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.4 Km or 1.5 Miles
Amsterdam Food Walk

Amsterdam Food Walk

Starting from the historic Dam Square area, passing through the posh Western Canal ring, and ending in the conveniently-located Jordaan neighborhood, this self-guided walk takes you through Amsterdam's interlocking canals, prettily lit bridges, and a maze of streets laden with some of the most diverse eateries and bars.

From top tastes such as raw herring to indulging in an infinite range...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 Km or 1.7 Miles

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