Sanaa Ghumdan Fortress, Sanaa

Sanaa Ghumdan Fortress, Sanaa

Ghumdan Palaceis an ancient palace and fortress in Sana'a. It may date to pre-Islamic times, constructed by the Sabaeans in the mid 3rd century by the last great Sabaean King Ilsharah Yahdub, although some historians date it to the beginning of the 2nd century or even the 1st century. The palace was destroyed by Caliph Uthman, or even earlier, by the Abyssinian conqueror Abrahah Al-Hubashi. Restored several times, the palace history is rich in legends and tales. Ghumdan Palace tower, a 20-storey high rise building, is believed by some to have been the world's earliest skyscraper.Though the old palace is now in ruins, its style, a towered, multi-floor structure, has provided the prototype for the tower type houses built in Sana’a.The palace was used by the last Himyarite kings who had ruled Yemen from Ghumdan and was once the residence of Abhalah.It was reportedly destroyed by Caliph Uthman in the 7th century because he feared it could be used as a stronghold for a rebellion. The palace was rebuilt some time later.

Most claims are between six and ten storeys. However, al-Hamadi claims it to have been 20 stories high with each floor being 13 meters in height, perhaps referring to the tower of the palace. Built over a square layout, the four outer faces of the palace were of marble in white, black, green and red. The top floor of the tower contained the Bilqis Hall. The four openings at the four corners of the hall provided a closer view of the moon, worshiped by kings in ancient Yemen.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.

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Sanaa Ghumdan Fortress on Map

Sight Name: Sanaa Ghumdan Fortress
Sight Location: Sanaa, Yemen (See walking tours in Sanaa)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Sanaa, Yemen

Create Your Own Walk in Sanaa

Create Your Own Walk in Sanaa

Creating your own self-guided walk in Sanaa is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Modern Sanaa Tour

Modern Sanaa Tour

Sanaa, a beautiful Arabian city with a heavy concentration of unique architectural landmarks, as the capital of Yemen contains the country’s best mosques, parks and attractions. Take the following tour to discover Sanaa’s modern district, see Yemen’s most beautiful mosque and other popular sites.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.2 Km or 2.6 Miles
Sanaa Old Town Tour

Sanaa Old Town Tour

Dating back to the 10th century BC, Sanaa is one of the world’s oldest cities. Its historic district is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its astonishing architecture, including houses originally decorated with friezes and beautiful stained glass windows, are unique. Take the following tour down the ancient streets of Sanaa’s Old Town and discover thousands of years of history.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.5 Km or 1.6 Miles
Sanaa Bir-al Azab District Tour

Sanaa Bir-al Azab District Tour

Bir-al-Azab, within Sanaa’s Old Town, appeared in the 14th century as a place for state institutions and residences for the city’s aristocracy. This district’s central point, Al-Tahrir Square, is surrounded by museums and a number of cafes, restaurants and shops. Take the following tour to discover the fascinating attractions in Sanaa’s Bir-al Azab district.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.0 Km or 2.5 Miles