Zitadelle (Citadel), Mainz

Zitadelle (Citadel), Mainz

The Citadel was built on Jakobsberg hill in 1660 as part of the Fortress Mainz. Jakobsberg hill was a strategic location, and the Citadel was built to protect the city. The Citadel was constructed on the site of a Benedictine abbey that dated to 1050. The Citadel is one of Germany's few remaining ancient citadels.

Mainz's location on the Rhine and in the center of the Holy Roman Empire made it a vital port and city. Mainz became part of the Grand Duchy of Hesse, which wanted more fortifications for this strategic location. The citadel survived many incursions and occupations. Residents sought shelter in the citadel during World War II.

Today, the Citadel hosts municipal offices and special events. It is a popular location for festivals and concerts such as the Christmas Market and the Citadel Festival. The Open-Ohr youth festival is one of the highlights of the year.

Tours are led by costumed guides who take visitors through the citadel, underground structures, and the moat.

Visitors will find the impressive Drusus stone at the southwest corner of the Citadel. This 20-meter (66-foot) tall Roman monument was erected in 9 AD. The monument honors the Drusus, a popular Roman general.

Want to visit this sight? Check out these Self-Guided Walking Tours in Mainz. Alternatively, you can download the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" from iTunes App Store or Google Play. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

Download The GPSmyCity App

Download 'GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities' app for IOS   Download 'GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities' app for Android

Zitadelle (Citadel) on Map

Sight Name: Zitadelle (Citadel)
Sight Location: Mainz, Germany (See walking tours in Mainz)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Mainz, Germany

Create Your Own Walk in Mainz

Create Your Own Walk in Mainz

Creating your own self-guided walk in Mainz is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
In the Footsteps of Gutenberg

In the Footsteps of Gutenberg

The capital of Rhineland-Palatinate, Mainz has made a name throughout the world as Gutenberg's city, the birthplace of Johannes Gutenberg and his great invention, the first movable metal-type printing press. It is precisely for this important heritage that Mainz has retained its importance as a hub for some of Germany's oldest publishing houses.

Following in the footsteps of Gutenberg...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.2 Km or 0.7 Miles
Mainz Introduction Walking Tour

Mainz Introduction Walking Tour

Mainz is the Rhineland-Palatinate state capital and its largest city. It is located on the Rhine river, where the Main river joins the Rhine. Mainz has remained a prosperous city and is an important container port hub.

Mainz was founded as a Roman military fortress in the 1st century BC. The Roman stronghold was called Mogontiacum. Visitors can see several Roman shipwrecks and learn more about...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.3 Km or 2.1 Miles