Citadel of Qaitbay, Alexandria

Citadel of Qaitbay, Alexandria (must see)

The Citadel of Qaitbay is a 15th century defensive fortress located on the Mediterranean sea coast, built upon/from the ruins of the Lighthouse of Alexandria. It was established in 1477 AD by Sultan Al-Ashraf Sayf al-Din Qa'it Bay. The Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria is considered one of the most important defensive strongholds, not only in Egypt, but also along the Mediterranean Sea coast. It was erected on the exact site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It formulated an important part of the fortification system of Alexandria in the 15th century AD.

The British fleet bombarded Alexandria violently on 11 July 1882 and damaged a large part of the city, especially in the area of the Citadel. This attack cracked the fortress, causing great damage. The north and western facades were severely damaged as a result of cannon explosions, aimed directly at the structure. The western facade was completely destroyed, leaving large gaps in it. Unfortunately, the Citadel then remained neglected, until 1904 when the Ministry of Defence restored the Upper floors. After the revolution of 1952 the Egyptian Naval troops turned the building to a Maritime Museum. The biggest restoration work dates back to 1984, when the Egyptian Antiquities Organization made ambitious plans to restore the fort.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.

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Citadel of Qaitbay on Map

Sight Name: Citadel of Qaitbay
Sight Location: Alexandria, Egypt (See walking tours in Alexandria)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Alexandria, Egypt

Create Your Own Walk in Alexandria

Create Your Own Walk in Alexandria

Creating your own self-guided walk in Alexandria is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Alexandria Introduction Walking Tour III

Alexandria Introduction Walking Tour III

Alexandria is a beautiful city, surrounded by marvelous monuments and buildings. It is considered to be one of the most historical cities of Egypt. The city of Alexandria features a large number of wonderful mosques, palaces and other buildings, which are mostly remains from Roman times. These amazing attractions are unique and worth seeing. Take the following self-guided tour to explore beautiful...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 6.7 Km or 4.2 Miles
Alexandria Introduction Walking Tour II

Alexandria Introduction Walking Tour II

Alexandria is a beautiful city, surrounded by marvelous monuments and buildings. It is considered to be one of the most historical cities of Egypt. The city of Alexandria features a large number of wonderful mosques, palaces and other buildings, which are mostly remains from Roman times. These amazing attractions are unique and worth seeing. Take the following self-guided tour to explore beautiful...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 6.4 Km or 4 Miles
Alexandria Introduction Walking Tour I

Alexandria Introduction Walking Tour I

The second largest city in Egypt, Alexandria used to be one of the most significant and famous cities in the world. Founded by Alexander the Great, Alexandria was Egypt's capital for about a thousand years. The city was well known because of its library, the biggest in the ancient world, the light house and many other outstanding buildings. Check out Alexandria's top attractions in the...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.9 Km or 3.7 Miles