First Baptist Church, Columbia

First Baptist Church, Columbia

The First Baptist Church is a historic Greek Revival building constructed in 1856. The church, first organized in 1809, originally built its first sanctuary on Sumter Street in 1811. The current edifice, funded by James P. Boyce, a former president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, was erected by an unknown architect and stands as a significant architectural and historical landmark in Columbia.

A pivotal moment in American history took place within the walls of the First Baptist Church. On December 17, 1860, the church hosted a convention that would lead to South Carolina's secession from the United States, an event that precipitated the American Civil War. Chosen for this momentous occasion due to its status as the largest meeting place in Columbia at the time, the church became the site where 159 delegates, under the chairmanship of D. F. Jamison, voted unanimously in favor of secession following the election of Abraham Lincoln as President.

This decisive vote not only marked South Carolina's secession but also set a precedent for six other Southern states to follow suit before the outbreak of the Civil War at Fort Sumter. The convention's decision underscored the contentious debate over states' rights and secession, an issue that had never been definitively resolved in a court of law. The unanimous vote at the First Baptist Church highlighted the urgency and fervor with which these states pursued their secessionist ambitions.

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First Baptist Church on Map

Sight Name: First Baptist Church
Sight Location: Columbia, USA (See walking tours in Columbia)
Sight Type: Religious
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Columbia, South Carolina

Create Your Own Walk in Columbia

Create Your Own Walk in Columbia

Creating your own self-guided walk in Columbia is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Columbia Introduction Walking Tour

Columbia Introduction Walking Tour

Columbia is a beautiful city, the largest one in South Carolina, with a great history and beautiful landmarks. It has a large number of old houses that are now museums and that represent a whole part of the history. All these houses have been named after famous personalities and families from years ago. Take this tour and discover the beauty of downtown attractions.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.6 Km or 2.2 Miles
Historical Houses and Buildings Walk

Historical Houses and Buildings Walk

Columbia is a city rich in history and architectural heritage, boasting an array of historical houses and buildings that offer a window into its storied past. From grand antebellum mansions and elegant townhomes to significant public buildings and modest residences, these structures reflect the diverse cultural, social, and economic tapestry of the city. Each building tells a unique story, whether...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.7 Km or 1.7 Miles