Monas (National Monument), Jakarta

Monas (National Monument), Jakarta (must see)

Designed by architects Frederich Silaban (the same architect who designed Istiqlal Mosque) and R.M. Soedarsono and built during the first Indonesian president, Sukarno, the Monas or National Monument is meant to commemorate the Indonesian people who fought for the national independence. The monument encapsulates Indonesian symbols such as the rice pestle (the upper part of the monument) and the mortar (the lower part of the monument), the numbers 17, 8 and 45 (August 17th, 1945 – the date when Indonesia’s Independence was proclaimed) and a gold plated flame called the Independence Flame, a pledge that the country will always remain an independent territory.

The monument measures 132 meters in height and features a larger part at the bottom (interpreted as the mortar or the yoni – female reproductive organs) and a high upper part (representing the pestle or the lingga – the phallus). In traditional beliefs, the monument is also a sign of people’s fertility and its power of surviving throughout the time.

The lower part hosts a History Museum where tourists can admire sequences of Indonesia’s history, starting with prehistory and ending with the declaration of Independence; there is also an Independence Hall where a copy of the Proclamation of Indonesia’s Independence is displayed.

The top part offers tourists a panoramic view over Jakarta. In sunny days, the ocean and Salak Mountain can be admired from the Observation Platform located on top of the monument, near the gold plated flame.

Want to visit this sight? Check out these Self-Guided Walking Tours in Jakarta. Alternatively, you can download the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" from iTunes App Store or Google Play. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Monas (National Monument) on Map

Sight Name: Monas (National Monument)
Sight Location: Jakarta, Indonesia (See walking tours in Jakarta)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Jakarta, Indonesia

Create Your Own Walk in Jakarta

Create Your Own Walk in Jakarta

Creating your own self-guided walk in Jakarta is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Jakarta's Historical Buildings II

Jakarta's Historical Buildings II

The tour continues with the neo-gothic Catholic church - Gereja Immanuel that will impress you with its architectural features and that represents a reminder of Jakarta's past. Don't pass by some of the most important historic attractions in Jakarta, mostly located on Merdeka Square - one of the largest urban plazas in the world. The National Museum of Jakarta is also a great way to...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.5 Km or 1.6 Miles
West Jakarta Walking Tour

West Jakarta Walking Tour

The western region of Jakarta city has much for the visitor to admire. You can see some fascinating museums, great shops and renowned architectural sites and monuments. Take our West Jakarta Walking Tour to discover the beauty of this part of the city.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.4 Km or 3.4 Miles
Jakarta's Historical Buildings I

Jakarta's Historical Buildings I

Jakarta is an old city that has seen a lot of change over the course of its 1,700-year history. Today you can see a lot of fascinating buildings and other sites that show the imprint history had on the city, particularly by British and Dutch colonization. Historic places of worship also pay testament to the popularity of Buddhism and Confucianism over the course of time. Take our two-part tour to...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.6 Km or 1.6 Miles
Central Jakarta Walk

Central Jakarta Walk

Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, is a massive metropolis and a melting pot of cultures historically inhabiting the city – Asian and European – each leaving their imprint on the local architecture, language, cuisine, etc. Follow this orientation walk to explore some of the key sights of Central Jakarta to learn about the city's eventful past and present.

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 6.4 Km or 4 Miles
Jakarta's Top Religious Sites

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Indonesia has six official religions: Catholicism, Protestantism, Islam, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Most of these faiths began here during the country’s colonial times. Thanks to the city’s religious diversity, Jakarta is home to a large number of wonderful churches, temples and mosques that a visitor can admire on this tour.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.1 Km or 1.9 Miles
North Jakarta Walking Tour

North Jakarta Walking Tour

The beautiful city of Jakarta traces its history all the way back to the fourth century. The city's heritage is well manifested in its customs, food, culture and language. North Jakarta, in particular, has many interesting attractions for a visitor to see, including museums, temples and mosques. Take our North Jakarta Walking Tour to see the best sights in the area.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.7 Km or 2.9 Miles

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