Newgate Prison, London

Newgate Prison, London

A notorious prison that once stood on the corner of Old Bailey and Newgate Street, at the original site of a gate in the Roman London Wall, Newgate was London’s main prison infamous for public executions held outside and drawing large crowds. Built in 1188 and demolished in 1902, the prison was extended and rebuilt many times throughout its 700+ year service.

Dickens was fascinated by prisons all through his life and campaigned powerfully for the executions to be taken inside the prison walls. He was alive when the legislation requiring that was finally passed in 1868. Passionate social critic as he was, Dickens visited Newgate several times and on 6 July 1840, together with his friend and fellow writer William Makepeace Thackeray, witnessed a public hanging of François Benjamin Courvoisier.

Dickens also mentions Newgate in a number of his works, namely:
- In the 1836 sketch "A Visit to Newgate" (written for inclusion in the collected work Sketches by Boz).
- In the "Oliver Twist" novel, he describes Fagin’s last night alive in Newgate, and Oliver's witnessing his hanging.
- In "Barnaby Rudge", Hugh, Dennis, and Barnaby are imprisoned at Newgate in cells refitted after the prison was burned down during the Gordon Riots in 1780.
- In "Great Expectations”, Wemmick and Pip visit the prison while Pip is awaiting the arrival in London of Estella.
Sight description based on wikipedia

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Newgate Prison on Map

Sight Name: Newgate Prison
Sight Location: London, England (See walking tours in London)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in London, England

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Create Your Own Walk in London

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Covent Garden Walking Tour

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Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.0 Km or 1.9 Miles
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Shakespeare's London Walking Tour

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Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.7 Km or 2.9 Miles
City of London Walking Tour

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The Tower Bridge and the...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.9 Km or 1.8 Miles
Harry Potter Walking Tour II

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On Part II of the self-guided Happy Potter Walking Tour, you...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.1 Km or 2.5 Miles
Beatles London Walking Tour

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Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.9 Km or 3 Miles
London's Historic Pubs Walk

London's Historic Pubs Walk

If there’s any more iconic symbol for London than Big Ben or the London Eye, then it must be the traditional English pub. And London sure is full of them, dating from pre-Victorian times to just about five minutes ago.

With so much history surrounding London there is no shortage of historic pubs to choose from. Whether you fancy half-timbered, rambling watering holes or small but perfectly...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.6 Km or 3.5 Miles

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