Palatine Hill, Rome

Palatine Hill, Rome (must see)

The city of Rome sits on seven hills and the Palatine Hill is the center-most of them. Reputedly, it is also place where Romulus and Remus were found in a cave. In 2007, the spot closely resembling the Lupercal Cave of Romulus and Remus was finally discovered. When they grew up, the twins set out to build a city of their own. While Remus wanted to build it on Aventine Hill, Romulus had his mind set firmly on Palatine Hill. The brothers argued fiercely and during the fight Romulus killed Remus. He went on to build the city eventually, calling it Rome, and reigned there as a king.

As time went by, the hill proved popular with the upper-class citizens who built here palaces and villas, not only for the prestige, but also for the magnificent views it provided. In fact, the word “palace”, nowadays closely associated with power, affluence and extravagance, originates from the Palatine Hill.

During the Middle Ages, churches and convents found place here as well. In the 17th century, Cardinal Farnese established here the world's first private botanical gardens. Among the ruins found today on the hill, one can see the remains of Septimus Severus’s palace and baths. To the north of them are the remnants of the two wings of what was once Domitian’s palace and a small private stadium. Further northwest is the ruins of the House of Livia, wife of Emperor Augustus. All these ruins, complete with the ancient artifacts discovered on the site and exhibited at the Palatine Museum, such as fine pottery, mosaics and others, illustrate the lavish lifestyle enjoyed by the privileged class of the Roman Empire back in the day.

When visiting the Palatine Hill, one should make sure to wear a hat and comfortable shoes, as the paths and steps here can be quite steep and uneven. Also, bringing along some water and snacks is strongly recommended since finding vending machines can be quite tricky and the hike up the Palatine Hill may prove exhausting on an empty stomach.

Why You Should Visit:
Huge area to roam and walk around levels and levels of impressive ruins, plus fantastic views over the city and Colosseum.

Tip:
"Super" tickets allow access to many of the Hill's attractions (there is a choice on which special site to visit), as well as the Roman Forum and the Colosseum.
Grab water and snacks before entry as finding vending machines can be quite tricky and the hike up the main hill is exhausting on an empty stomach.
You might also want to consider bringing a hat, sunscreen and a pair of sensible footwear – the paths and steps can be steep or uneven.

Opening Hours:
Daily: 8:30am-4:30pm (Jan 2–Feb 15); 8:30am-5pm (Feb 16–Mar 15); 8:30am-5:30pm (Mar 16–last Sat of March); 8:30am-7:15pm (last Sun of March–Aug 31); 8:30am-7pm (Sep 1–30); 8:30am-6:30pm (Oct 1–last Sat of Oct); 8:30am-4:30pm (last Sun of Oct–Dec 31)
Last admission always one hour before closing time. CLOSED: Dec 25, Jan 1.

This sight is featured in a self-guided walking tour of Rome, Italy within the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" which can be downloaded from iTunes App Store or Google Play. Please download the app to your mobile phone or tablet for travel directions for visiting this sight. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Palatine Hill on Map

Sight Name: Palatine Hill
Sight Location: Rome, Italy
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) containing this sight: City Orientation Walk I   Ancient Rome around Colosseum  

Walking Tours in Rome, Italy

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Fountains and Squares Walk

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City Orientation Walk I

City Orientation Walk I

Legend has it that Rome was founded in 753 BC by twin brothers Romulus and Remus who were raised by a she-wolf. However, the pair argued about who had the support of the gods, and Romulus ended up killing Remus in a fight on what became Palatine Hill. Thus, Romulus named the city after himself and declared himself as king.

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Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 Km or 1.7 Miles
Ancient Rome around Colosseum

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Holy Sites Walking Tour

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Being the cradle of the Catholic Church, one of the world's biggest religions, Rome has a large number of valuable, sacred places of worship. Crowded with architectural splendors from different periods of time, each church and basilica represents a significant part of Rome's culture and history. Take this self-guided walking tour to discover Rome's magnificent religious heritage.

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Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.6 Km or 2.2 Miles

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