Royal Citadel, Plymouth

Royal Citadel, Plymouth (must see)

The Royal Citadel was built in the late 1660s to the design of Sir Bernard de Gomme. It is at the eastern end of Plymouth Hoe overlooking Plymouth Sound, and encompasses the site of the earlier fort that had been built in the time of Sir Francis Drake. During the Dutch Wars of 1664-67 King Charles II decided that it was necessary to realise the importance of Plymouth as a channel port. The original plan was to build a regular self-contained fort with five bastions, to the west of Drake's Fort, but this was revised to take in the earlier fort, resulting in the Citadel's irregular outline. Work began in March 1665, but it was not until 18 July 1666 that the foundation stone was laid by John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath. This stone, inscribed 'Jo Earle of Bathe 1666', is still in the wall facing the Hoe.

The Citadel is built of local limestone, while the English Baroque gateway, designed by Sir Thomas Fitz, is of Portland stone. The gateway was originally approached by a drawbridge over a dry moat, but these were removed with all the other outworks in the 1880s. The Royal Citadel was the most important English defence for over 100 years, with 70 ft high walls, and was regularly strengthened over the years, particularly during the 1750s when it was equipped with 113 guns. The Royal Citadel is still occupied by the military, being the base of 29 Commando Regiment of the Royal Artillery.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.

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Royal Citadel on Map

Sight Name: Royal Citadel
Sight Location: Plymouth, England (See walking tours in Plymouth)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Plymouth, England

Create Your Own Walk in Plymouth

Create Your Own Walk in Plymouth

Creating your own self-guided walk in Plymouth is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Historical Barbican Neighborhood

Historical Barbican Neighborhood

Plymouth's Barbican neighbourhood is the oldest in the city, located in the old harbour area. Being one of the few parts of the city to escape destruction during the WWII Blitz, the Barbican boasts architecture from the early sixteenth century and on. Discover Barbican's wonderful mix of historic buildings, lively pubs and restaurants with this walking tour guide.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 0.5 Km or 0.3 Miles
Plymouth Introduction Walking Tour

Plymouth Introduction Walking Tour

Plymouth, one of Britain's most prominent cities, boasts a great maritime heritage and a number of landmarks of both aesthetic and historic value. Barbican district – home of the Mayflower Steps, a place from where the Pilgrim Fathers embarked on their voyage to America in 1620; and the Sutton Harbour - home to the National Marine Aquarium, are just some of them. The following orientation...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.6 Km or 3.5 Miles