Smeaton's Tower, Plymouth

Smeaton's Tower, Plymouth (must see)

Smeaton's Tower is the third and most notable Eddystone Lighthouse. It marked a major step forward in the design of lighthouses. In use until 1877, it was largely dismantled and rebuilt on Plymouth Hoe, where it now stands as a memorial to its designer, John Smeaton, the celebrated civil engineer. Smeaton was recommended to the task by the Royal Society and he modelled the shape of his lighthouse on that of an oak tree, using granite blocks. He pioneered the use of "hydraulic lime," a form of concrete that will set under water, and developed a technique of securing the granite blocks together using dovetail joints and marble dowels.

Construction started in 1756 at a site in Millbay where Smeaton built a jetty and workyard in the south west corner of the harbour for unloading and working the stone. The work was completed in August 1759, at a cost of £40,000. Many of the men employed in the construction were Cornish tin miners, and to avoid the possibility of press ganging, which was rife at the time, Trinity House arranged with the Admiralty in Plymouth that each man was issued with a medal to confirm that they were working on the lighthouse. Smeaton's tower has been a Grade I listed building since 1954. It is open for visitors who may climb the 93 steps, including steep ladders, to the lantern room and see the views of Plymouth Sound and the city.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.

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Smeaton's Tower on Map

Sight Name: Smeaton's Tower
Sight Location: Plymouth, England (See walking tours in Plymouth)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Plymouth, England

Create Your Own Walk in Plymouth

Create Your Own Walk in Plymouth

Creating your own self-guided walk in Plymouth is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Plymouth Introduction Walking Tour

Plymouth Introduction Walking Tour

Plymouth, one of Britain's most prominent cities, boasts a great maritime heritage and a number of landmarks of both aesthetic and historic value. Barbican district – home of the Mayflower Steps, a place from where the Pilgrim Fathers embarked on their voyage to America in 1620; and the Sutton Harbour - home to the National Marine Aquarium, are just some of them. The following orientation...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.6 Km or 3.5 Miles
Historical Barbican Neighborhood

Historical Barbican Neighborhood

Plymouth's Barbican neighbourhood is the oldest in the city, located in the old harbour area. Being one of the few parts of the city to escape destruction during the WWII Blitz, the Barbican boasts architecture from the early sixteenth century and on. Discover Barbican's wonderful mix of historic buildings, lively pubs and restaurants with this walking tour guide.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 0.5 Km or 0.3 Miles