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St. Florian's Gate Tower, Krakow

St. Florian's Gate Tower, Krakow (must see)

You sense the history of Krakow when you try to imagine what it must have been like to approach its well-defended brick and mortar walls during medieval times. This tower, first mentioned in 1307, had been built as part of a protective rampart around Kraków after the Tatar attack of 1241 which destroyed most of the city. The permit for the construction of new city defenses featuring stone watchtowers, fortified gates and a moat was issued in 1285. The gate named after St. Florian became the main entryway to the Old Town. It was connected by a long bridge to the circular Barbican (Barbakan) erected of brick on the other side of the moat. According to records, by 1473 there were 17 towers defending the city; a century later, there were 33. At the height of its existence, the wall featured 47 watchtowers and eight gates. Also, in 1565–66 a municipal arsenal was built next to St. Florian's Gate.

The Gate Tower is 33.5 meters tall. The Baroque metal "helmet" that crowns the gate, constructed in 1660 and renovated in 1694, adds another meter to its overall height. St. Florian's is the only city gate, of the original eight built in the Middle Ages, that was not dismantled during the 19th-century "modernization" of Kraków. The adjoining city walls and two additional, smaller towers had been preserved and today host street displays of amateur art available for purchase.

The south face of St. Florian's Gate is adorned with an 18th-century bas-relief of St. Florian. The tower's north face bears a stone eagle that was carved in 1882 by Zygmunt Langman, based on a design by painter Jan Matejko. Inside the gate is an altar with a late-Baroque copy of a classicist painting of the Piaskowa Madonna.

Tip:
Do yourself a favour and take 30 mins to walk through Planty Park to this Gate.
The Gate Tower itself is good to see also at night when it is lighted... check the details!
Don't forget to check out the artists displaying their wares nearby and to go through the Gate to see the old round Barbican fort.

Opening Hours:
Mon-Sat: 9am-6pm
Sight description based on wikipedia

This sight is featured in a self-guided walking tour of Krakow, Poland within the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" which can be downloaded from iTunes App Store or Google Play. Please download the app to your mobile phone or tablet for travel directions for visiting this sight. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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St. Florian's Gate Tower on Map

Sight Name: St. Florian's Gate Tower
Sight Location: Krakow, Poland
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Krakow, Poland

Create Your Own Walk in Krakow

Create Your Own Walk in Krakow

Creating your own self-guided walk in Krakow is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Daily Life Walk in Krakow Kazimierz

Daily Life Walk in Krakow Kazimierz

Kazimierz is a farmer Jewish district. It was founded in the 14th century by the King Casimir. It might be called the most charming district in the city. The largest street, Szeroka, has many lovely cafés and restaurants, boutiques and shops. Things are really zipping along here. Learn about the residents of Kazimierz and their daily life routine through the following tour.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.7 Km or 1.1 Miles
Art Galleries Walk in Krakow

Art Galleries Walk in Krakow

Krakow is the cultural capital of Poland. Contemporary art flourishes here. There are many galleries in the city. Krakow is proud of its talented artists whose works have been exhibited in Poland and abroad, winning prestigious international awards. Those who appreciate art will surely find exclusive, interesting works here.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.2 Km or 2 Miles
Places of Worship Walking Tour in Krakow

Places of Worship Walking Tour in Krakow

Krakow, earlier considered “the Northern Rome” is a city of many churches. It is the center of the religious life of the country. New churches continue to appear today, but the most attractive and interesting for tourists are the old ones. Some of them have wonderful architecture, others are picturesque or have historical value. Many of them possess relics and old manuscripts. Check out the...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.5 Km or 3.4 Miles
Krakow Old Town District Self-guided Tour

Krakow Old Town District Self-guided Tour

The Old Town is an ideal district for sightseeing as it is free of traffic and you can enjoy a quiet walk and some fresh air. The district has many attractions, including historical buildings and monuments, grand churches and museums. Here you can see Krakow’s oldest architecture. The residents began building the Old Town in the 13th century. At that time it was surrounded by great city walls...  view more

Tour Duration: 4 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.8 Km or 3.6 Miles
Krakow Introduction Walk

Krakow Introduction Walk

In the course of fifteen centuries Krakow has evolved from a tiny hamlet at the top of the Wawel Hill, overlooking the Vistula River, to one of Europe's culturally richest destinations. One of a kind on the list of the World Heritage Sights, Krakow is a recognized center of the academic, artistic and cultural life of Poland. Take this orientation walk to acquaint yourself with some of the...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.5 Km or 2.8 Miles
Museums Tour in Krakow's Old Town

Museums Tour in Krakow's Old Town

Krakow, the second capital of Poland, is the cultural center which is why you will find a lot of museums of all kinds here. Learn about the history of Krakow and Poland at the Historical Museum and learn about the nation’s traditions at the National Museum. There are also unique collections you will not find anywhere else in the world. A great deal of museums are dedicated to ancient, medieval...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.0 Km or 1.9 Miles