Hohensalzburg Fortress, Salzburg

Hohensalzburg Fortress, Salzburg (must see)

The Hohensalzburg Fortress is one of the largest medieval castles in Europe. It was built to protect the city and the ruling archbishops from enemy armies and insurgents.

Archbishop Gebhard von Helfenstein commissioned the construction of the Hohensalzburg Fortress in 1077 to protect Salzburg during a conflict between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII. At the time, the fortress was a simple wooden structure. Successive Archbishops expanded Hohensalzburg. Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach expanded the structure and gave it its present shape and grandeur. In 1525, a group of Protestant peasants attempted to depose Archbishop Prince-Archbishop Matthäus Lang but were unable to take the castle. Some of the bullet marks caused by the siege can be still seen in the pillars. Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau was imprisoned here. After the occupation by Napoleon’s army, it was used as barracks, a dungeon, and a storage depot. It became a tourist attraction after the installation of the Festungsbahn cable car in 1892.

The Hohensalzburg Fortress today remains one of Europe’s best-preserved castles. There is a small museum located inside exhibiting its history. Another notable feature is a large mechanical organ with 200 pipes called the Salzburg Bull placed in the Kraut Tower of the castle. The Golden Hall, the Golden Chamber and the bedchamber are richly adorned rooms in the interior of the fortress.

Why You Should Visit:
It is worth visiting this fortress for the view alone, but it is also a fascinating tour.
They do a great job telling the story of this fortress and its growth over the centuries.
The only downside is the crowds, but that shouldn't detract from the coolness of what you're looking at.

Tip:
Take advantage of online booking using the 'early bird' pricing. You scan tickets from your device to get access to the castle.
As usual, you exit through the gift shop, but the amber store has some nifty items (amber is apparently a thing in Salzburg).

Opening Hours:
Daily: 9am-7pm (May-Sep); 9:30am-5pm (Oct-Apr)

This sight is featured in a self-guided walking tour of Salzburg, Austria within the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" which can be downloaded from iTunes App Store or Google Play. Please download the app to your mobile phone or tablet for travel directions for visiting this sight. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Hohensalzburg Fortress on Map

Sight Name: Hohensalzburg Fortress
Sight Location: Salzburg, Austria
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Salzburg, Austria

Create Your Own Walk in Salzburg

Create Your Own Walk in Salzburg

Creating your own self-guided walk in Salzburg is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Mozart Heritage Tour

Mozart Heritage Tour

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born and lived in the city of Salzburg, leaving a tremendous imprint on the history and culture of the city. The remarkable life of the classical composer was secularized in the architecture of the buildings, theaters and streets. This is a special walking tour for those who want to know more about the heritage The Salzburg Son left for future generations.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.8 Km or 1.1 Miles
Old Town Nightlife

Old Town Nightlife

Salzburg, known worldwide as the city of Mozart, offers its visitors a large spectrum of nightlife. The city is home to many clubs with a fantastic atmosphere. Get started with this walking tour of the Old Town to become acquainted with the wonderful nightlife available on your visit to Salzburg.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.2 Km or 0.7 Miles
Sound of Music Tour

Sound of Music Tour

A true mecca for music fans, Salzburg – the hometown of Mozart – has no shortage of visitors. The iconic blockbuster of 1965, The Sound of Music further added a great deal of popularity to the city. Set in Salzburg on the eve of World War II, the movie follows the lead characters – the Von Trapp family and their nanny, played by Julie Andrews – all around the city, capturing the idyllic...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.0 Km or 3.1 Miles
Religious Walking Tour

Religious Walking Tour

Salzburg is listed as an UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to countless cultural, architectural, and religious landmarks. The city features numerous historic places of worship, from small churches and abbeys to the impressive Salzburg Cathedral. Take the following walking tour to discover Salzburg's holy places and their history.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.5 Km or 1.6 Miles
Old Town, Right Bank Walk

Old Town, Right Bank Walk

Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt) is internationally renowned for its baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. As a tourist of this wonderful city, don't miss the opportunity to visit the streets of Old Town and sites presented on this tour.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.7 Km or 1.1 Miles
Salzburg Introduction Walk

Salzburg Introduction Walk

The Austrian city of Salzburg straddles the Salzach River near the German border in the Eastern Alps. It went down in history primarily as the hometown of great composer Mozart, whose birthplace is now a museum and the main local attraction. Other than that, Salzburg is also famous for its medieval and baroque architecture, as well as for the abundance of “platzes” (squares) that make up much...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.1 Km or 2.5 Miles