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Mozart Walking Tour (Self Guided), Salzburg

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born and lived in the city of Salzburg, leaving a tremendous imprint on the history and culture of the city. The remarkable life of the classical composer was secularized in the architecture of the buildings, theaters and streets. This is a special walking tour for those who want to know more about the heritage The Salzburg Son left for future generations.
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Mozart Walking Tour Map

Guide Name: Mozart Walking Tour
Guide Location: Austria » Salzburg (See other walking tours in Salzburg)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 9
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.4 Km or 1.5 Miles
Author: julian
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Mozartplatz
  • Salzburg Cathedral (Dom)
  • St. Peter's Church and Cemetery
  • Café Tomaselli
  • Mozart's Birthplace
  • Marionette Theater
  • Mozart Residence
  • Mozarteum University Salzburg
  • St. Sebastian Church and Cemetery
1
Mozartplatz

1) Mozartplatz (must see)

Mozartplatz is the square in Salzburg dedicated to its most famous son, the composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It is one of the most visited locations in the city today.

Mozartplatz is located in the center of the old town near the New Residence of the Archbishops of Salzburg. It is dominated by a statue of Mozart created by sculptor Ludwig von Schwanthaler. The present Mozartplatz was known as Michaelsplatz before the monument was unveiled. A baroque fountain with the statue of St. Michael on its central pillar facing St. Michael’s Church was replaced by the Mozart monument. The monument was constructed at a time when the city was economically depressed because of the Napoleonic Wars. King Ludwig I of Bavaria, a great admirer of Mozart’s works donated the funds to erect the monument. The monument to Mozart in Mozartplatz was unveiled in 1842 in the presence of his two sons.

Mozartplatz today is a place where visitors to Salzburg get their photographs taken. Next to the marble base of the statue is a Roman mosaic found by workers while erecting the monument. Several souvenir stores, coffee shops, a tourist office, and an information office are located around the square.

Why You Should Visit:
Great place to visit after dark and often there are musicians playing near the statue.
2
Salzburg Cathedral (Dom)

2) Salzburg Cathedral (Dom) (must see)

The Salzburg Cathedral is the most significant church in Salzburg. It is a magnificent Baroque structure built in the 17th century. The Cathedral still contains the baptismal font in which composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was baptized - just to the left upon entering the church.

The site of the Salzburg cathedral once had a Celtic settlement and a portion of the ruins of the Roman City of Juvavum. The first cathedral was built by St. Virgil and improvements were made by St. Rupert between 767 and 774. It served as a place of worship for over 60 years before it was burned in a lighting storm in 842. Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenhau decided to build a new cathedral in 1612 but the project was delayed by the conflicts with Bavaria. His successor, Prince- Archbishop Markus Sittikus commissioned the architect, Santino Solari to design and build the present Baroque church in 1614. The cathedral was consecrated in 1628. In 1944, a World War II bomb damaged the building and it was restored to its former glory in 1959.

Excavations under the present cathedral have unearthed mosaics and artifacts from the Roman city of Juvavum. Notable features in the present structure are a 14th-century gothic baptismal font from the earlier cathedral where Mozart was baptized, a majestic main organ with sculptures of angels playing instruments and statues of St. Rupert and St. Virgil. The cathedral also has magnificent portals created by the sculptors, Schneider-Manzel, Matare and Manzu.

Why You Should Visit:
Absolutely massive, incredibly ornate, free (although they ask for a donation), and very welcoming towards all kinds of people including tourists.

Tip:
Take a downward trip to the crypt – there is as much underground as above.
Worth attending a Sunday mass at 10am, as you get a full orchestra and chorus.

Opening Hours:
Mon-Sat: 8am-7pm; Sun: 1-7pm (May-Sep); Mon-Sat: 8am-6pm; Sun: 1-6pm (Mar, Apr, Oct, Dec); Mon-Sat: 8am-5pm; Sun: 1-5pm (Jan, Feb, Nov)
3
St. Peter's Church and Cemetery

3) St. Peter's Church and Cemetery (must see)

St. Peter's Church forms part of the oldest functioning monastery in Austria. It also houses the oldest library and the oldest restaurant in the country. The cemetery has the last remains of several well-known citizens and a maze of catacombs built into a rock face.

St. Peter's Church was founded in 700 AD by the Franconian monk, St. Rupert and has continually functioned as the place of worship of a monastery since it was established. The monks were expelled during WWII but returned after the end of the war. The present church was built between 1125 and 1143 and has undergone several additions and restorations since. The main organ dates back to 1444 and there is an ornate gothic cross-ribbed vault in the atrium. The onion-domed tower was built in 1756 and the interior of the church has several magnificent rococo altars.

St. Peter's Cemetery is the last resting place of well-known citizens of Salzburg including the architect Santino Solari who designed the cathedral, Mozart’s sister Nannerl, an accomplished musician in her own right and Joseph Haydn’s brother Michael. The cemetery is surrounded by wrought iron fences and there are early Christian catacombs built into the surrounding rock face. A steep stone stairway leads to the catacombs. They are filled with early altars, faded murals and inscriptions.

***Mozart Walk***
During Mozart’s early years in Salzburg, Abbot Dominikus Hagenauer administrated St. Peter’s church and monastery. Hagenauer celebrated his first mass at St. Peter’s on 15 October 1769, and Mozart composed the Dominikus Mass, KV 66 for this festive occasion. Hagenauer wrote in his diary, “Music for the Mass composed by Wolfgang Mozart, 14 years of age, which in every one’s opinion was most elegant. The Mass lasted over two hours, which was necessitated by the great number of worshippers. Wolfgang Mozart played on the great organ for half an hour to the astonishment of all.”
The first performance of Mozart’s C Minor Mass was performed in this beautiful Baroque church on October 26, 1783, and every summer the Salzburg Festival performs it here as well.
***PH***

***The Sound of Music Movie***
Toward the end of The Sound of Music film, the Von Trapps hide from the Nazis that wield flashlights behind the tombs in the cemetery of the Nonnburg Convent in Salzburg. The real Nonnburg cemetery, however, is extremely small and modest, so the filmmakers instead decided to use the picturesque cemetery of Saint Peter’s Church (Petersfriedhof) for the inspiration to build a Hollywood set where the actual filming took place. Ringing the edges of the flower-filled cemetery are the large crypts for the local wealthy families enclosed within the elegant wrought iron gates which are expertly reproduced in the movie.

While the real-life Von Trapps never hid in a cemetery, the scene and the confrontation with Rolf adds a great deal of drama to the plot, which is somewhat different from the original Broadway play produced in 1959.

Why You Should Visit:
Everything is free to visit except for the catacombs which cost not very much at all.

Opening Hours:
[Catacombs] Catacombs: Daily: 10am-12:30pm / 1-6pm (May-Sep); 10am-12:30pm / 1-5pm (Oct-Apr)
Last admission 15 min. before closing. Closed: Jan 1, Dec 24-26, Dec 31
[St. Peter Cemetery] Daily: 6:30am-7pm (Summer); 6:30am-5:30pm (Winter)
[Bakery of St. Peter] Mon-Fri: 7am-5:30pm; Sat: 7am-1pm
4
Café Tomaselli

4) Café Tomaselli

The Café Tomaselli at the Alten Markt is the oldest coffee shop still in operation in Austria . Its history goes back to 1700. It became the property of the Tomaselli family on March 12, 1852.
In 1764, the rights to serve coffee were acquired by Anton Staiger, who founded the café at its current location; it was given the name "Staiger". Staiger was court master of Archbishop Siegmund III. Count Schrattenbach . He turned the coffee house into a distinguished establishment for the upper middle class. Even Mozartwas a frequent guest in the Staiger , as he noted in his writings.

In 1852 Johanna Staiger sold the café to the "confectioner" Carl Tomaselli , the son of the tenor Giuseppe Tomaselli from Milan . The family related to the Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart family . Mozart's widow, remarried Constanze von Nissen, also lived in this house from 1820 to 1826. Tomaselli added ice cream to the existing range of coffee, tea and cocoa. In 1859, the Tomaselli kiosk was opened opposite the café, which is still a meeting place for cultivated socializing in the summer. A few years later, Tomaselli had a second billiard and game room set up, which in 1891 then became the “women's salon”; until then the visit was reserved for men only. The Tomaselli Terrace was built in 1937/38 according to plans by the architect Otto Prossinger . Otherwise the café has remained largely unchanged.
The fifth generation of the café is now run by the family.
Sight description based on wikipedia
5
Mozart's Birthplace

5) Mozart's Birthplace (must see)

Hagenauer House in Getreidegasse is the building where the most famous son of Salzburg, composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born. Maintained as a museum dedicated to his memory, it is the most famous among the city's tourist attractions.

The Mozart family lived on the 3rd floor of Hagenauer House for 26 years. The composer was born here in 1756. It consists of a kitchen, a small room, a bedroom and a study. The museum dedicated to Mozart was installed here in 1880 by the Mozarteum Foundation. It was enlarged by the donation of musical instruments and other objects by his widow and two sons.

The museum at Mozart’s birthplace consists of documents, musical instruments and portraits of the great composer. An important portrait is an unfinished oil painting of Mozart at the Piano by his brother in law, Joseph Lange. Other notable exhibits are the violin he used in his childhood, his concert violin, his clavichord and a harpsichord. There are also many letters relating to the great composer on display. The museum was renovated by the Viennese architect, Prof. Elsa Prochazka to conform to modern standards and to protect the exhibits from damage. Temporary themed Mozart-related exhibitions are held by the museum.

Tip:
If you've got a Salzburg Card you need not join the long ticket queue.
If planning to go to the Mozart Residence (a 5-minute walk away) as well, there is a special reduced-price ticket for both museums.

Opening Hours:
Daily: 9am-5:30pm (Sep-Jun); 8:30-7pm (Jul-Aug)
Last admission 30 mins before closing
6
Marionette Theater

6) Marionette Theater (must see)

The Salzburg Marionette Theater is one of the world’s oldest puppet theaters in continuous operation. It has become popular with foreign tourists after being featured in the song, ‘The Lonely Goatherd’ from the 1965 Hollywood musical, ‘The Sound of Music’.

Professor Anton Aicher founded the Marionette Theater in 1913. The first production was the performance of Mozart’s famous opera, 'Bastien and Bastienne' using puppets. The theater’s popularity increased both in Salzburg and abroad and soon it traveled to other major cities in Europe. During WWII, the theater performed for German troops in the front and later for the occupation armies. In 1971, the theater found its permanent venue, the ballroom of the former Mirabel Hotel.

The Marionette Theater today has 350 seats and is modeled after a baroque stage. Productions for children and adults are staged. Most of the performances are marionette versions of Mozart’s operas. In 2007, the Sound of Music was staged and Mozart’s 'Bastien and Bastienne' was performed again at the theater. It employs 12 puppeteers who are trained in many arts and crafts. Between 20 and 90 puppets are used for each performance and the skilled puppeteers make the scenes so realistic that the audience forget that puppets are acting out the play.

Why You Should Visit:
The craftsmanship of the marionettes themselves and the artistry of the puppeteers who truly bring them to life in front of you are simply amazing!

Tip:
There are English subtitles to explain what's going on, but it doesn't hurt if you are well versed in the story before attending a performance.
Another useful tip is to pay more and sit near the front for the best experience.
7
Mozart Residence

7) Mozart Residence (must see)

Mozart’s Residence from the age of 17 was the spacious Tanzmeisterhaus. The Mozart Foundation purchased the building in 1989 and converted it into a museum dedicated to the life and music of the great composer and his relationship with the city of Salzburg.

The Tanzmeisterhaus which later became Mozart’s residence was initially a dancing hall. Two buildings built around 1617 were joined to make the present building in 1685. From 1711, Lorenz Speckner ran a dancing school here. The aristocracy was trained in dancing and other accomplishments for life in court. Speckner died in 1767 and his cousin Maria Anna Raab closed the dancing school and hall and converted the building into apartments for rent. She leased the hall for events and wedding parties. Mozart’s father found their home in Hagenauerhaus too small for his growing family and moved to Tanzmeisterhaus in 1773. It was here that Mozart composed many of his finest works. The building was damaged during World War II. It was restored and converted into a museum by the Mozart Foundation and opened to the public in 1996.

The museum at Mozart’s residence consists of exhibits relating to the great composer. Mozart family memorabilia including their library, letters written by Mozart’s father and portraits are displayed. Visitors can get a guided phone tour from the reception and hear music relating to each object on display. In the last room, a video show about Mozart is screened in German and English.

Tip:
This museum has one of the best audio guides, so make sure you get it.

Daily: 9am-5:30pm (Sep-Jun); 8:30-7pm (Jul-Aug)
Last admission 30 mins before closing
8
Mozarteum University Salzburg

8) Mozarteum University Salzburg

The Mozarteum is one of the four universities in Salzburg. It is dedicated to teaching music and dramatic arts and is named after the most famous son of the city, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

The Mozarteum began as the Cathedral Music Association of Salzburg and Mozarteum in 1841. It was founded by Mozart’s widow Constanze. It later became the Mozarteum Orchestra of Salzburg. In 1870, the International Mozart Foundation was created to help and encourage young and gifted musicians. The building was constructed between 1910 and 1921. In 1931, the Central Institute for Mozart Research was also housed in the Mozarteum.

The International Mozart Foundation maintains the Mozarteum and two large concert halls. It has published the periodical, “Neue Mozart Ausgabe" from 1956. It was conferred with the status of an academy in 1970. The name of the Mozarteum was changed in 1998 to the University of Music and Fine Arts. The old building was torn down and a new structure was built keeping the original baroque façade and opened in time for Mozart’s 250th birth anniversary in 2006. Today, both Austrian and international students are trained in music and fine arts at the university. The Salzburg born conductor Herbert von Karajan had his music education at the Mozarteum.
****
The ‘Magic Flute House’, in which Mozart is said to have composed parts of his opera ‘The Magic Flute’ whilst in Vienna, is located in the Mozarteum’s so-called Bastion Garden, which is only accessible via the concert salons.
The previous owner, Prince Starhemberg, donated the Magic Flute Summer-House to the International Mozart Foundation in Salzburg in 1873.
The Magic Flute House can be viewed only when attending events held in the Mozarteum’s Great Hall during the summer and on demand or within the “Organ at noon” concerts such as on demand within guided tours (only May – September).
****PH*****

Tip:
Attend a concert in the Stiftung Mozarteum if you can – you won't be disappointed.
9
St. Sebastian Church and Cemetery

9) St. Sebastian Church and Cemetery (must see)

The St. Sebastian’s Church is a 16th-century Catholic church in Salzburg. The attached cemetery is the final resting place of many well-known merchants and scholars.

The St. Sebastian Church was built by the Austrian architect and stuccoist, Kassian Singer between 1749 and 1753. It had a baroque architectural style with some Rococo elements. The original church had beautiful ceiling frescoes and an altar painting by artist, Paul Troger. A fire destroyed the altar and frescoes in 1818. The church was later restored and a statue of St. Sebastian made by Konrad Asper between 1614 and 1620 was installed in the façade. Mass is celebrated entirely in Latin even today.

Prince- Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau planned the cemetery to replace an older graveyard in 1600. The design was inspired by the Italian Campo Santo or sacred field. It had a central square surrounded by arcades. At the centre of the square is a brightly tiled mannerist mausoleum built for Archbishop Wolf Dietrich. His remains are interred in the mausoleum. At the entrance of the cemetery is the mausoleum of the scientist and scholar from Salzburg, Paracelsus.

***Mozart Walking Tour***
Saint Sebastian Cemetery is where many members of the Mozart family are buried. Because of the close proximity to the Wohnaus the family often came to the Saint Sebastian Church (built in 1505) for Catholic mass. The most important graves are those of Mozart’s father Leopold, Wolfgang’s wife Constance, and her second husband Georg Nissen who was a Danish diplomat. Constance (Konstanze) and Nissen worked together on Mozart’s biography which was published in 1828, two years after she was widowed for the second time. While the family graves are small, it is easy to find them near the giant Mausoleum.

Other members of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s family that are buried Saint Sebastian Cemetery: Mozart’s maternal grandmother Eva Rosina Pertl (1755); Constanze’s second husband Georg Nikolaus Nissen (1826); Mozart’s two sisters-in-law Aloysia Lange and Sophie Haibel were also buried in Saint Sebastian’s Cemetery but were later exhumed and buried in the Salzburg municipal cemetery.

****PH****

Tip:
Don't miss the amazing catacombs set high in the rocks!

Opening Hours:
Daily: 9am-6pm

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