Propylaea, Athens

Propylaea, Athens

The Propylaea is the monumental gateway to the Acropolis in Athens. It is the main entrance through which thousands of tourists pass en route to the other monuments surrounding the Acropolis.

The Propylaea was commissioned by the Athenian leader Pericles. According to Plutarch the structure was designed by the architect, Mnesicles. It was constructed between 437 and 432 BC. It has a central building with two lateral wings. The colonnades in the east and west had a row of Doric columns. A row of ionic columns divided the gateway into three parts. The north wing called the Pinakotheke had painted walls. It was once a picture gallery. The south wing was the antechamber of the temple of Athena Nike. The ceiling was gilded and painted with decorative perforations. Entrance to the Acropolis was controlled in classical times by the Propylaea. Runaway slaves, miscreants and those not ritually clean were not permitted through the gateway. The State treasury that formed part of the Acropolis was also protected by the Propylaea.

The Propylaea survived without damage through the Greek, Roman and Byzantine civilizations. In 1656, it was damaged by an explosion at a nearby Turkish gunpowder magazine. Since 1984, the structure has undergone extensive restoration under the supervision of Dr. Tasos Tanoulas.
Sight description based on wikipedia

This sight is featured in a self-guided walking tour of Athens, Greece within the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" which can be downloaded from iTunes App Store or Google Play. Please download the app to your mobile phone or tablet for travel directions for visiting this sight. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Propylaea on Map

Sight Name: Propylaea
Sight Location: Athens, Greece
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) containing this sight: Walking Tour Around the Legendary Acropolis  

Walking Tours in Athens, Greece

Create Your Own Walk in Athens

Create Your Own Walk in Athens

Creating your own self-guided walk in Athens is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Walking Tour Around the Peaceful National Garden

Walking Tour Around the Peaceful National Garden

The National Garden is an impressive, historic park in the center of Athens. Formerly known as the Royal Garden, it was commissioned by Queen Amalia in 1838, reason why it is located right behind the Old Palace (currently the Greek Parliament). Many major tourist attractions are situated in and around this peaceful site. The following tour will guide you through this Garden and the amazing...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.3 km
City Orientation Walk

City Orientation Walk

Athens is one of the oldest European cities, widely regarded as the birthplace of Western Civilization. Its history begins in the Neolithic period between 4th and 3rd millennium BC. The first settlement on the site of Athens was situated on the rock of Acropolis which means “high city” in Greek.

According to the Greek mythology, the name “Athens” emerged from a competition between the...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.6 km
Walking Tour Around the Legendary Acropolis

Walking Tour Around the Legendary Acropolis

The Acropolis of Athens is famous all over the world, it is the symbol of the city of Athens. The first habitation remaining on this site dates back to the Neolithic period. The Acropolis hill is also called the "Sacred rock" of Athens, as it was home to temples and churches throughout recorded history. It is the one historic site you cannot miss!

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.0 km
Walking Tour Around Athenian Exarcheia

Walking Tour Around Athenian Exarcheia

Exarcheia is a district of Athens, it is next to Kolonaki and shares in the abundance of historic buildings and landmarks. The district is home to the Academy of Athens, the National Archaeological Museum, Cultural Centre of Athens, and many others. Exarcheia is also a famed shopping destination, being originally named after a merchant who opened a large general store here more than a hundred...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.6 km
Plaka Attractions Walking Tour

Plaka Attractions Walking Tour

Pláka is the old historic neighborhood of Athens, clustered around the northern and eastern slopes of the Acropolis, and incorporating labyrinthine streets and neoclassical architecture. It is known as the "Neighbourhood of the Gods" due to its proximity to the Acropolis and its many archaeological sites.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.4 km
Walking Tour Along Vassilissis Sofias Avenue

Walking Tour Along Vassilissis Sofias Avenue

Vassilissis Sofias is a major avenue in the eastern part of the city. Walking along this street you will have the chance to see some of the most popular attractions of the Greek capital, such as the Byzantine and Christian Museum, the War Museum, and many others. Don't miss the opportunity to enjoy this interesting tour.

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.6 km

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