Tempio del Divo Giulio (Temple of Divus Julius), Rome

Tempio del Divo Giulio (Temple of Divus Julius), Rome

The Temple of Divus Iulius, also known as the Temple of Caesar or the Temple of the Deified Julius Caesar, is an ancient structure located in the Roman Forum. Its construction was initiated in 42 BC by the triumvirs Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus, following the posthumous deification of Julius Caesar by the Senate. However, it was ultimately completed by Octavian alone. On August 18, 29 BC, Octavian, who later became Emperor Augustus, dedicated the prostyle temple to his adoptive father Caesar. This dedication formed part of the triple triumph celebrating Octavian's victory over Antony and Cleopatra.

Situated on the eastern side of the main square of the Roman Forum, the Temple of Divus Iulius occupies the site where Caesar was cremated. The precise plan of the temple is not available in the Imperial Forma Urbis, an ancient map of Rome. However, surviving fragments on slabs V-11, VII-11, VI-6, and other sources offer insights into the layout of the surrounding area, including the Regia, the Temple of Castor and Pollux, the Fons and Lacus Iuturnae, the Basilica Iulia, and the Basilica Aemilia.

The specific column order employed in the construction of the temple remains uncertain. Depictions on ancient coins suggest that the columns may have been Ionic or composite. However, archaeologists have discovered fragments of Corinthian pilaster capitals at the site. Some scholars propose that the temple featured an Ionic pronaos (porch) combined with Corinthian pilasters on the cella walls, particularly at the corners. Conversely, others argue that the entire temple followed a Corinthian style, considering the coin evidence to be inaccurate representations of Corinthian columns.

It is important to note that the classification between Corinthian and composite columns is a distinction made in the Renaissance period and not in ancient Rome. In Roman architecture, Corinthian and composite orders were considered part of the same architectural order. The use of the composite style was prevalent in civil buildings and the exteriors of triumphal arches, while temples more commonly featured Corinthian columns. Numerous temples and religious buildings from the Augustan Age followed the Corinthian style, such as the Temple of Mars Ultor and the Maison Carrée in Nîmes, among others.

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Tempio del Divo Giulio (Temple of Divus Julius) on Map

Sight Name: Tempio del Divo Giulio (Temple of Divus Julius)
Sight Location: Rome, Italy (See walking tours in Rome)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Rome, Italy

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Create Your Own Walk in Rome

Creating your own self-guided walk in Rome is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Rome Shopping Streets Walking Tour

Rome Shopping Streets Walking Tour

Loved by tourists for its busy fashionable streets and significant baroque icons, the so-called ‘Tridente’ is one of the Eternal City's most lusted-after areas, formed by Via dei Condotti, Via Borgognona, Via Frattina and the adjacent Via del Corso. It is perhaps the most high-end destination for Roman shopping, with a concentration of renowned jewelers and important Italian/international...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
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Roman Forum and Imperial Forums Walking Tour

Roman Forum and Imperial Forums Walking Tour

It's a known fact that "Rome wasn't built in a day." But when it was finally built, it stood the test of time and became "the eternal city." Many have heard that "all roads lead to Rome," but very few probably realize that inside Rome itself all roads lead to the Forum.

The central hub of ancient Rome, the Roman Forum (also known by its Latin name...  view more

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.6 Km or 1.6 Miles
Spanish Steps to Trevi Fountain

Spanish Steps to Trevi Fountain

An established tourist mecca, today's Rome is hardly imaginable without two of its much loved attractions – the Spanish Steps and the Trevi Fountain. Magnets for tourists as they are, these two sights are connected to a number of other, not less worthy of attention locations, such as the Fountain of the Longboat or Piazza Colonna and its centerpiece, the Column of Marcus Aurelius, to...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.0 Km or 1.2 Miles
Rome Introduction Walking Tour I

Rome Introduction Walking Tour I

Legend has it that Rome was founded in 753 BC by twin brothers Romulus and Remus who were raised by a she-wolf. However, the pair argued about who had the support of the gods, and Romulus ended up killing Remus in a fight on what became Palatine Hill. Thus, Romulus named the city after himself and declared himself as king.

In a slightly less glorious account, Rome actually began as an Iron Age...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.3 Km or 2.1 Miles
Vatican Walking Tour

Vatican Walking Tour

Consisting of a walled enclave within the city of Rome, the Vatican is the world’s smallest sovereign state, as well as a symbol (and headquarters) of the Roman Catholic faith. Although only 44 hectares in surface, one is amazed by the vastness of this place and the sheer size of everything. When gazing around in all directions, you realize how much can be achieved by people working in faith for...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 Km or 1.7 Miles
EUR Sightseeing Walking Tour

EUR Sightseeing Walking Tour

The Esposizione Universale di Roma (EUR), located in the southern suburb of Rome, was originally constructed for an international exhibition that was planned by Mussolini as a grand celebration of Fascist Italy. However, due to the outbreak of World War II, the exhibition never took place. The architecture of EUR was designed to glorify Fascism and showcases a distinct style that sets it apart...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.6 Km or 2.2 Miles

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