Tempio Israelitico di Trieste (Synagogue of Trieste), Trieste

Tempio Israelitico di Trieste (Synagogue of Trieste), Trieste

During the Austrian regime in Trieste, between 1908 and 1912, architect Ruggero Berlam and his son, Arduino, designed the massive Synagogue of Trieste. Unveiled in 1912, the Synagogue replaced four smaller 18th-century synagogues called "Scholae."

The architectural style was common in Northeastern Italy. Size and structure indicate a synagogue of the so-called "emancipation period." A rectangular prayer room has three naves and a magnificent apse with golden mosaics.

The focus is on the Aron Kodesh, an altar cabinet with copper doors storing the Torah scrolls. A pink granite aedicule (a small structure used as a shrine) protects the Tables of the Law with four columns. The aedicule is flanked by two large menorahs (candelabras with seven branches). The menorah is leaning on a marble balustrade with a sheaf of wheat, symbolizing the Jewish community of Trieste.

On the ceiling, ornate pendants edge the dome in floral designs and geometrical patterns. Above the Aron, on three sides, is the women's balcony, no longer used. In the gallery, under the barrel vault, is an impressive pipe organ with pipes set off with stars of David.

The exterior style is Romanesque, found in 4th-century Syria. The architects Ruggero and Arduino Berlam felt it was closer to ancient Jewish architecture. It could represent the Middle Eastern Jewish origins without being too Byzantine or Muslim.

During the Fascist regime, the temple was used to store artworks stolen from Jewish homes. The ritual silvers of the Jewish Community have been saved by hiding them within the temple. At the end of the war, the Synagogue went back into operation. Today it is one of the largest and most important places of worship for Jews in Europe.

Want to visit this sight? Check out these Self-Guided Walking Tours in Trieste. Alternatively, you can download the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" from Apple App Store or Google Play Store. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Tempio Israelitico di Trieste (Synagogue of Trieste) on Map

Sight Name: Tempio Israelitico di Trieste (Synagogue of Trieste)
Sight Location: Trieste, Italy (See walking tours in Trieste)
Sight Type: Religious
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Trieste, Italy

Create Your Own Walk in Trieste

Create Your Own Walk in Trieste

Creating your own self-guided walk in Trieste is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Trieste's Ancient Roman Sites Walking Tour

Trieste's Ancient Roman Sites Walking Tour

The Roman remains on Trieste extend along the northwestern slope of San Giusto Hill, overlooking the Gulf of Trieste. Wharves of sandstone slabs dating from the 1st century AD were found by the Roman Theatre. The city walls, ordered by Augustus, were converted to use as terraces.

The Propylaeum of the 1st century AD was the gateway to the sacred area of the Capitoline Temple. There are two...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 0.9 Km or 0.6 Miles
Trieste Introduction Walking Tour

Trieste Introduction Walking Tour

Sub-tropical Trieste lies on a bit of land between the Adriatic Sea and Slovenia. Savannas, forests, and karstic areas of sinkholes and caves surround the coastline. It is a deep-water port and a major gateway to northern Italy. It is called "Vienna by the Sea" by some or "City of Coffee" by others.

The ancient Veneti tribes called the town "Tergeste," which means...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.7 Km or 2.3 Miles