Toompea Hill, Tallinn

Toompea Hill, Tallinn (must see)

Toompea Hill is a limestone hill that sits about 20-30 meters (65 feet-98 feet) above the rest of the city. In Estonian mythology, Toompea is a grave mound erected by Linda for her husband, King Kalev. Linda sat on the grave mound, shed tears, and formed Ulemiste Lake.

Throughout Tallinn's history, the hill has been the site of various forts built to defend the city. Castle Square is the site where Tallinn was founded by the Knights of the Sword in 1229. Today, the spectacular Russian-style Alexander Nevsky Cathedral stands in Castle Square.

Toompea is the center of Estonia's government. Parliament meets in the Toompea Castle, which is topped by the Tall Hermann Tower. Tall Hermann was completed in 1371. Tradition dictates that whichever country flies its flag over Tall Hermann rules Estonia. Each day, the Estonian flag is raised at sunrise while the national anthem plays and lowered at sunset to the tune of My Fatherland is My Love.

In 1684, Toompea had a terrible fire, and most of its buildings were damaged. Because of the fire, Toompea has newer buildings than Lower Town and has a different look.

Toomkirik (Dome Church) was built in the 13th century and survived the brutal 1684 fire. Don't miss the medieval coats of arms in this beautiful example of an Estonian Lutheran Church. Toompea Castle was built on the ruins of a fortress built here during the 13th and 14th centuries. The current castle was completed in 1773 and features a pink Baroque facade.

Why You Should Visit

Toompea has long been the seat of power for the area. The hilltop site has a long history, gorgeous views of Old Town, and exciting architecture.

Tips

Check out one of the viewing platforms for a panorama of Old Town below and the Gulf of Finland. The view is breathtaking at sunset.

Want to visit this sight? Check out these Self-Guided Walking Tours in Tallinn. Alternatively, you can download the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" from iTunes App Store or Google Play. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Toompea Hill on Map

Sight Name: Toompea Hill
Sight Location: Tallinn, Estonia (See walking tours in Tallinn)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Tallinn, Estonia

Create Your Own Walk in Tallinn

Create Your Own Walk in Tallinn

Creating your own self-guided walk in Tallinn is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Tallinn Medieval Old Town

Tallinn Medieval Old Town

The Old Town of Tallinn is a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site since 1997. The area emerged in the 13th-16th centuries when Tallinn was an active member of the Hanseatic trade league, slowly evolving into an enclosed district of colorful, ancient gabled houses, medieval towers and gates, half-hidden courtyards, and ostentatious churches.

Today it is one of the best preserved medieval towns in...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.7 Km or 1.1 Miles
East Tallinn

East Tallinn

East Tallinn, or Kadriorg, is located outside of Old Town and is generally referred to as a quiet district. East Tallinn offers fascinating 19th and 20th century villas, as well as Estonia’s top art museums. The eastern side of the city is also home to several art galleries, beautiful Kadrioru Park, the striking Russalka monument, as well as the magnificent Kadriorg Palace and Park.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.7 Km or 1.1 Miles
Tallinn Old Towers and Gates

Tallinn Old Towers and Gates

Once Europe's greatest fortified city, Tallinn had 46 defense towers and approximately 4 kilometers of surrounding walls. Today, there are 26 towers and about 2 kilometers of walls still in place, making the Old Town of Tallinn one of the best-preserved systems of medieval fortifications in Europe.

Upon entering the district through the Viru Gate, whose two picturesque, ivy-covered towers...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 Km or 1.7 Miles
Tallinn Introduction Walking Tour

Tallinn Introduction Walking Tour

Estonia’s capital Tallinn is the country’s largest city and cultural hub. One of the biggest ports on the Baltic Sea, the area has been known for its convenient harbor since as early as the 10th century. Owing to its strategic location for trade between Russia and Scandinavia, the Kingdom of Denmark laid claim on this land in 1219. The city itself, first mentioned in 1154, was incorporated in...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.7 Km or 2.3 Miles