Turku Cathedral, Turku

Turku Cathedral, Turku (must see)

Turku Cathedral is a cathedral of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. It was first consecrated as a Catholic church dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Henry, the first bishop of Finland, in 1300. It is the only medieval basilica in Finland.

Turku Cathedral is the most important religious building in the country and one of the most recognizable places in Turku. The cathedral was converted from Catholic to Lutheran during the 16th century.

The cathedral showcases Gothic, Romanesque, and Gothic Revival architectural styles. It was built from wood but expanded with grey stone and clay bricks in the Middle Ages. The Great Fire of Turku in 1827 caused extensive damage to the cathedral. Much of the church was rebuilt, including the 330-foot spire.

Some of the most notable people buried in the cathedral are Princess Sigrid of Sweden, Scottish mercenary Samuel Cockburn, Swedish army officer Torsten Stalhandske, Swedish politician Ake Henriksson Tott and bishops Paulus Joosten and Blessed Bishop Hemming. Queen Karin Mansdotter of Sweden is interred in a black marble sarcophagus in the Kankas Chapel.

Turku Cathedral is known for its architectural beauty and its paintings and frescoes. The walls and roof in the chancel are adorned with Romantic frescoes painted by Robert Wilhelm Ekman, a significant Finnish painter. The three organs of the cathedral are also notable. Manufactured by organ builder Veikko Virtanen Oy in 1980, the main instrument has 81 ranks.

The bells of Turku Cathedral chime at noon daily and can be heard on Finnish national radio every noon hour.

Want to visit this sight? Check out these Self-Guided Walking Tours in Turku. Alternatively, you can download the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" from iTunes App Store or Google Play Store. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Turku Cathedral on Map

Sight Name: Turku Cathedral
Sight Location: Turku, Finland (See walking tours in Turku)
Sight Type: Religious
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Turku, Finland

Create Your Own Walk in Turku

Create Your Own Walk in Turku

Creating your own self-guided walk in Turku is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Turku's Architectural Jewels

Turku's Architectural Jewels

The oldest city in Finland, Turku has numerous, attractive old buildings that catch the eye and leave you with a great memory of your stay in this charming city. Each of the prominent landmark constructions of Turku tells its own story. Take this self-guided walking tour to discover the architectural jewels of Turku.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.7 Km or 1.1 Miles
Turku Introduction Walking Tour

Turku Introduction Walking Tour

Turku is the oldest city in Finland. The city served as the capital of Finland from September 1809 through April 1812. It is a popular tourist destination because of its long history and impact on Finnish culture.

The name "Turku" derives from the Slavic word for marketplace. Not surprisingly, Turku has popular markets like those held at the Turku Old Market Hall and Market Square.

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Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.9 Km or 1.2 Miles