Former Geological Survey of Canada Building, Ottawa

Former Geological Survey of Canada Building, Ottawa

The Former Geological Survey of Canada Building is a historic three-story structure situated at the intersection of Sussex Drive and George Street in Ottawa's Byward Market area. It was originally occupied by the Geological Survey of Canada and has been recognized as a National Historic Site due to its age and significance. Throughout its history, the building has housed various public and cultural institutions.

The George Street wing of the building was built in 1863 by businessmen James Skead and Edward Griffen. It was initially Skead's Hotel, but Griffen later sold his share. The building became the George Street Barracks and served as a military barracks from 1864 to 1871. After a period of vacancy, it was purchased in 1875 by William Mills, a restaurateur, and operated briefly as the Clarendon House Hotel.

In 1879, Canada acquired the property for the Geological Survey of Canada. It also hosted the first exhibition of the Canadian Academy of Arts in 1880, which became the National Gallery of Canada's initial collection. The building underwent renovations that year to accommodate the Geological and Natural History Survey of Canada's offices and museum. The museum attracted 9,549 visitors in its first year, contributing to the development of Canada's national museums.

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Former Geological Survey of Canada Building on Map

Sight Name: Former Geological Survey of Canada Building
Sight Location: Ottawa, Canada (See walking tours in Ottawa)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Ottawa, Canada

Create Your Own Walk in Ottawa

Create Your Own Walk in Ottawa

Creating your own self-guided walk in Ottawa is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
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Historical Buildings Walking Tour

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Centermost among these structures is the Parliament...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.9 Km or 1.2 Miles
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Statues and Sculptures Walk

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The Maman Statue, a prominent sculpture located outside the National...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.4 Km or 0.9 Miles
Ottawa Introduction Walking Tour

Ottawa Introduction Walking Tour

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Ottawa was...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 Km or 1.7 Miles
Ottawa's Historical Churches Walking Tour

Ottawa's Historical Churches Walking Tour

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The Notre Dame Cathedral Basilica, a splendid Gothic Revival masterpiece, is a centerpiece of Ottawa's spiritual landscape....  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.2 Km or 2 Miles