National Pantheon (Santa Engracia), Lisbon

National Pantheon (Santa Engracia), Lisbon

A 16th-century church with a 20th-century dome and many famous personalities buried in its crypts, Santa Engrácia has been declared Portugal's National Pantheon; a fitting place for explorer Vasco da Gama's cenotaph as ships from around world moor on the quayside below. There is no wait for the €4 per person entry, and visitors can climb the steps to the rooftop terrace that affords commanding 360-degree views of Lisbon and the harbor.

Despite destructive collapse and countless financial struggles, Santa Engrácia was finally inaugurated in 1966. Royal architect, João Antunes prepared an ingenious design for it, never before attempted in Portugal: a centralized floorplan with a Greek cross shape and a square tower on each corner (the pinnacles were never completed), while the façades are undulated similar to Borromini's baroque designs. The main façade has an entrance hall (galilee) and three niches with statues, entrance being obtained through a beautiful baroque portal with the coat-of-arms of Portugal held by two angels.

As befitting a self-respecting church, inside you will find a magnificent 18th-century baroque organ that was brought from Lisbon Cathedral and, of course, the floor and walls are decorated with baroque, polychromed patterns of marble. On different floors, there are small wooden balconies where one has a good view of the massive hall below.

Tip:
A flea market takes place on Saturday, so visiting on this day adds to the fun!

Opening Hours:
Tue-Sun: 10am–5pm

Want to visit this sight? Check out these Self-Guided Walking Tours in Lisbon. Alternatively, you can download the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" from iTunes App Store or Google Play. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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National Pantheon (Santa Engracia) on Map

Sight Name: National Pantheon (Santa Engracia)
Sight Location: Lisbon, Portugal (See walking tours in Lisbon)
Sight Type: Religious
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Lisbon, Portugal

Create Your Own Walk in Lisbon

Create Your Own Walk in Lisbon

Creating your own self-guided walk in Lisbon is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Belem Walking Tour

Belem Walking Tour

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Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.0 Km or 1.9 Miles
Alfama Walking Tour

Alfama Walking Tour

Alfama is the oldest neighborhood in Lisbon, spreading downhill between the medieval former royal Castle of São Jorge and the Tagus river. Under the Islamic rule, Alfama constituted the largest part of the city, and was increasingly inhabited by fishermen and the poor. The reputation of being a poor area still lives on. The name Alfama derives from the Arabic al-ḥamma, which means "hot...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.0 Km or 1.9 Miles
Sao Jorge Castle to Lisbon Cathedral Walking Tour

Sao Jorge Castle to Lisbon Cathedral Walking Tour

This self-guided walk takes you from the breathtaking Sao Jorge historic castle to the city's oldest church, the Lisbon Cathedral, while taking in the picturesque Alfama district – where it is said Fado originated – along the way. Included also are several unique museums, as well as two viewpoints from where you can look out over Alfama and the Tagus River. A classic Lisbon walk!

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.1 Km or 0.7 Miles
Lisbon Introduction Walking Tour

Lisbon Introduction Walking Tour

Legend goes that Lisbon's name has derived either from Allis Ubbo, meaning "safe harbor" in Phoenician, or from the pre-Roman name of the River Tagus, Lisso. Nestled at Europe's western edge and featuring numerous architectural styles, it ranks as the world's 10th oldest city and traces its roots back to the Phoenician Civilization, who settled it approximately three...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.3 Km or 2.1 Miles

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