Not packed in a bus. Not herded with a group. Self guided walk is the SAFEST way to sightsee while observing SOCIAL DISTANCING!

Alfama Walking Tour (Self Guided), Lisbon

Alfama is the oldest district in Lisbon, whose name derives from the Arabic "Al-hamma" and means "hot fountains" or "baths". The district is a home to numerous historic attractions, including a former royal residence – the medieval São Jorge Castle, as well as numerous churches, of which the most prominent is Lisbon's Cathedral, oldest in the city, and the Santa Engrácia Church, nowadays converted into a National Pantheon for important Portuguese personalities. There are just as many Fado bars and restaurants in Alfama, as well, that are perfect for night life and dinner. Whether you're culturally-motivated or simply looking for fun, take this self-guided walk to find the gems awaiting you in this part of the Portuguese capital!
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Alfama Walking Tour Map

Guide Name: Alfama Walking Tour
Guide Location: Portugal » Lisbon (See other walking tours in Lisbon)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 13
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.3 Km or 2.1 Miles
Author: ann
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Casa dos Bicos / Museu de Lisboa
  • Santo Antonio Church
  • Lisbon Cathedral (Santa Maria Maior)
  • Ancient Roman Theatre Museum
  • Sao Jorge Castle
  • Miradouro de Santa Luzia
  • Miradouro das Portas do Sol
  • Museum of Portuguese Decorative Arts
  • Graça Church and Convent
  • Monastery of Sao Vicente de Fora
  • National Pantheon (Santa Engracia)
  • Military Museum (Museu Militar)
  • Fado Museum
Casa dos Bicos / Museu de Lisboa

1) Casa dos Bicos / Museu de Lisboa (must see)

Casa dos Bicos (Portuguese for House of the Beaks/Spikes) is a historical house built in the early 16th century in the Alfama neighborhood, with a curious façade covered with 1,125 diamond-shaped stone spikes. Modeled after the Palazzos of Venice with Portuguese-style Manueline arched windows, it was of the very few buildings to survive the terrible 1775 Lisbon earthquake, but over time was abandoned as a residence and used as a warehouse. After a 20th-century renovation, it became the headquarters of the José Saramago Foundation and a location of the Museum of Lisbon.

The ground floor, which is free to enter, is completely dedicated to an archaeological site, which is a must-see in this corner of Lisbon, especially since there is lots of information in English. The upper floors are a paid area dedicated to the life and public works of Portuguese writer / Nobel Prize recipient, José Saramago, while the outside area is a sort of memorial for the brilliant writer, who doesn't have a grave; his ashes are buried under the old olive tree right outside the building.

Please note the huge elephant footprint – a tribute to one of Saramago's most famous books, "The Elephant's Journey".
Take care to also note the slight exterior differences between the older bottom two floors and the newer top two floors.

Opening Hours:
Mon-Sat: 10am–5:30pm
Santo Antonio Church

2) Santo Antonio Church (must see)

The Church of Saint Anthony of Lisbon is dedicated to the man born into a wealthy Lisbon family and later canonized as Saint Anthony of Padua. Classified as a National Monument after a visit by Pope John Paul II in 1982, the church was – according to tradition – built on the site where the saint was born, in 1195, as Fernando de Bullhoes.

At first converted into a small chapel, the present structure was constructed in 1767 based on a Baroque Rococo design. The interiors have ornate neoclassical Ionic columns and the altar has a figure of the saint with Christ in his arms. 18th-century tiles decorate the sacristy walls, and the attached small museum displays images and manuscripts about the life of Antonio – the patron saint of lost things – while also allowing visitors to view the gold and silverware belonging to the church.

As per all Catholic churches make sure you are properly attired – no bare shoulders or knees; men remove the hat.
Lisbon Cathedral (Santa Maria Maior)

3) Lisbon Cathedral (Santa Maria Maior) (must see)

The oldest church in the city, first constructed in 1147, Santa Maria Maior was built on the site of a Moorish mosque after the conquest of Lisbon by Christian forces under King Afonso Henriquez, during which time the relics of St. Vincent of Saragossa, the city's patron saint, were brought from Southern Portugal and placed here, still remaining unmoved.

After suffering extensive damage during the many devastating earthquakes that rocked Lisbon, the present Cathedral was rebuilt in the 20th century giving the structure a predominantly medieval appearance, evident in the thick stone walls and fortress-like towers. This style is common with many Portuguese churches of the Christian conquest period, when they were used as military bases for launching attacks on enemy forces.

The Cathedral's interior is 'plain' compared to others you may see in different countries but still pretty impressive with its gothic arches and ceilings, plus sections of stained glass. Two noteworthy chapels are that of St. Ildefonso with a carved sculpture of one of the first Portuguese Ambassadors, Lopo Pacheco with a dog at his feet, and the chapel dedicated to Lisbon-born San Antonio de Padua. Archeological excavations in the courtyard have unearthed several objects from the Visigothic, Roman and Moorish periods.

Free entry to the Cathedral and, for a few €s, you can also climb partway up the tower to the Treasury during the hours of 10am–5pm (note that it's closed on Sundays).

Opening Hours:
Daily: 9am–7pm
Ancient Roman Theatre Museum

4) Ancient Roman Theatre Museum

Oh, those Romans! Everywhere you go there is evidence of their Empire! Roman Theatres, in a general sense, are symbols of power and marks of romanization, as is the case of the theatre of Felicitas Iulia Olisipo, the name attributed to the city of Lisbon in the Roman period. When theatres began to serve simultaneously a political and religious function, especially from the time of Emperor Augustus, they became places 'par excellence' of the Imperial cult.

The Roman Theatre of Olisipo was of considerable size, seating ~4000 spectators. During the middle ages, it disappeared beneath the ground because of neglect, wind and soil erosion; however, after the 1755 earthquake, parts of it resurfaced resulting in a renewed interest in Lisbon's Roman past. Excavations were undertaken and the objects unearthed now form the museum's permanent exhibits, including many columns, stone statues and a small collection of archeological finds.

The most interesting part for visitors is the installation of multilingual video and touch screens that tell the story of Lisbon under the Romans. Although rather small and with a minimal collection as compared to other Roman archeological museums in Europe, the museum is well arranged and explained via multimedia displays. Take time and wander around!
Sao Jorge Castle

5) Sao Jorge Castle (must see)

The São Jorge Castle occupies a commanding position overlooking the city of Lisbon and the broad Tagus River beyond. The strongly-fortified citadel, which, in its present configuration, dates from medieval times, is located atop the highest hill in the historic center of the city. Its footprint is roughly square in shape and was originally encircled by a wall.

The complex consists of the castle proper ('castelejo'), some ancillary buildings (including the ruins of the royal palace), gardens, and a large terraced square from which impressive panoramas of Lisbon are afforded. The main entrance to the citadel is a 19th-century gate surmounted by the coat-of-arms of Portugal, the name of Queen Maria II, and the date, 1846.

Restaurants, cafes, wine bar, ice cream stand, and public restrooms are available once inside. Peacocks live and run wild throughout, especially around one of the main dining areas. The food is more expensive in the castle walls than in areas outside, but not terribly expensive; you can also pack your own foods and beverages and walk around with open containers. €10 per adult; kids are free. A great activity for international guests!

Why You Should Visit:
The castle certainly offers commanding views of the entire city, can be a very peaceful place first thing in the morning, and a magical one at sunset. There is also a permanent exhibition worth looking at, as well as an excellent 'camera obscura' in one of the Moorish towers (shows every 20min with languages rotating between English/Portuguese/Spanish).

Walking to the site is very much uphill, but still a wonderful walk through the narrow streets of old Lisbon, and there are plenty of places to stop to eat. Alternatively, take the cable car #28 to admire the neighborhood with its cute and varied architecture (great photo ops!).

Opening Hours:
Daily: 9am–6pm
Miradouro de Santa Luzia

6) Miradouro de Santa Luzia

The Miradouro de Santa Luzia is close to the Miradouro das Portas do Sol and has the same iconic vista over the tiled roofs and churches of Alfama and out over the Tagus estuary. While the point of view is a tad less advantageous, this is the cozier and more inviting place due to its beautiful garden laid out in several succeeding levels, azalea trees, ample seating arrangements (some protected by pergola-type roofing), and exciting wall panels, the traditional "azulejo" blue tiles.

One of the tiled panels portrays the milestone of the Portuguese history of "Reconquista" (freeing the Iberian peninsula from the Moorish occupancy) on the outside wall of the Santa Luzia church, while the second "azulejo" mural, that of the Praça do Comércio as it looked before the 1755 quake, is on the other, down the hill, boundary of the observation terrace.

There is a small café on the premises as well as restrooms (to find the latter, walk a few steps up the hill, corner the church, and take the steps down). Luckily, the Santa Luzia and Portas do Sol lookout points are spaced within a minute's stroll from each other, so there is no need to choose, as one can enjoy both during the same sightseeing walk.

Pay attention to the small market immediately on the left with various cork goods and textiles if you plan to buy something for souvenirs – with a little bargaining, the prices there are far better than other places.
Miradouro das Portas do Sol

7) Miradouro das Portas do Sol

At the gateway to the Graça area lies this spot with a superb view both up the hill across the Alfama, and down towards the harbor on the wide Tagus River. Be prepared to take a lot of pictures, plus get a sense of the scope of the city.

The lookout point is well backed up by restaurants with cheap drinks, great local dishes, and entertaining live music, making it a wonderful location for a relaxing meal and glass of wine or sangria. Wouldn't it be nice to retire here?

For a fun experience, look for a flight of stairs and a WC sign. Go down the stairs and under an arch you will find a mural depicting Lisbon's history in comic-book style. Nearby is the Museum of Portuguese Decorative Arts.

Bring a thermos, eat fruit, read the news, do a crossword, do some people watching, and then go to lunch or dinner!
Museum of Portuguese Decorative Arts

8) Museum of Portuguese Decorative Arts

Housed in an aristocratic 17th-century palace that was once the city residence of the Count of Azurara, the Decorative Arts Museum showcases the life of wealthy citizens of Lisbon in the 18th and 19th centuries. The magnificent interiors still have their original 17th-century wooden floors, painted ceilings and mosaics of 'azulejos', a typical Portuguese painted tin-glazed form of tile work. Some azulejos formed part of the palace while others were added while restoring the building.

The museum has tastefully arranged collections of Indo Portuguese, Portuguese, English and French furniture, a large collection of silver objects, faience tin-glazed pottery, original Chinese porcelain, Flemish tapestry from the 16th and 18th centuries, an ancient grandfather clock and a horse-drawn carriage. There are unique objects from almost every country ruled by the Portuguese when they were a colonial power, including wonderful pieces from Goa, Brazil, Macao, etc., but overall a visit here leaves a strong, long-lasting impression of Portugal's particular taste.

Outside this location, you will find two lookout points (Miradouro das Portas do Sol / Miradouro de Santa Luzia) with beautiful views for great photographs.

Opening Hours:
Wed-Mon: 10am–5pm
Graça Church and Convent

9) Graça Church and Convent

The Graça Church, one of the oldest in Lisbon, was built in 1271 and given to the hermits of Saint Augustine, albeit the present Baroque-style structure was constructed in the 18th century after the 1755 earthquake ruined the original structure.

Inside, you will get some initial impressions: an interesting painted ceiling, a (rather scary-looking) statue of São Tomás de Villanova, two ornate marble chairs placed in the sacristy, plus a few gilded Rococo-style sculptures in the chapels... But walk further on to the adjoining convent and you will find a white room with tiled walls from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries making up large historic scenes! There is no charge for any of the above-described, which is quite nice indeed.

Apart from the church, you have to come here for the fantastic views across Lisbon afforded by Graça's 'miraduro' – the highest lookout point in Lisbon. It may be a bit of a leg workout going up the hill to the romantic pine-shaded terrace, but well worth it in the end, especially if you find comfort in the little shops and markets scattered through the neighborhood.
Monastery of Sao Vicente de Fora

10) Monastery of Sao Vicente de Fora (must see)

Dedicated to Saint Vincent of Saragossa, the patron saint of Lisbon, this 17th-century monastery is among the best examples of late Renaissance architecture in Portugal, characterized by strong Mannerist tendencies. It also houses the last resting place of the monarchs of the House of Braganza, the dynasty that ruled Portugal for over 250 years – their Pantheon is one of the most beautiful, serene and evocative spaces in all of Lisbon.

The monastery is located around two cloisters with stunning 'azulejo' (or tile-covered) walls depicting a variety of historical and other scenes. The sacristy is exuberantly decorated with polychrome marble and painting, while the church's main altarpiece was crafted by one of the finest Portuguese sculptors, Machado de Castro, in Baroque style.

Why You Should Visit:
Plenty of interesting things to see, including the 18th-century cloisters, the sacristy, the Pantheon of the House of Braganza, the tile-work of 'Les Fables de La Fontaine', as well as the Patriarch's Gallery; however, the crowning glory of the monastery is the climb to the terraces of the towers, which afford one of the most beautiful views over Alfama district and the Tagus.

With your ticket, you will also receive a leaflet, which includes a map and a short history of the monastery. It is highly recommended that you follow the map, so you don't miss anything.

Opening Hours:
Tue-Sun: 10am–6pm
National Pantheon (Santa Engracia)

11) National Pantheon (Santa Engracia)

A 16th-century church with a 20th-century dome and many famous personalities buried in its crypts, Santa Engrácia has been declared Portugal's National Pantheon; a fitting place for explorer Vasco da Gama's cenotaph as ships from around world moor on the quayside below. There is no wait for the €4 per person entry, and visitors can climb the steps to the rooftop terrace that affords commanding 360-degree views of Lisbon and the harbor.

Despite destructive collapse and countless financial struggles, Santa Engrácia was finally inaugurated in 1966. Royal architect, João Antunes prepared an ingenious design for it, never before attempted in Portugal: a centralized floorplan with a Greek cross shape and a square tower on each corner (the pinnacles were never completed), while the façades are undulated similar to Borromini's baroque designs. The main façade has an entrance hall (galilee) and three niches with statues, entrance being obtained through a beautiful baroque portal with the coat-of-arms of Portugal held by two angels.

As befitting a self-respecting church, inside you will find a magnificent 18th-century baroque organ that was brought from Lisbon Cathedral and, of course, the floor and walls are decorated with baroque, polychromed patterns of marble. On different floors, there are small wooden balconies where one has a good view of the massive hall below.

A flea market takes place on Saturday, so visiting on this day adds to the fun!

Opening Hours:
Tue-Sun: 10am–5pm
Military Museum (Museu Militar)

12) Military Museum (Museu Militar) (must see)

People often forget that Portugal had an enormous global empire for almost six centuries and this museum – although showcasing strictly the military side of things, i.e. artillery, arms, uniforms and military art – does give a good overview of the not so distant past. Founded in 1851 on the site of a 16th-century shipyard, it has an outstanding collection of model artillery – the world's largest. Until the early 20th century, the building was, in fact, a manufacturing unit for weaponry.

Notable among the exhibits is a sword belonging to Vasco da Gama and a 14th-century cannon. Many of the rooms have magnificent baroque interiors, tiled mosaics portraying various exploits of the Portuguese military forces through the ages from the Christian defeat of the Moorish rulers till WWI, and murals showing the historical voyage and discovery of the sea route to India. The 1st floor has many exhibits showing the services of the Portuguese as part of the WWI allied forces.

Why You Should Visit:
Important not only for its military-themed exhibits but also for the elaborately decorated rooms.
Surprises await you in each section, with numerous paintings, carvings and tapestry describing Portugal's history.
Ticket price is very reasonable and the route is quite easy to follow, with lots of exhibits you can touch along the way.

From 10 to 12:30 on Saturday and Sunday mornings a martial arts club conducts training sessions for its members in European swordsmanship (two-handed swords, not fencing), in the museum's basement vaults. This is well-worth watching for people interested in martial arts, especially if they have any familiarity with fencing or kendo.

Opening Hours:
Tue-Sun: 10am–5pm
Fado Museum

13) Fado Museum

If you have time, squeeze in a visit to the Museu do Fado, dedicated to the evolution of the form of music and the passion it evokes in Lisbon. Although another form of Fado is sung in the city of Coimbra, the Lisbon version – evolved in the 1840s from songs sung by sailors – is the earliest and most popular.

While not large, this museum has audiovisual shows, multilingual information panels and a large music archive, all of which will likely prepare you to experience some Fado while in Lisbon. The free headsets are a must and will give the history of the music while explaining the different guitars and sitars on display. Visitors can also purchase recordings from the museum shop and, during the weekends, enjoy live performances at the museum's small café (fee is included in the ticket).

After or before your visit, a walk through the charming/authentic surrounding area is highly recommended to get a snapshot of local life. Typical houses, some of which survived the 1775 earthquake, are still found nearby, along with old taverns and grocery shops, a renovated 13th-century fountain (Chafariz de Dentro), and laundry lines strung overhead.

If looking to get a good bite with your Fado, check out PARREIRINHA DE ALFAMA (Tue-Sun: 8pm–1am) or GUITARRAS DE LISBOA (Mon-Sat: 8pm–2am). For good food, good prices and good hospitality with no Fado singing, there are dozens of other options around: try RODA VIVA, O BECO, A MURALHA TASCA TIPICA LISBOA... or explore the offers at your own pace.

Opening Hours:
Tue-Sun: 10am–6pm

Walking Tours in Lisbon, Portugal

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