Old Market Square, Potsdam

Old Market Square, Potsdam

Old Market Square is located directly in front of St. Nicholas’s Church. The square features many beautiful historic buildings that have been reconstructed since World War II.

The square originally centered around the City Palace, which was built in 1662. City Palace served as the winter palace of Branderburg’s margraves and electors, kings of Prussia, and German emperors.

During the 1700s, Prussian king Frederick the Great transformed the square into a Roman piazza.

Old City Hall was built from 1753 to 1755. The square’s marble obelisk was added in 1753. The obelisk was created by architect Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff and designed to promote the square’s Roman look. The obelisk originally featured depictions of former rulers and kings, which were replaced by portraits of Potsdam architects.

St. Nicholas’ Church was built from 1830 to 1837 and features a classical design. The square also features the Pompei Palace, which is a replica of Verona’s Pompei Palace. The Museum Barberini is a rebuilt version of the original Barberini Palace.

The square’s historic buildings were damaged during World War II bombing raids. The City Palace was then torn down in the 1960s. The City Palace has since been partially reconstructed as the State Parliament of Brandenburg (Landtag of Brandenburg). The reconstruction features a historic facade that matches the old City Palace. The new building houses Brandenburg’s parliament and has a modern interior.

The rebuilt pedestrian-only Old Market Square is a popular site for photos of the square’s impressive architecture.

Want to visit this sight? Check out these Self-Guided Walking Tours in Potsdam. Alternatively, you can download the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" from iTunes App Store or Google Play. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Old Market Square on Map

Sight Name: Old Market Square
Sight Location: Potsdam, Germany (See walking tours in Potsdam)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Potsdam, Germany

Create Your Own Walk in Potsdam

Create Your Own Walk in Potsdam

Creating your own self-guided walk in Potsdam is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Neuer Garten Walking Tour

Neuer Garten Walking Tour

Laid out at the behest of Friedrich William II in 1787, Potsdam's Neuer Garten (New Garden) was indeed "new" compared to the already in place Sanssouci Park.

Between 1816 and 1828, the area was modified further as an English-style, open landscape garden, with an aim to reproduce nature – trees and plants were left to grow naturally, unshaped and untrimmed. Rural life was also...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.8 Km or 1.7 Miles
Sanssouci Park Walking Tour

Sanssouci Park Walking Tour

Sanssouci Park is a unique Potsdam landmark that occupies 290 hectares in the heart of the city. The Park is named after the Sanssouci Palace that it surrounds, which in turn takes its name from the French phrase "sans souci", which means carefree, and implies that the palace was designated as a place of fun, rather than a seat of power.

Indeed, the Sanssouci Palace was built in 1747...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.9 Km or 2.4 Miles
Potsdam Introduction Walking Tour

Potsdam Introduction Walking Tour

Potsdam was likely founded during the seventh century by the Hevelli tribe. The town was mentioned by the name of Poztupimi in a document from Emperor Otto III. The name likely came from an old Western Slavonic term roughly meaning "beneath the oaks."

By the early 1300s, a small town had formed with a town charter. By 1573 the town had around 2,000 people living there. Potsdam rose to...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.8 Km or 2.4 Miles