Rossio Square, Lisbon

Rossio Square, Lisbon (must see)

The Rossio Square is one of the main squares in Lisbon from the middle ages. It is a popular meeting place for locals and visitors to Lisbon for centuries and some of the surrounding cafes date back to the 18th century.

Rossio is the popular name for the Pedro IV Square in honor of Pedro IV, the King of Portugal and the first Emperor of Brazil. His statue is placed on a column at the center of the square. The name "rossio" is roughly equivalent to the word "commons" in English and refers to a commonly owned terrain. Around 1450, the Palace of Estaus, destined to house foreign dignitaries and noblemen visiting Lisbon, was built on the north side of the square. After the Inquisition was installed in Lisbon, the Palace of Estaus became its seat, and the Rossio was frequently used as a setting for public executions. The first auto-da-fé took place in 1540. It has also been the site of bullfights, revolts and celebrations.

Today, the Rosseo square is a pleasant place where locals and visitors come for a stroll, for browsing in the surrounding quaint shops or for a drink at the many cafes that offer outdoor seating. It is paved with cobblestones in wave patterns, a paving style used in Portugal and many of its colonies. There are two baroque fountains on either side of the square and at the site of the former inquisition palace is the Dona Maria II National Theatre.

Why You Should Visit:
It may not have many places to sit and relax, but you can sit all day long in it and not get bored.

Tip:
The place looks active always, but if you have time, visit at night. The fountains are lit, and the crowd can be a bit livelier, too!
While there, be sure to check out the elaborate facade and striking horseshoe entry arches of the nearby Rossio train station.

This sight is featured in a self-guided walking tour of Lisbon, Portugal within the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" which can be downloaded from iTunes App Store or Google Play. Please download the app to your mobile phone or tablet for travel directions for visiting this sight. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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Rossio Square on Map

Sight Name: Rossio Square
Sight Location: Lisbon, Portugal
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Lisbon, Portugal

Create Your Own Walk in Lisbon

Create Your Own Walk in Lisbon

Creating your own self-guided walk in Lisbon is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Alfama & Baixa Souvenir Shops

Alfama & Baixa Souvenir Shops

It would be a pity to leave Lisbon without having explored its specialty shops and bringing home something truly original. We've compiled a list of gifts and souvenirs, which are unique to Lisbon, that a visitor might like to purchase to reflect their visit. Take this tour to explore Alfama and Baixa districts souvenir shops.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.8 Km or 1.1 Miles
Parque das Nacoes Walking Tour

Parque das Nacoes Walking Tour

Parque das Nações, often referred to by locals as “Expo”, is a commercial and residential area in Lisbon which gained popularity and underwent tremendous transformation in the late 1990s as a site of the World Expo 1998. Many attractions were built here during that time, including the Oceanarium (the world's biggest), Science Museum, Vasco da Gama Tower, Vasco da Gama Bridge and others....  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.3 Km or 2.7 Miles
Amoreiras Walking Tour

Amoreiras Walking Tour

Amoreiras is a modern comfortable and beautiful Lisbon District, located in the north-western part of the city. Take this tour to walk along the Rue das Amoreiras and enjoy the bairro sites and attractions.

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.4 Km or 2.1 Miles
Central Lisbon Nightlife

Central Lisbon Nightlife

Lisbon is a great place for partying and is one of Europe's best clubbing cities. You can choose from the eighties hip-hop to hard rock, from dancing to house or to the tunes of a live band. The usual practice in Lisbon is to go pub hopping, have a fulfilling dinner and then move on to the dance floor. The club scene really starts around 2 am and continues until dawn. This guide introduces...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.5 Km or 1.6 Miles
Madragoa Nightlife

Madragoa Nightlife

Lisbon is a great place for partying and is one of Europe's best clubbing cities. You can choose from the eighties hip-hop to hard rock, from dancing to house or to the tunes of a live band. The usual practice in Lisbon is to go pub hopping, have a fulfilling dinner and then move on to the dance floor. The club scene really starts around 2 am and continues until dawn. This guide introduces...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.6 Km or 1 Miles
Self-Guided Tour of Lisbon Museums

Self-Guided Tour of Lisbon Museums

As expected of any European capital city with a rich history, Lisbon has numerous museums. They offer excellent insight into the past and have a rich collection of art: sculpture and paintings. Among the many popular museums and galleries in Lisbon, some are quite unique and not to be missed. Take this tour to visit the most important museums in Lisbon.

Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 5.5 Km or 3.4 Miles

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