Shaare Tikva Synagogue, Lisbon

Shaare Tikva Synagogue, Lisbon

The Lisbon Synagogue, called Shaaré Tikvah (Gates of Hope) is a historical synagogue in Lisbon.

There have been Jews in Lisbon at least since the Middle Ages, but the community suffered a major blow in 1497, when an edict by King Manuel I ordered Jews either to convert to Christianity or to leave the country. All synagogues of Lisbon were confiscated by the King and given to Christian religious orders. For the Jews that converted to Catholicism, called New Christians (cristãos novos), the establishment of the Portuguese Inquisition in 1536 meant a permanent danger of being persecuted.

The situation for Judaism in Portugal changed at the beginning of the 19th century, when the Portuguese Inquisition was abolished and Sephardi Jews from Morocco and Gibraltar, mostly merchants, started to migrate to Lisbon and other parts of Portugal. During the whole 19th century, the small Lisbon Jewish community had no formal synagogue and had to celebrate their religious rites in private houses.

Finally, in 1897 a commission was established with the mission of building a central synagogue in Lisbon. The project was entrusted to the architect Miguel Ventura Terra, and the works began in 1902. The main facade of the synagogue faces an inner courtyard, since Portuguese law at the time forbade non-Catholic religious temples from facing the street.

Inaugurated in 1904, the Lisbon Synagogue was the first synagogue to be built in Portugal since the late 15th century. Ventura Terra conceived a temple in a style mixing Neo-Byzantine and Neo-Romanesque, consistent with the Oriental fashion for Synagogue architecture.

In 2004, a ceremony was held to celebrate the synagogue's 100th anniversary. Portuguese President Jorge Sampaio and Israel's Sephardi Chief Rabbi Shlomo Amar were among the speakers.
Sight description based on wikipedia

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Shaare Tikva Synagogue on Map

Sight Name: Shaare Tikva Synagogue
Sight Location: Lisbon, Portugal (See walking tours in Lisbon)
Sight Type: Religious
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Lisbon, Portugal

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Lisbon Introduction Walking Tour

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Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.3 Km or 2.1 Miles
Belem Walking Tour

Belem Walking Tour

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Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.0 Km or 1.9 Miles
Amoreiras Walking Tour

Amoreiras Walking Tour

Due to its excellent central location in one of Lisbon's most vibrant neighborhoods, Amoreiras marks one of the Portuguese capital's entrances as well as being one of its most sophisticated areas. This is where you'll find the emblematic Amoreiras Shopping Center with its eye-catching postmodern towers, housing international chains and a good food court. Take our self-guided tour to...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.6 Km or 1.6 Miles
Alfama Walking Tour

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Alfama is the oldest district in Lisbon, whose name derives from the Arabic "Al-hamma" and means "hot fountains" or "baths". The district is a home to numerous historic attractions, including a former royal residence – the medieval São Jorge Castle, as well as numerous churches, of which the most prominent is Lisbon's Cathedral, oldest in the city, and the...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.0 Km or 1.9 Miles
Sao Jorge Castle to Lisbon Cathedral Walking Tour

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This self-guided walk takes you from the breathtaking Sao Jorge historic castle to the city's oldest church, the Lisbon Cathedral, while taking in the picturesque Alfama district – where it is said Fado originated – along the way. Included also are several unique museums, as well as two viewpoints from where you can look out over Alfama and the Tagus River. A classic Lisbon walk!

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.1 Km or 0.7 Miles
Souvenir Shopping Tour

Souvenir Shopping Tour

It would be a pity to leave Lisbon without having explored its specialty shops and bringing home something truly original. We've compiled a list of gifts and souvenirs, which are unique to Lisbon, that a visitor might like to purchase to reflect their visit. Take this tour to explore Alfama and Baixa districts souvenir shops.

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.9 Km or 1.2 Miles

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