Tempio di Romolo (Temple of Romulus), Rome

Tempio di Romolo (Temple of Romulus), Rome

The Temple of Romulus occupies a position between the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina and the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine. Despite its name, the true origin and intended dedication of the temple have been subjects of ongoing debate among historians and archaeologists.

Traditionally, it was believed that the Temple of Romulus was dedicated by Emperor Maxentius to honor his young son, Valerio Romolo, who sadly passed away at the tender age of four in 309. However, recent studies have challenged this view, suggesting that the temple might actually be associated with the Penates of Rome or dedicated to Jupiter. According to these alternative theories, the temple was founded by Romulus himself, the legendary founder and first king of Rome, on the very spot where the Romans clashed with the Sabines.

The Temple of Romulus is characterized by its distinct circular shape and a dome constructed using concrete. The entire structure is crafted from bricks, a common building material of the time. The circular hall is flanked by two symmetrical apsidal halls, creating a harmonious layout. On the exterior, you can observe four small niches that were likely intended to house decorative statues, adding an artistic touch to the temple's facade.

Upon approaching the temple, one encounters an entrance adorned with two porphyry columns. Porphyry, a type of marble highly prized in ancient times, was considered as valuable as gold and is now extremely rare. The original bronze door, still in place today, showcases a green hue and boasts a perfectly functioning lock, a testament to the longevity of its craftsmanship.

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Tempio di Romolo (Temple of Romulus) on Map

Sight Name: Tempio di Romolo (Temple of Romulus)
Sight Location: Rome, Italy (See walking tours in Rome)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Rome, Italy

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Creating your own self-guided walk in Rome is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Rome Shopping Streets Walking Tour

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Hidden Art Treasures in Rome

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Rome is one of the world's top living museums, replete with some of the most iconic pieces of art on the face of the planet. Famous artists, such as Michelangelo, Caravaggio, Raphael, Bernini, to mention but a few, had lived and worked here and left indelible marks in the city.

Needless to say that the abundance of masterpieces makes Rome crowded with tourists anxious to see them, causing...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.2 Km or 2 Miles
"Roman Holiday" Movie Walking Tour

"Roman Holiday" Movie Walking Tour

A movie beloved by generations of people, "Roman Holiday" (1953) was filmed entirely in Rome and starred two of Hollywood's greatest icons: Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck. The romantic comedy would go on to earn three Oscars, including the best actress trophy for Hepburn, who is entirely sympathetic in a role that could have been off-putting. The main storyline centers on a day of...  view more

Tour Duration: 4 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 9.0 Km or 5.6 Miles
Trastevere Walking Tour

Trastevere Walking Tour

Heading down from the Vatican along the River Tiber, one is bound to find yet another city hidden within the city – Trastevere. This name translates literally to "across the Tiber". Indeed, crossing the picturesque Ponte Sisto (Sisto Bridge) to the west bank, you will find yourself in a charming neighborhood with a distinct character that sets it apart from any other part of Rome.

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Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.9 Km or 1.8 Miles
Holy Sites Walking Tour

Holy Sites Walking Tour

As the cradle of the Catholic Church, one of the world's largest organizations, Rome has a large number of valuable, sacred places of worship. Crowded with architectural splendors from different periods of time, each of its churches and basilicas represent a significant part of culture and history.

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Tour Duration: 3 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 6.9 Km or 4.3 Miles
Palatine Hill Walking Tour

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Palatine Hill is one of the seven hills of Rome and the most ancient part of the capital. Based on Roman mythology and archaeological evidence, this hill is considered the birthplace of the city – a place where legendary Romulus founded it in 753 BC. Furthermore, the very word “palace” – indicating the emperor’s residence (“Palatium”), much as that of other dignitaries and prominent...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.0 Km or 0.6 Miles

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