Red Square, Moscow

Red Square, Moscow (must see)

Red Square (Russian: Krasnaya Ploshchad) is by far the most famous spot in Moscow. Located in the center of the city, 330 meters long by 70 meters wide, it represents in many ways the very “heart of Russia”. In large part, this is due to the adjoining Kremlin, a historic fortress and the seat of the Russian government. Both, Red Square and the Kremlin are designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1990.

Built in the late 15th century, the square has been consistently a focal point in the social and political life of Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union, and then the Russian Federation. Over the years, it has seen numerous events: executions, demonstrations, historic speeches and even rock concerts (by the likes of Pink Floyd, Scorpions and Paul McCartney). Each year, on May 9, Red Square hosts a military parade celebrating Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.

Contrary to the popular presumption, the name “red” does not refer to the pigment of the Kremlin bricks (which were, in fact, whitewashed at some point in history) nor has anything to do with the “redness” of communism. It reality, it derives from the second meaning of the word “krasnaya” which is the archaic Russian for "beautiful, pretty”, and has been attached to the square since the late 17th century.

Why You Should Visit:
Awash with landmarks: Kremlin to the west, GUM store to the east, the State Historical Museum to the north, and the Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed to the south. Next to it is the Lobnoye Mesto, a white stone platform from the 16th century – a place for public proclamations.
Lenin’s mausoleum, the final resting place of Vladimir Lenin, founder of the Soviet Union, is by the Kremlin Wall. Right behind it are the graves of major political leaders and heroes of the Soviet Union, including Joseph Stalin.

Coming at night is a good idea, when the nearby buildings are illuminated.
If you're a keen skater, make sure to visit in winter, when a skate rink is on.
Sight description based on Wikipedia.

Want to visit this sight? Check out these Self-Guided Walking Tours in Moscow. Alternatively, you can download the mobile app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" from Apple App Store or Google Play Store. The app turns your mobile device to a personal tour guide and it works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

Download The GPSmyCity App

Red Square on Map

Sight Name: Red Square
Sight Location: Moscow, Russia (See walking tours in Moscow)
Sight Type: Attraction/Landmark
Guide(s) Containing This Sight:

Walking Tours in Moscow, Russia

Create Your Own Walk in Moscow

Create Your Own Walk in Moscow

Creating your own self-guided walk in Moscow is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Arbat Street Walking Tour

Arbat Street Walking Tour

The historic center of Moscow is mainly associated with Arbat, one of the oldest streets in the city, emerged as far back as the early 15th century. The origin of the name “Arbat” is subject to numerous theories suggesting the Russian, Tatar, Persian, or even Arab roots, meaning the "bumpy road", the "cart road", the "suburb", or the "outskirts".

The...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.3 Km or 0.8 Miles
Moscow Introduction Walking Tour

Moscow Introduction Walking Tour

Moscow (Russian: Moskva) is the capital and the largest city in Russia. Cosmopolitan as such, it is the nation’s political, economic, cultural, scientific and religious center. The city's name is thought to have derived from that of the Moskva River upon which it stands.

The first known reference to Moscow dates from 1147 and is associated with Prince Yuri Dolgoruky, the city's...  view more

Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.2 Km or 2 Miles
Red Square Walking Tour

Red Square Walking Tour

There's hardly any place in Russia more popular than Moscow's Red Square. Marking the center of the city, Red Square indeed represents in many ways the very heart of the Russian capital and the whole country. Built in the late 15th century, it has been a focal point in Russia's social and political life ever since, witnessing many historic and sometimes dramatic events including...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.0 Km or 0.6 Miles
Communist Moscow Tour

Communist Moscow Tour

The arrival of communist ideology left an indelible imprint in the history of the 20th century, largely affecting the lives of people, arts, and architecture. Having been at the heart of the Soviet empire for almost 70 years, Moscow is a great destination for everyone interested in the Soviet heritage, the traces of which are found throughout the city.

By far, the most iconic site associated...  view more

Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.1 Km or 1.3 Miles

Useful Travel Guides for Planning Your Trip

16 Best Russian Things to Buy as Souvenirs in Moscow

16 Best Russian Things to Buy as Souvenirs in Moscow

While it's easier to list the riches Russia does not have, if there are such, the variety of authentic Russian stuff available in Moscow is truly mind-blowing. Some items are obscenely expensive, others - affordable, but both can make a memorable gift from the largest country in the world. To...