South Carolina, Charleston Guide (B): History of Charleston

History of Charleston
Beginnings

In 1660 after the death of Oliver Cromwell, Charles II was restored to the English throne. Three years later, in 1663, Charles rewarded eight of his loyal ex-generals by granting them a charter to the Carolina territory. These eight men were known as the Lord Proprietors. After seven years the Lord Proprietors finally managed to arrange for the first settlement, Charles Towne, named for King Charles I. It was established in 1670 across the Ashley River from the city’s current location.

By 1680 the settlement had grown and had been relocated to its current site. Charleston was the capital of the Carolina colony and the southernmost point of English settlement during the late 1600s. Because of periodic assaults from Spain and France, who still contested England’s claims to the region, as well as raids by American Indians and pirates, Charleston’s colonists erected a fortification around the small settlement. The only building to remain from the Walled City is the Powder Magazine where the city’s supply of gunpowder was stored.

A plan for the new settlement was laid out in 1680. Land surrounding the intersection of Meeting and Broad Streets was set aside for a Civic Square. In time, this became known as the “Four Corners of the Law” because of the various arms of governmental and religious law located on the square. St. Michael’s Episcopal Church was built on the southeast corner in 1752. The Capitol of the colony was erected across the square ...... (follow the instructions below for accessing the rest of this article).
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Sights Map

Guide Name: History of Charleston
Guide Location: USA » Charleston
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Article (B))
Sight(s) featured in this guide: Powder Magazine   St. Michael’s Episcopal Church   Old Bethel United Methodist Church   Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church   Charles Towne Landing State Historic Site   Exchange and Custom House   Charleston County Court House   Porter Military Academy   The William Enston Home   United States Post Office and Courthouse   United States Post Office  
Author: Sarah Hurst
Read it on author's website: http://www.inzanouts.com