Tallinn - Medieval Nobility and Hanseatic Merchants

Estonia, Tallinn Guide (B): Tallinn - Medieval Nobility and Hanseatic Merchants

During the Middle Ages the Estonian Vikings were a thorn in the side of Denmark, a great military and mercantile power at the time. In 1219 the Danish fleet sailed into the harbour of Tallinn, and claimed possession of Tallinn and Northern Estonia. A claim that was upheld by the Pope. Denmark ruled Estonia until 1343 when the country was taken over by the Teutonic Order intent of converting pagan Estonia to Christianity. This order was a small, voluntary and mercenary order formed help Christians on their pilgrimages to the Holy Land. These Teutonic Knights served as a crusading military order to protect Christians in the Holy Land and the Baltics. Denmark subsequently sold Tallinn to Germany where the order had originated. Once these Crusaders or Iron Men had taken over Tallinn they ruled the town from the castle established by the Danes on Toompea Hill. This castle has always been the seat of government in Estonia and today it is home to the Parliament of Estonia. The castle has been revamped over the centuries and was revamped between 1767 and 1773 when it was given a pink, late Baroque façade. ...... (follow the instructions below for accessing the rest of this article).
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Sights Map

Guide Name: Tallinn - Medieval Nobility and Hanseatic Merchants
Guide Location: Estonia » Tallinn
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Article (B))
Sight(s) featured in this guide: cathedral of Saint Mary the Virgin   church of Saint Nicholas   Town Hall Square   Estonian History Museum   Fat Margaret Tower   Estonian Maritime Museum   Kiek in de Kök   Occupation Museum   Carved Stone Museum  
Author: Valery Collins
Read it on author's website: https://experiencedtraveller.com/journal/2017-01-15-tallinn-medieval-nobility-and-hanseatic-merchants