City Orientation Walk, Pecs

The city of Pecs has been the point of intersection of many eras, religions and political views. Since its time as the capital of the Valeria province of the Roman Empire, the city has maintained its historic cultural heritage. Take this orientation walk to visit the most popular and prominent sights of the city.
You can follow this self-guided walking tour to explore the attractions listed below. How it works: download the app "GPSmyCity: Walks in 1K+ Cities" from iTunes App Store or Google Play to your mobile phone or tablet. The app turns your mobile device into a personal tour guide and its built-in GPS navigation functions guide you from one tour stop to next. The app works offline, so no data plan is needed when traveling abroad.

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City Orientation Walk Map

Guide Name: City Orientation Walk
Guide Location: Hungary » Pecs (See other walking tours in Pecs)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 14
Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.0 km
Author: hollyg
1
City Hall

1) City Hall (must see)

The City Hall is a fine example of Neobaroque style with a hint of eclectic design. It was built in 1907. If you stand on Széchenyi Square you can hear City Hall's bell that has rung every hour since 1871! The building has a great history. It was demolished and restored several times: in 1695, and then in 1834 when it was presented as a Classicist-styled building designed by József Piatsek. By the year 1895 the city required a new larger building for its needs and the city assembly decided to built the current City Hall.
2
The County Hall

2) The County Hall (must see)

The County Hall is probably the most beautifully decorated building on Széchenyi Square. Some of the decorations were made by the Zsolnay factory foremen. It was built in 1897. In 1954 part of the building burned down, but later it was reconstructed with a new roof that was simpler than previously. Notably, the front space of the building from the side of the street was constructed by Jesuits between 1716 and 1726. They took some tombstones from the Turkish cemetery. Curious visitors may notice wonderful frescos made by Ernő Gebauer, above the stairs, which describe the foundation of the first university of Pécs. There is also a small park in front of the building where you can see a marble bust of Leonardo da Vinci.
3
The Hattyú House

3) The Hattyú House

The building of the Hattyú House was completed in the 1800s and planned as the "Fehér Hattyú" or the "White Swan" Inn. The story of the place begins with the "Fehér Hattyú Vigadó" Dance Hall building, then the construction was renewed in an eclectic style, when the House received a fine new gateway. There was a period of time in 1809 when the building served as a military hospital. In October 1846 the main dance room of the house hosted Ferenc Liszt's concert. At this concert the audience enjoyed the first performance of the maestro's Hungarian Song sang by the Pécs Choral Society. Nowadays visitors of the hall may see the words "Swan Court" when entering the building and some black letters meaning "Swan" on the main facade. The large wooden door at the main entrance leads you to the beautiful garden where a statue of a sitting woman warmly greets you.
4
Kiraly utca

4) Kiraly utca (must see)

A very nice street, in the centre of Pecs. It is the epicenter of restaurants, cafes and little shops. It is a great place for those who enjoy pleasant walks.
5
Dominican House

5) Dominican House

The construction of the Dominican House was started in 1724 as a church, but later the building was converted to an apartment building by the 19th century. There is a pyro-granite plaque on the building's facade with a picture of the old church and a marble plank in the middle of the square that tells about the Dominicans whose history in Pecs dates back to 1288. Now the Dominican House is a cultural centre.
6
National Theatre of Pécs

6) National Theatre of Pécs

The National Theatre of Pécs is the main theatre of the city. Theatrical plays became a regular attraction in the city from the beginning of the 19th century in German and Hungarian language. Most often they were arranged in larger dancing halls, inns, the small stage of Tettye or the Elefánt-house Inn. While being continuously planned from 1815 onwards, the first theatre opened only in 1840 in the Mária street. Demolished in 1890, only a sketch of the facade remained from this building.

To meet the demand for a high-quality structure, the city council set up a committee, led by mayor János Aidinger to coordinate the planning. The design competition of 1890 was won by Adolf Lang and Adolf Steinhardt, who, in cooperation with the renowned Fellner-Helmer duo, and 10 000 Ft granted by the county council, started the construction. The premiere was held on 5 October 1895 with the play Bánk bán.

The theatre became nationalized between 1949 and 1989. The chamber theatre was opened, which was transformed to a children's theatre from 1965. After the theatre building's deterioration worsened in the middle of the 1980s, a 5 year long reconstruction started in 1986, equipping the theatre with a modern orchestra pit and new machinery.

"(The above description is based on Wikipedia under Creative Common License)"
Sight description based on wikipedia
7
Synagogue

7) Synagogue (must see)

The Synagogue of Pecs was built in July 1869 according to the design made by Frigyes Feszl Károly Gerster and Lipót Kauser, who played an essential part in Hungarian architecture of the nineteenth century. The Jewish community of Pecs is not numerous, but very unified; they use the Synagogue regularly on weekdays. Jewish religious laws do not agree with metaphorical motifs which is why the main facade of the building of Synagogue is divided into three parts. According to Biblical inscriptions people of any religion may visit the Jewish service. Visitors can see the "stone tablets of Moses" on the top of the façade. The synagogue sanctuary ceiling is covered with painted stars. The sanctuary itself is divided from the nave by the bronze railings and is directed toward Jerusalem.
8
Hild Garden

8) Hild Garden

The Hild Garden bears the name of József Hild, a Hungarian architect. It is situated inside the Elephant House, the well-known complex of buildings in Pecs. The garden has 3 gates that connect it with the Szécheny and Jókai squares. The Hild Garden is surrounded by apartment buildings and houses of some famous families. One of the houses differs from the others thanks to its convenience for different ages and interests; it was bought in 1816 by the Pecs architect József Piatsek and is situated on the north side of the block.
9
The Bath of Pasha Memi

9) The Bath of Pasha Memi (must see)

The Bath of Pasha Memi is the longest Turkish bath that remained from the times of Turkish rule. The construction was demolished only in 1880, but then renewed by the year 1963. In the 1970s the Turkish bath was opened to the public, housing an exhibition of Turkish historical artifacts. The Turkish aristocracy had a strong tradition of order for the exterior as well as for the interior. They built their mosques to clean the soul and the baths to clean the body. Today visitors may see the reconstructed area of the Turkish spa-room and another showing of Turkish spa history in Hungary.
10
The Mosque of Jakovali Hassan Pasha

10) The Mosque of Jakovali Hassan Pasha (must see)

The Mosque of Jakovali Hassan Pasha contains a museum inside it. Jakovali Hassan Mosque is the most complete Turkish temple in Hungary. It is a 16th-century mosque with various Muslim religious artifacts. The Mosque was built and established by pasha Yakovali Hassan, and represents the only Turkish age mosque in Hungary that remained intact together with its minaret. It was converted into a Catholic church, but its original Arabic inscriptions inside the niche remain intact.
11
The Bishop's Palace

11) The Bishop's Palace (must see)

The construction of the Bishop's Palace dates back to the twelfth century. Frankish Bishop Bonipert was the first owner of the Palace, but the second resident was Hungarian Bishop Mór. Then, the building was remodeled in Renaissance style, but in the period of Bishop György Klimó, the Palace gained a completely new look. Later, in the nineteenth century, it received some modifications: the second story, the new ornamented facade, the balcony and the statue of Imre Varga were added. The Bishop's Palace is open for visitors in the summer every Thursday.
12
Cathedral

12) Cathedral (must see)

The Pecs Cathedral was built in the eleventh century by Bishop St. Maurice. The building was destroyed and rebuilt several times during wars. It was used as a mosque and was embellished with a minaret (spire) during the Turkish invasion. The current exterior of Neo-Romanesque style was added to the main construction by the end of the nineteenth century. The interior look of the cathedral remained Gothic, with some baroque additions and furnishings. Inside the edifice you can find wonderful frescoes by 19th-century artists Károly Lotz and Bertalan Székely. Visitors to the cathedral may be surprised with organ concerts that are given throughout the year. The square in front of the cathedral and the beautiful park with a magnificent fountain is a popular gathering place. Various folk concerts, dances and fairs are held there also.
13
Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs

13) Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs (must see)

The early Christian necropolis of Pécs dates to the fourth century when Pecs bore the name of Sopianae. The necropolis is the extraordinary complex of constructions of early Christian art and architecture. The appearance of underground burial chambers and memorial chapels is awe-inspiring. The ancient Roman-Christian remains were unearthed in 1975 when the Szent István Square was undergoing reconstruction. The early Christian necropolis was included in the list of historic-cultural treasures by the World Heritage Committee. Discover the ancient history of a great civilization that still prospers!
14
City Court

14) City Court

The City Court is another eclectically-styled building that is by Imre Schlauch. It was built in 1891. In times of Turkish rule, the site of the City Court building hosted the bath of pasha Gazi Kaseem, but the location became a prison in 1722. Later, when Civic Casino shareholders bought the site, there was a theatre here. The City Court was constructed only after the theatre's building was demolished.

Walking Tours in Pecs, Hungary

Create Your Own Walk in Pecs

Create Your Own Walk in Pecs

Creating your own self-guided walk in Pecs is easy and fun. Choose the city attractions that you want to see and a walk route map will be created just for you. You can even set your hotel as the start point of the walk.
Museums Self-Guided Walking Tour in Pecs, Part II

Museums Self-Guided Walking Tour in Pecs, Part II

The city of Pecs is well-known in Europe for its rich artistic and cultural life. The remarkable museums and galleries of this Hungarian city include exhibitions by world famous Pecs citizens such as Janus Pannonius or Victor Vasarely, as well as exhibits on ethnography, natural sciences, modern Hungarian art and many others. Seize the opportunity to enjoy an unforgettable museum tour in Pecs!

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 0.7 km
Religious Walking Tour in Pecs, Part I

Religious Walking Tour in Pecs, Part I

Pecs is one of the largest cities in Hungary. It was founded in the second century by Romans and now it is the heart of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pecs. The city experienced 150 years of Ottoman occupation. The Turkish religious heritage is represented by magnificent mosques. Visitors can notice the importance of religion in Pecs's history when admiring wonderful churches and chapels. Don't miss the chance to enjoy sophisticated architecture and the great history of Pecs's religious edifices!

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.2 km
Religious Walking Tour in Pecs, Part II

Religious Walking Tour in Pecs, Part II

The city of Pecs had become an important Christian centre by the fourth century, and the episcopate of Pecs was established in 1009. Pecs has always been a multicultural city because of its history which remembers the Ottoman occupation and early Christian influence. Take this tour to explore more exquisite religious buildings in Pecs!

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 4.7 km
Architectural Self-Guided Walking Tour of Pecs

Architectural Self-Guided Walking Tour of Pecs

The city of Pecs is rich in history, art and culture. This is due to the fact that the city's territory has been the site of intersection of different civilizations through the centuries. Magnificent palaces, original constructions of administrative buildings and other wonderful masterpieces by famous architects will amaze you when you discover the beauty of the architecture of Pecs!

Tour Duration: 1 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.7 km
Museums Self-Guided Walking Tour in Pecs, Part I

Museums Self-Guided Walking Tour in Pecs, Part I

The city of Pecs is the cultural and artistic centre of the Baranya county. Pecs was given the name of European Capital of Culture in 2010. The city has a very rich cultural heritage that is reflected in particular in its great museums! Unique exhibitions, original artifacts, historical findings, even ancient ruins: you can discover all of these visiting the unforgettable museums of Pecs!

Tour Duration: 2 hour(s)
Travel Distance: 3.4 km

Tips for Exploring City on Foot at Your Own Pace

Whether you are in Pecs for a quick stopover or have a few days to see the city in more detail, exploring it on foot, at your own pace, is definitely the way to go. Here are some tips for you to save money, see the best Pecs has to offer, take good care of your feet while walking, and keep your mobile device – your ultimate "work horse" on this trip - well fed and safe.

Taking Care of Your Feet


To ensure ultimate satisfaction from a day of walking around the city as big as Pecs, it is imperative to take good care of your feet so as to avoid unpleasant things like blisters, cold or overheated soles, itchy, irritated or otherwise damaged (cracked) skin, etc. Luckily, these days there is no shortage of remedies to address (and, ideally, to prevent) these and other potential problems with feet. Among them: Compression Socks, Rechargeable Battery-Powered Thermo Socks for Cold Weather, Foot Repair Cream, Deodorant Powder, Shoes UV Sterilizer, and many more that you may wish to find a place in your travel kit for.

Travel Gadgets for Your Mobile Device


Your mobile phone or tablet will be your work horse on a self-guided walk. They offer tour map, guide you from one attraction to another, and provide informative background for the sights you wish to visit. Therefore it is absolutely essential to plan against unexpected power outages in the wrong place at the wrong time, much as to ensure the safety of your device.

For these and other contingencies, here's the list of useful appliances: Portable Charger/External Battery Pack, Worldwide Travel Charger Adapter, Power Converter for International Travel Adapter, and Mobile Device Leash.