Old Damascus Landmarks Tour (Self Guided), Damascus

Old Damascus has many precious historic landmarks that are full of mystery. The following self-guided tour will lead you to Damascus’ most amazing landmarks.
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Old Damascus Landmarks Tour Map

Guide Name: Old Damascus Landmarks Tour
Guide Location: Syria » Damascus (See other walking tours in Damascus)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 8
Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 0.9 Km or 0.6 Miles
Author: leticia
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Babel Faradees (Gate of Paradise)
  • Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosque
  • Babel Faraj
  • Qalaa Garden
  • Malek Seifoddin Tower
  • Damascus Citadel
  • Darol Hadeeth Al Ashrafiah
  • Madrasah Al-Osrooniah
1
Babel Faradees (Gate of Paradise)

1) Babel Faradees (Gate of Paradise)

Located in the north of the historic Old City, Babel Faradees (Gate of Paradise), or Bab al-Amara, is one of Damascus’ seven ancient gates. It was named so because it had been surrounded by water and gardens during the Roman era.
2
Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosque

2) Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosque (must see)

Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosque is a shrine located in Damascus, that contains the grave of Sukayna, the infant daughter of Husayn ibn ‘Alī. After enduring the advent of Karbalā and the torturous journey to Damascus that followed it, Sukayna died at the age of four in Yazid's prison, where she was originally buried. Years later however, upon the flooding of her gravesite, her grave was reopened and she was moved to the site where the Mosque now stands.

The mosque was built around the mausolem in 1985 and exhibits the modern style of Iranian architecture, with a tremendous amount of mirror and gold work. There is a small mosque area adjoining the shrine room, along with a small courtyard in front. This mosque is found a short distance from the Umayyad Mosque and the Al-Hamidiyah Souq in central Damascus.
Sight description based on wikipedia
3
Babel Faraj

3) Babel Faraj

Babel Faraj, in the north of Old Damascus, is another one of the seven ancient city gates. The interior dates back to its original construction, while the exterior’s most recent renovation took place in 1948.
4
Qalaa Garden

4) Qalaa Garden

Qalaa Garden is a beautiful exotic garden located near the ancient Damascus Citadel. This gift from the Swiss houses wonderful plants and gorgeous flowers and offers a spectacular view of the city.
5
Malek Seifoddin Tower

5) Malek Seifoddin Tower

Malek Seifoddin Tower is located on the northeast corner of the Damascus Citadel, near Babel Faraj. This impressive historic construction takes you back to the city’s glorious past, reminding one of its long history.
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Damascus Citadel

6) Damascus Citadel (must see)

The Citadel of Damascus is a large medieval fortified palace. It is part of the Ancient City of Damascus, which was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. The location of the current citadel was first fortified in 1076 by the Turkman warlord Atsiz bin Uvak. After the assassination of Atsiz bin Uvak, the project was finished by the Seljuq ruler Tutush I. The emirs of the subsequent Burid and Zengid dynasties carried out modifications and added new structures to it. During this period, the citadel and the city were besieged several times by Crusader and Muslim armies. In 1174, the citadel was captured by Saladin, the Ayyubid sultan of Egypt, who made it his residence and had the defences and residential buildings modified.

The citadel is located in the northwest corner of the city walls, between the Bab al-Faradis and the Bab al-Jabiyah. The citadel consists of a more or less rectangular curtain wall enclosing an area of 230 by 150 metres (750 by 490 ft). The walls were originally protected by 14 massive towers, but today only 12 remain. The citadel has gates on its northern, western and eastern flanks. The current citadel dates primarily to the Ayyubid period while incorporating parts of the older Seljuq fortress. Extensive repairs in response to sieges and earthquakes were carried out in the Mamluk and Ottoman periods.
Sight description based on wikipedia
7
Darol Hadeeth Al Ashrafiah

7) Darol Hadeeth Al Ashrafiah

Darol Hadeeth Al Ashrafiah is an old school and mosque built by Sultan Al Malek Mousa Al Ashraf Al Ayyobi in 1120. Such prominent Muslim scholars as Ben Al Salah, Al Nawawi, Al Sobki, Al Zahabi, Abo Shamah and Al Harastani are known to have studied here.
8
Madrasah Al-Osrooniah

8) Madrasah Al-Osrooniah

Madrasah Al-Osrooniah, one of the oldest schools in Damascus, was built by Ben Osroon Al Tamimi in 1017. After a fire in 1954, the school was turned into a market, named Asrooniah. Inside its library, Aagafha Halabi, you will find the tomb of Ben Osroon.

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