Historical Buildings Tour, San Jose

Historical Buildings Tour (Self Guided), San Jose

What's known today as San Jose, the capital of Costa Rica, came into being as a small settlement during the Spanish invasion, circa the mid-16th century. From a town of little importance, San Jose eventually evolved into a densely-populated cosmopolitan city, built mostly with proceeds from coffee trade.

The historic architecture of San Jose is a mix of European and Latin American styles with buildings dating back mostly to the end of the 19th – beginning of the 20th centuries. Just as imposing today as they were 100 years ago, these former benchmarks of good taste and prosperity, having survived numerous demolitions and works carried out in the heart of the capital over time, continue silently observing the ongoing history of San José amid its daily hustle and bustle.

Central Post Office – a monumental, elegant structure of an eclectic style and notable French influence, built between 1914 and 1917. Metropolitan Cathedral – originally mud-and-straw, this 18th-century church eventually took the shape of a concrete edifice with Salomonic columns that had survived numerous earthquakes prior to being remodeled and converted into the Metropolitan Cathedral it is today.

Teatro Popular Melico Salazar – completed in 1928; was renamed in the 1980s to honor Manuel “Melico” Salazar, one of the most recognized Costa Rican opera stars. Grand Hotel Costa Rica – one of the most distinguished hotels in San Jose, built in 1928-1930; many famous international guests traveling to Costa Rica have stayed here. The National Theater – built from 1890 to 1897; an ambitious project funded by local coffee oligarchs. Lavishly adorned with sculptures and paintings by renowned Italian artists.

For a closer look at these and other prominent monuments of historic architecture in San Jose, take this self-guided walking tour.
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Historical Buildings Tour Map

Guide Name: Historical Buildings Tour
Guide Location: Costa Rica » San Jose (See other walking tours in San Jose)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 7
Tour Duration: 1 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 1.7 Km or 1.1 Miles
Author: john
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:
  • Edificio Correos Central ( Central Post Office)
  • Catedral Metropolitana (Metropolitan Cathedral )
  • Teatro Popular Melico Salazar
  • Grand Hotel Costa Rica
  • Teatro Nacional (National Theater)
  • Iglesia La Soledad
  • Edificio Metalico
Edificio Correos Central ( Central Post Office)

1) Edificio Correos Central ( Central Post Office)

The Correo Central is the old historic Central Post Office of San Jose, Costa Rica. The neat thing is that it is still in full operation today. It was first opened in 1917, though the overall architectural design of the building would suggest that it is much older.

On the first floor of the building there is a Stamp Museum that is pretty neat, especially seeing as how the hobby of stamp collecting is very popular in the country. You can get classic examples from the history of the country here. Plus, how often do you see a stamp museum in an operating post office? The area is open Monday through Friday from 7:00 a.m. until 9:00 p.m. It is also open 8:00 a.m. until noon on Saturdays. Admission to the museum is free, since it is part of the post office.

There is a small park that is located right next to the building, which is a great spot to stop and rest. Some of the most beautiful fig trees in the country are located here, and provide a peaceful resting place for the wearing traveler.
Catedral Metropolitana (Metropolitan Cathedral )

2) Catedral Metropolitana (Metropolitan Cathedral ) (must see)

The Metropolitan Cathedral of San Jose was built in 1802 and has been the seat of the Catholic people of the city since. Sadly, in the early 1800s, the location was damaged by an earthquake. In 1871, it was rebuilt into the current structure that stands today.

The new center of worship combines Greek Orthodox, Neo-Classical, and Baroque styles of architecture together in a way that honors the old and new portions of the church. The Doric style pilasters and neo-classical pediment with steeples located on the side of the building are a fine example of how that melding of architectural styles happened.

You will want to pay a visit to the inside of this church also. The finely tiled Colonial floors and stainless windows are quite lovely. Various biblical themes adorn the windows. You will also want to check out the wooden Cherubs and figure of Christ at the altar.

In 1983, the church received a special visit from Pope John Paul II. You will be able to see a marble statue of him standing guard over the garden on the building's north side. Two former archbishops, as well as a Costa Rican President are buried in the basement of the building.

Although not technically part of the cathedral complex, a small statue of Holocaust victim Anne Frank graces the pedestrian mall on the building's south side. It was donated by the Embassy of the Netherlands.
Teatro Popular Melico Salazar

3) Teatro Popular Melico Salazar

The Melico Salazar Popular Theater, an important architectural structure in Costa Rica, has a complex history. While it is large and designed in the European Baroque style, it is less elaborate than the nearby National Theater, which was influenced by Parisian architecture.

Originally built in 1799, the theater was destroyed by a devastating earthquake in 1828. Despite this setback, it was rebuilt and operated smoothly until 1849, when former President of Costa Rica Juan Rafael Mora and his army occupied the building, leaving behind hidden cannons beneath the floor.

Over the years, the theater underwent numerous changes. In 1918, it became a boys' institution, but this ended in 1924 after an earthquake damaged its structure. Jose Raventos recognized its potential and purchased the property, transforming it into an elegant theater named the Raventos Theater. The theater was a venue for operas and entertainment until a fire destroyed its interior in 1967.

The theater was refurbished and renamed the Popular Theater. In 1976, a renewed interest in the arts and music led to a complete renovation of the interior, resulting in its latest name change in 1980 to the Melico Salazar Popular Theater, in honor of Manuel "Melico" Salazar, a renowned Costa Rican tenor.

Currently, the theater displays artworks from the Spanish Museum of Art and features new cascading balconies, a rebuilt stage, and an orchestra dais. Visitors can attend events during its season from April to December.
Grand Hotel Costa Rica

4) Grand Hotel Costa Rica

The Grand Hotel of Costa Rica is a true gem among the hotels of San Jose, Costa Rica, and it also happens to be the very first such hotel in the country. It was formed in 1928, and up till that time, there was no major first class hotel in the capital city. An act of the Constitutional Congress of the Republic of that year made it possible to get the hotel in town. The hotel got funding from the government, and in turn the hotel agreed to always sell Costa Rican coffee, as well as the hotel agreed to always keep two rooms available for the government to use for dignitaries and the like.

In 2004, President Abel Pacheco declared the hotel to be a national landmark of the country. The architecture of the place is also quite wonderful, expressing the best in Victorian style architecture. In recent times, the Choice International Hotel chain has acquired the hotel, and added it to its growing list of historic hotels that are being turned into Resorts. It remains a popular destination in the capital city not only because of its historicity, but because it also sits very close to the ocean and some of the best mountain side landscaping in the country.

On December 7th, 2004, the Gran Hotel Costa Rica was declared by the President of the country Abel Pacheco a historical-architectural landmark of Costa Rica, not only for being the first major hotel of the country, but also for its long trajectory, its architecture, which represents the San José of those years, and the historical complex it forms with other landmarks in the area.
Teatro Nacional (National Theater)

5) Teatro Nacional (National Theater) (must see)

The construction of the National Theater building started in 1891 and the first theatrical presentation took place in October of 1897, when Wolfgang von Goethe’s “Faust” debuted to the delight of the crowd there.

The glory days of the theater came during the time when coffee exports for the country were at their best. There were many good patrons of the arts, and the quality of the performers was at its best. At one point, there was also a tax on coffee dedicated to the arts. That kind of free-flowing money also shows in the design of the building which is well known for lavish furnishings and a beautiful, rich looking interior that was designed to rival the great theaters in Europe.

In the front of the theater is a statue of Calderon de la Barca and Ludwig van Beethoven, which are worth taking a moment to check out. The same statues are featured on the country's currency. The theater performs several times a week.

If you have a ticket for a performance, ask for the free English tour included in the ticket price to learn a bit of history about the place. Otherwise you can purchase a paid tour to see the play.
Iglesia La Soledad

6) Iglesia La Soledad

The Church of Our Lady of Solitude (Iglesia La Soledad) is a beautiful church located in the heart of downtown San Jose. This stunning church was built in the mid-nineteenth century and took over 30 years to complete. In 1999, it was recognized as part of the Historical and Architectural Heritage of the country.

The Church of Our Lady of Solitude was designed by the English architect Hugh G. Tonkin, at the request of the first Archbishop of Costa Rica, Anselmo Llorente y la Fuente. The construction of the church was done in masonry, with the influence of the Baroque style and wooden columns. The church's architecture and design are impressive and represent an important part of Costa Rica's cultural heritage.

One of the most remarkable features of the church is its beautiful stained glass windows, which were imported from Switzerland. These windows represent several biblical passages and add a unique touch to the already impressive church. Additionally, the church has several sculptures from the Stfulesser workshop, including the 14 Stations of the Cross, also called Way of the Cross.

The Church of Our Lady of Solitude played an important role in the development of the neighborhood of La Soledad. The church's construction gave birth to the neighborhood, which was already known as "Soledad" (loneliness) due to its few inhabitants at that time. Today, the church and the neighborhood are important landmarks in the city of San Jose.
Edificio Metalico

7) Edificio Metalico

The Metallic Building (Edificio Metalico), also known as the Metallic School, is a historical building located in San Jose. It was built in 1896 and is situated in front of Morazán Park. This building is the headquarters of the Buenaventura Corrales School, which is one of the oldest primary education institutions in Costa Rica. The Metallic Building is considered one of the most representative buildings of the educational and industrial revolution that took place in the country.

The Metallic Building was inspired by the design of the Eiffel Tower and was made of wrought iron. It was designed and built in Belgium by architect Charles Thirion. The structure was transported to Costa Rica by ship and assembled on-site. The building was declared a relic of national historical and architectural interest on July 29, 1980.

The Metallic Building has a symmetrical composition with three volumes on its main façade and responds to neoclassical canons, which was a frequent historicist trend in Latin America at the time. The central volume coincides with the building for the assembly hall. The building is two stories and spans just over 2400 square meters. It is organized around two patios separated by the central body, and the patios are surrounded by corridors and balconies with richly ornamented railings.

Since its inauguration in 1886, the Metallic Building has functioned as a school and has housed two schools, one for boys and one for girls. Today, three schools merged under the name of Escuela Buenaventura Corrales operate in the Metallic Building. The Metallic Building is an iconic landmark in Costa Rica and a testament to the country's commitment to public education and infrastructure works that project into the future.

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